US Department of Energy FY2014 Proposed Budget

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A presentation by Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman on the proposed US Department of Energy Budget for FY2014.

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  • Natural gas is America's most important 'clean' energy source, and will be for many years. Used efficiently (over 90% efficiency) natural gas will reduce global warming and CO2 emissions.

    With the technology of Condensing Flue Gas Heat Recovery the heat energy is recovered from the exhaust gases that would otherwise be leaving the chimneys of commercial buildings and industries and even the natural gas power plants.

    This recovered heat energy can be used as building space heating or as industrial process or plant washdown water.
    At a university or hotel this recovered heat energy can even be used to heat the swimming pools.
    At a power plant the recovered heat energy can be supplied to a neighboring industry, to be utilized efficiently.

    It's all about saving energy. What natural gas is not wasted today, will be there to be used another day.

    And then there is all the water that is being created during this condensing flue gas heat recovery process. This distilled water is very usable.

    Will this fit into our governments energy saving requirements?
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  • The President is requesting $28.4 billion in new funding for the Department of Energy.  This request includes a $2.1 billion increase in key presidential priorities.  These increases in a tight budget environment demonstrate the importance of clean energy, innovation, and nuclear security to our economic future and safety. Background:  Increases are measured against FY 2012 and include:Applied Energy: EERE +$995mRace to the Top +200ARPA-E +104mOE +$33mFE +83m (artificially high due to FY 12 artificially low from a one-time rescission of balances)NE -$118m (but this includes a shift out of $49.5m to NASA) NNSA:                  Weapons +654mNN -161mNR +166m Science: +217m
  • President Obama is committed to an all-of-the-above strategy that develops every available source of American energy while improving energy efficiency.For the first time since 1949, the U.S. is a net petroleum product exporter. In 2012, American oil production reached its highest level since 1995. Net petroleum imports are down from 57% in 2008 to 42% today.Total U.S. natural gas production is at the highest level in more than 30 years. So not only is the US on track to meet President Obama’s original goal of cutting oil imports by one-third by 2025, on our current path we can actually cut our oil imports in half by 2020.Over the last four years, we have doubled renewable energy generation in the United States. Whether the opening of the Nissan Leaf battery factory in Smyrna, Tennessee, building the first advanced battery components and the battery packs have been manufacture in the U.S. – or the former Maytag factory in Newton, Iowa, that today is turning out wind turbines and blades that are being shipped around the world, renewable energy is here to stay, and it is creating thousands of jobs across the country.New fuel standards will raise the fleet average for cars and light trucks to 54.5 mpg by 2025, reducing oil consumption by 12 billion barrels and saving families more than $8,000 over the lifetime of the vehicle. And these standards cut greenhouse gas emissions in half by from cars and light trucks.
  • Provide Strategic and Economic Security Against Disruptions in U.S. Oil Supplies The United States is in a global competition to capture the energy jobs of the 21st century. The President’s all-of-the-above” approach seeks to develop every source of American energy in a safe and responsible way - a winning strategy for the economy, energy security, and the environment. Develop Advanced Reactor Designs and Fuel Cell Technologies The President’s budget supports the diverse civilian nuclear energy programs of the U.S. Government, leading Federal efforts to research and develop nuclear energy technologies, including generation, safety, waste storage and management, and security technologies. Enhance cybersecurity in the Energy SectorSupports our existing work on cybersecurity –including research into capabilities that prevent unexpected communications or processes on protected system components, such as control system LANs, substation computers, and field devices. These are expected to become commercially available in 2013. Invest in Modernizing the Electricity GridThe Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy support the President’s effort to accelerate the transformation of America’s energy system through research and development, partnerships, facilitation, modeling and analytics, and emergency preparedness.Modernize the Nuclear Security EnterpriseThe NNSA implements programs for four major national security endeavors: leveraging science to maintain a safe, secure, and effective arsenal of nuclear weapons and capabilities to deter any adversary and guarantee that defense to our allies; pursuing our efforts at home and around the world to reduce the global threat posed by nuclear weapons, nuclear proliferation, nuclear terrorism, and unsecured or excess nuclear materials; and providing safe and effective nuclear propulsion for the U.S. Navy.
