Radiation Monitoring Data from Fukushima Area March 22, 2011

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On March 15, 33 experts from the Department’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) arrived in Japan along with more than 17,200 pounds of equipment. After initial deployments at U.S. consulates and military installations in Japan, these teams have utilized their unique skills, expertise and equipment to help assess, survey, monitor and sample areas for radiation. The 33 team members joined another six DOE personnel already in Japan.

Since arriving in Japan, NNSA teams have collected and analyzed data gathered from more than 40 hours of flights aboard Department of Defense aircraft and thousands of ground monitoring points.

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Radiation Monitoring Data from Fukushima Area March 22, 2011

  1. Radiological AssessmentMarch 22, 2011<br />1<br />
  2. AMS Summary<br />2<br /><ul><li>Ops Summary
  3. Aerial Measurement Systems totaled more than 40 hours of flying
  4. Plot interpretation
  5. AMS data is presented as exposure rate 1 meter from the ground at the time the measurements occurred.</li></li></ul><li>3<br />Guide to Interpretation<br /><ul><li>US radiological assessments are composed of aerial and ground measurements and indicate the amounts of radiological material that has settled on the ground.
  6. Each measurement corresponds to the radiation a person receives in one hour at that location.
  7. These calculations account for multiple variables. For instance, radiation is most intense in the first days following its release. Therefore, dose reduction may be achieved by evacuating early in the response.
  8. All measurements in this plot are below 0.03 Rem per hour – a low level. And nearly all elevated readings are within 25 miles of Fukushima Daiichi.
  9. Measurements also show an area of greater radiation extending northwest from the accident. This area may be of interest to public safety officials and responders. </li></li></ul><li>4<br />
  10. 5<br />
  11. Context<br />The Nuclear Regulatory Commission estimates that the average American absorbs 620 mRem a year* (or 0.071 mRem/hour)<br />An average transatlantic flight produces an exposure of 2.5 mRem*<br />A typical chest x-ray produces 10 mRem per image<br />EPA guidelines call for public health actions if exposure exceed 1000 mRem over 4 days<br /> * Source: NRC: http://nrc.gov/images/about-nrc/radiation/factoid2-lrg.gif<br />6<br />
  12. 7<br />

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