  • 8. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy The Department’s budget request for EERE includes funds to make clean, renewable power such as solar energy and offshore wind more easily integrated into the electric grid and as affordable as electricity from conventional sources, without subsidies. SolarIn February 2011, Energy Secretary Steven Chu launched the SunShot Initiative – a cross-cutting, national endeavor to get solar cost-competitive with fossil fuels and without subsidies by the end of the decade. Just two years later, we’ve made remarkable progress in accelerating the development of low-cost solar power and building a thriving solar industry that can compete in the global market. 2012 marked a record year for America’s solar industry with installations growing by 76 percent compared to 2011 – representing an estimated market value of $11.5 billion. According to a recent industry estimate, the utility-scale solar sector grew by an unprecedented 134 percent last year. WindLast year, wind energy accounted for approximately 42 percent of all new U.S. electric generating capacity. Today, about seventy percent of the equipment installed at U.S. wind farms – including wind turbines and components like towers, blades, gears and generators – is now from domestic manufactures, doubling from 35 percent in 2005.  WaterThe Department’s Water Power Program is committed to developing a portfolio of innovation technologies for clean, domestic power generation from resources such as hydropower, waves and tides. The program is aimed at supporting 15 percent of our nation’s electricity needs from water power by 2030. Last year, Ocean Renewable Power Company deployed the nation’s first commercial, grid-connected tidal energy project off the coast of Eastport, Maine.   
  • VehiclesThe EV Everywhere Grand Challenge is a DOE-wide cross-cutting initiative focused on breakthroughs in plug-in electric vehicle technology to achieve the goal of making the U.S. the first country in the world to invent and produce plug-in electric vehicles that are as affordable and convenient as gasoline powered vehicles by 2022. BioenergyThe FY14 budget request includes funds to initiate laboratory-scale proof-of-concept work on novel technologies identified through pathways analysis, including bioconversion efficiency, bio-oil R&D and R&D for biomass-derived low-cost carbon fiber manufacturing. In 2012, the program successfully achieved its 10-year goal of demonstrating cellulosic ethanol at the pilot scale at an estimated production-scale cost of $2.15/gallon.  Fuel CellsThe FY14 budget request includes funding to support the targeted reduction of the cost of fuel cells from $47/kW today to $30/kW in 2017, and will improve fuel cell durability from 2,500 hours to 5,000 hours by 2017. BuildingsEach year, the U.S. spends about $200 billion just to power commercial buildings – and another $200 billion to power industrial facilities. President Obama launched the Better Buildings Challenge to help America’s commercial and industrial buildings become at least 20 percent more efficient over the next decade.  Proven Success from EERE ResearchOver the last 30 years EERE R&D has yielded net benefit of more than $70B to heavy-duty trucking industry (70:1 return-on-investment).Support from EERE has reduced plug-in electric vehicle battery costs by 50% in last 4 years.EERE research has reduced fuel cell costs by 35% in last 4 years.In 2012, we achieved 10-year-goal of demonstrating $2.15/gallon cellulosic ethanol.
  • The Energy Department has long supported R&D focused on harnessing fossil resources safely and responsibly. Recently, DOEs uccessfully completed an unprecedented test last year to safely extract a steady flow of natural gas from methane hydrates in the North Slope of Alaska. And the President’s 2014 budget provides $17 million to support unconventional gas technologies to ensure the U.S. remains at the front of safe and efficient development.  The President’s Budget also builds on our investments in Carbon Capture and Storage $112 million for Carbon Capture, for the development of post-combustion and pre-combustion CO2 capture and compression technologies for power plants.$61.1 million for Carbon Storage, working to develop technologies to ensure permanent geologic storage of captured CO2.By 2015, these projects are expected to capture and store CO2 at a rate of more than 5 million metric tons per year.  We are already seeing significant progress with investments in industrial carbon capture technologies - like the Air Products and Chemicals project is in Port Arthur, Texas, which just last year began successfully capturing carbon from a large-scale industrial operations and using it to recover difficult, hard-to-access domestic oil reservesDOE is committed to maintain the Strategic Petroleum Reserve and Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve, The importance of the Home Heating Reserve was clear after Hurricane Sandy when 121,000 barrels were released.
  • OE has achieved remarkable results: • Developed capabilities that prevent unexpected communications or processes on protected system components, such as control system LANs, substation computers, and field devices. These are expected to become commercially available in 2013.• National Laboratory research resulted in an energy delivery control system mapping and visualization capability that several utilities are now using to visualize and ensure the communications taking place on their control system networks are appropriate.  • Energy Sector Cyber Security Maturity Model was released. This tool helps utilities to identify areas for cybersecurity investment, prioritize cybersecurity resources in a way that most effectively reduces risk, and compare their cybersecurity capabilities with other utilities.  The FY 2014 Budget Request reflects an increased investment in modernizing the grid and in strengthening the resiliency of the energy infrastructure system. $38 million for cybersecurity for energy delivery systems.Increases funding for R&D to improve cybersecurity for control systems used in critical energy infrastructure.Enhances situational awareness and operating capacities for private sector actors to increase cyber security.$20 million for the new Electrical Systems Hub which will focus on the interface between transmission and distribution to improve responses to natural disasters, cyber security incidents, and ‘pinch points’ in grid modernization.Provides $16 million for infrastructure security and energy restoration activities - including the expansion of the Energy Resilience and Operations Center.
  • Currently, nuclear energy supplies about 20 percent of the nation’s electricity and over 70 percent of clean, non-carbon producing electricity. Over 100 nuclear power plants are offering reliable and affordable baseload electricity in the U.S. The Office of Nuclear Energy supports research, development and demonstration activities which are designed to resolve the technical, cost, safety, waste management, proliferation resistance and security challenges of continued use of nuclear energy. The Department’s FY14 budget request includes $70 million to continue support for design certification and licensing activities for the Small Modular Reactor designs through cost-shared agreements with industry partners. The Request also funds activities to lay the ground work for the design of an integrated waste management system and related research and development activities. This supports the Administration’s Strategy for the Management and Disposal of Used Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste that provides a framework for moving toward a sustainable program to deploy an integrated system capable of transporting, storing and disposing of used nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. PU-238:  DOE has started to demonstrate key technologies as the first step to re-establishing Pu-238 production.  The past Pu-238 production process was designed to use reactors that no longer operate, and made use of a large facility that also supported defense activities.  We are redesigning the process to make use of currently existing research reactors and facilities; this starts with demonstrating the individual processes on a small scale and making any necessary adjustments.  During this early stage of the project we are running tests of different parts of the production process separately.  For example, one line of testing involves irradiating targets loaded with small amounts of neptunium in the HFIR reactor. Another involves fine-tuning the way we will dissolve targets to start extracting the Pu-238 . 
  • ARPA-E seeks to support early-stage energy technology innovations that will enhance the economic and energy security of the United States by identifying and promoting advances in fundamental and applied sciences; translating scientific discoveries and cutting-edge inventions into technological innovations; and accelerating transformational technological advances in areas that industry by itself is not likely to undertake because of technical and financial uncertainty. ARPA-E performers have experienced several notable technological successes and formed strong partnerships in both the public and private sector, including:  Doubling the world record energy density for a rechargeable lithium-ion battery (to 400 Whr/kg). Envia Systems is developing new silicon-based negative electrode materials to produce commercial EV batteries that outperform today's technology by 2-3 times. Partnering with the U.S. Navy to advance research on heating and air conditioning efficiency; In the first few years, 11 of the companies funded with $40 million dollars have attracted more than $200 million in combined private investment. In the President’s budget, ARPA-E funding is broken down into two areas: Transportation Systems ($197.0 million) and Stationary Power Systems ($148.0 million)
  • The Department of Energy's Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative is focused on growing American manufacturing of clean energy products and boosting U.S. competitiveness through major improvements in manufacturing energy productivity.Through EERE’s innovative research and development projects, DOE would invest $54 million on 13 projects to spur development of transformational manufacturing technologies.DOE’s new Carbon Fiber Technology Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is working with manufacturers and researchers to develop better and cheaper processes for producing carbon fibers. Carbon fiber, together with other lightweight materials, could cut the weight of vehicles by up to 50%, improving fuel efficiency by more than 35 percent .Our FY 2014 investment would also support the deployment of at least three Clean Energy Manufacturing Innovation Institutes, consistent with the President’s vision for a National Network for Manufacturing Innovation, aimed at bringing together universities, companies, and the Government to co-invest in solving industry-relevant problems.The CEMI Institutes are intended to provide timely, affordable access to physical and virtual tools, and to demonstrate new materials and critical processes to advance the use of clean energy manufacturing technologies for industry. Almost a year ago today, GE announced the opening of a newly revitalized manufacturing facility in Louisville, Kentucky where the company is producing cutting-edge highly efficient GeoSpring water heaters - creating hundreds of new jobs in the process. Due to a renewed appreciation of the unique competitive advantages of manufacturing in American, GE moved its operations back from China. Work on the unique technology that GE is using started years prior through a DOE research effort carried out with Oak Ridge National Lab. GE found that with new technology and based in the U.S., they were able to develop and produce a, more efficient product that is more competitive in the global market.
  • The President’s Race to the Top for Energy Efficiency and Grid Modernization initiative looks to replicate the highly successful incentive model used in the education field to encourage state authorities to cut waste and support energy efficiency and modernizing the Grid.The program works to motivate states, local governments with public power utilities, co-operatives, and tribes to align the incentives of their regulated utilities and other investors with the interests of customers in energy efficiency and distributed generation, and the national interest in a resilient grid. The $200 million in funding will be split between technical assistance in the qualifying phase, and performance-based grants in the final selection. Because applicants vary widely in size, awards may be proportional to each applicant’s size.Qualifying criteria will be in five categories: Energy efficiency, including combined heat and power, and demand response; Distributed generation; Customer access to data; Resiliency and cybersecurity; Visibility in grid operations.
  • Energy Innovation Hubs The hubs are modeled after the strong scientific management characteristics of the Manhattan Project, Lincoln Lab at MIT that developed radar, AT&T Bell Laboratories that developed the transistor and, more recently, the highly successful Bioenergy Research Centers established during the Bush Administration. Last year, the Department announced two new hubs – the Critical Materials Hub led by Ames Laboratory and the Batteries and Energy Storage Hub led by Argonne National Laboratory. This builds on the other hubs the Department has launched since 2010, including: the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, which focuses on advanced research to develop fuels directly from sunlight; the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors, which is seeking to improve nuclear reactors through sophisticated computer-based modeling and simulation; and the Greater Philadelphia Innovation Cluster for Energy-Efficient Buildings, which is working to achieve major breakthroughs in energy efficient building design.The FY14 budget request includes $20 million to establish a new Electricity Systems Hub to address fundamental science, technology, economic and policy issues that affect our ability to achieve a seamless and modernized grid.
  • Science-driven technology has been responsible for more than 50 percent of U.S. economic growth since 1945. The Energy Department’s investments in cutting-edge research facilities are essential to ensure America’s future competitiveness.Over the last four years, well over 100,000 researchers from academia, industry, and government have used our unique facilities and equipment to advance their work. Last year alone, more than 29,000 scientists from the public and private sector utilized our DOE User Facilities for research.
  • Our Frontier Research Centers include some 600 researchers from multiple institutions. These research teams have generated more than 3,400 peer-reviewed publications, 60 invention disclosures, 200 patents, and numerous instances of technology transfer in just three years.One EFRC has used the advanced materials science technique of “self-healing” materials to prevent spontaneous combustion of lithium-ion batteries.EFRC researchers used silicon nanowires to make thin-film solar cells comparable in conversion efficiency to hard wafer silicon cells. EFRC researchers significantly increased the effectiveness of zeolite catalysts, which play a key role in conversion of petroleum into useful products such as gasoline by shaping them into a “house of cards” structure.
  • The request for NNSA is $11.7 billion; *2.8% more than the FY 2012 current level (+$304 million) *The 2.8% is compared to FY12 Current for DNN/NR/OA and FY13 Annualized CR for Weapons
  • -- NNSA will remove all excess HEU and Pu from Belgium and Italy prior to the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit --NNSA will continue with security upgrades to high priority Russian nuclear facilities and downblend 1 MT of Russian HEU to LEU
  • The President’s FY 2014 Budget provides EM with $5.6 billion and will progress all areas of the cleanup program and position EM to meet all FY2014 enforceable milestones. EM continues to develop and apply innovative cleanup strategies to complete work safely, on schedule and within cost, demonstrating value to the American taxpayers.Despite the economic challenges facing our nation and the budget pressures being felt throughout the federal government, the request reaffirms the national commitment to the President’s nuclear security vision, applying world-class science that addresses our nation’s greatest safety and cleanup challenges and building EM’s key investments in people, programs and infrastructure.In the past four years, we have made historic progress in cleaning up nuclear contamination leftover from the Cold War, reducing the total footprint by nearly 75 percent and permanently cleaning up 690 square miles of contaminated land—an area more than 30 times the size of Manhattan.
  • US Department of Energy FY2014 Proposed Budget

    1. 1. Department of EnergyFY 2014 Budget Request Overview April 10, 2013
    2. 2. “Now is the time to reach a level of research and development not seen since the height of the Space Race. And today, no area holds more promise than our investments in American energy. After years of talking about it, we are finally poised to control our own energy future.” - President Obama, 2013 State of the Union2
    3. 3. The Department of Energy $28.4 Billion FY 2014 Budget Request Funds Presidential Priorities ScienceDiscretionary $5.2$ in Billions 1.4 Major 1.3 FY14 Budget 1.2 Increases Environmental Applied 1 Applied Energy Cleanup Energy $4.7 $5.8 0.8 Nuclear Security .6 0.6 Science Other $1.0 0.4 .2 0.2 Nuclear 0 Security $11.73
    4. 4. All-of-the-above Energy Strategy Cut oil consumption Cut oil by more than imports in half 2 million by 2020 barrels a day by 2025 Double Double renewable energy energy productivity production by by 2030 20204
    5. 5. Innovating for Energy Security and National Security Provide Develop Enhance Invest in Modernize strategic and advanced cyber modernizing the nuclear economic reactor security in the security security designs and the energy electricity enterprise against fuel cycle sector grid disruptions technologies in U.S. oil supplies5
    6. 6. FY 2014 Budget Request: Applied Energy6
    7. 7. Addressing Energy Challenges • DOE’s FY 2014 Budget: Implementing the President’s all-of-the-above energy approach • Invests in technologies that will grow the economy, stimulate clean energy job creation, improve air and water quality, and reduce greenhouse emissions • Provides assistance to American entrepreneurs to commercialize the technologies that will lead to a new, clean energy economy • Funds innovative projects to produce renewable energy and improve integration of renewable energy into the electric grid7
    8. 8. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy - $2.8 billion Renewable Sustainable Energy Savings Electricity Transportation • Advanced Generation • Vehicles Manufacturing • EV-Everywhere Grand • Building Technologies • Solar Challenge • Weatherization • Wind • Combustion Engine • Federal Energy • Water R&D Management Program • Geothermal • Alternative Fuel Vehicle Community Partner Projects • Bioenergy • Fuel Cells8
    9. 9. 9
    10. 10. Fossil Energy - $638 million Clean Coal R&D Oil & Gas R&D Petroleum Reserves •Develop cost-competitive •Develop unconventional oil •Provide “Emergency carbon capture and and gas resources Stockpile” of crude oil to storage (CCS) technology (i.e., shale gas and respond to potential •Demonstrate commercial- hydrates) in an disruptions in U.S. scale CCS projects environmentally petroleum supplies •Improve efficiency of coal- sustainable and safe •Maintain one million barrel based power systems; manner Northeast Home Heating enable affordable CO2 Oil Reserve at full capture, increase plant readiness availability, and maintain the highest environmental standards10
    11. 11. Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability - $169 million Infrastructure Security Cybersecurity Clean Energy and Energy Restoration • Supports Cybersecurity for Transmission and • Stands up the Energy Resilience Energy Delivery Systems Reliability and Operations Center (E-ROC) • Improve cybersecurity • Leverages the availability of data • Places DOE Energy Advisors in technologies and capabilities on the electric system to enhance Federal Emergency Management through research and transmission reliability and Agency (FEMA) regional offices development integration of renewable energy • Improve efficiency of coal-based • Enhances situational awareness into the grid power systems; enable affordable • Further develops operational • Expands the Energy Systems CO2 capture, increase plant capabilities that strengthens Predictive Capability to develop availability, and maintain the cybersecurity protections near real-time analysis of events highest environmental standards • Increases the resiliency of the that could impact energy reliability Energy Sector 11
    12. 12. Nuclear Energy - $735 million Small Modular Strategy for the Changes within Reactors Management and Radiological Facilities • NE made one selection (Nov Disposal of used Management 2012) and issued a second Nuclear Fuel and High • Space and Defense FOA (March 2013) Level Radioactive Infrastructure moves to full • The SMR program will provide Waste cost recovery (-$65M) $452M over 6 years • Proposes financing reform • Provides $60 million for activities to lay the groundwork for design of an integrated waste management system and related research and development activities.12
    13. 13. ARPA-E: Changing What’s Possible • The ARPA-E request is $379 million, an increase of $104 million or 38% over the FY 2012 current level • Invests to enable transformative breakthrough discoveries that have the potential to be brought to market scale in a wide array of energy technologies including energy storage, building technologies, energy deliver and grid modernization, transportation, carbon capture, and renewable energy technologies • Funding for Transportation Systems seeks to create a diverse portfolio of technological options to reduce oil dependence and increase efficient use of domestic energy sources for transportation • The request for Stationary Power Systems will develop advanced and efficient power generation through new sources and new production and delivery hardware17 projects have attracted over $450 million in private sector follow-onfunding after ARPA-E’s initial investment of approximately $70million, spurred start-up company formation and fostered public partnerships13
    14. 14. Enhancing American Manufacturing “Our first priority is making America a• DOE’s Clean Energy magnet for new jobs and Manufacturing Initiative manufacturing.” • Improve U.S. competitiveness - President Obama, State in clean energy manufacturing of the Union, 2013 • Strengthen U.S. competitiveness through increased energy productivity• Clean Energy Manufacturing Innovation InstituteSince 2005, DOE has invested in the wind energy sector. Between 2005 and2011, the U.S. wind market grew from approximately $2 billion to $9 billion, while thevalue of wind equipment installed in U.S. wind farms that was manufactured in theU.S. doubled from roughly 35% to 70%. 14
    15. 15. Race to the Top • $200 million in one-time funding for a new Race to the Top for energy efficiency and grid modernization • Supports the President’s goal of doubling energy productivity above 2010 levels by 2030 • Challenges States, local governments with public power, co-operatives, and tribes to implement effective policies to cut energy waste and modernize the grid15
    16. 16. Energy Innovation Hubs $135 million to support 5 existing Hubs and 1 new Hub in “Electricity Systems”Electricity Systems Hub: The Administration has requested $20 million to establish this hub toaddress fundamental science, technology, economic and policy issues that affect our ability toachieve a seamless and modernized gridFuels from Sunlight: Using the photosynthesis process to create energy directly fromsunlight, and create a process thats economically viableModeling & Simulation for Nuclear Reactors: Developing a “virtual model" will address importantquestions about the operations of and safety basis for reactor(s)Energy Efficient Buildings: Developing advanced building modeling tools and building one of thecountry’s first 3-D building design labsCritical Materials: Addressing challenges across the entire life of each critical material includingmineral processing, manufacture, substitution, efficient use, and end-of-life recyclingAdvanced Battery and Energy Storage: Advancing more effective, lower cost and longer lifeenergy storage technologies for electric and hybrid cars and the electricity grid
    17. 17. FY 2014 Budget Request: Office of Science17
    18. 18. Investing in Science and Innovation to Keep America Competitive • DOE’s Office of Science forms a crucial mainstay in U.S. leadership in science and a foundation of American innovation and prosperity • Supporting research that led to over 100 Nobel Prizes during the past 6 decades—more than 20 in the past 10 years • Supporting 25,000 Ph.D. scientists, graduate students, undergraduates, engineers, and support staff at more than 300 institutions “We don’t stand still, we look • Providing 45% of Federal support of basicforward. We invent. We build. We research in the physical and energy related turn new ideas into new industries. sciences and key components of the Nation’s basicWe change the way we can live our research in biology and computing lives here at home and around the world.” -President Obama, March 2013 18 18
    19. 19. Delivering Scientific Discovery and User Facilities to Advance American Competitiveness • The Office of Science request is $5.152 billion • Continues support for the Energy Frontier Research Centers which have proved enormously productive, generating 60 invention disclosures and 200 patents • Continues efforts to maintain America’s lead and take maximum scientific advantage of computing capabilities19
    20. 20. FY 2014 Budget Request: Nuclear Safety and Security20
    21. 21. NNSA FY 2014 Budget Request = $11.7 Billion Legacy Contractor Pensions Driving an Integrated 3.2% and Effective Enterprise 4.7% Advancing Naval Nuclear Propulsion Reducing Nuclear 10.7% Dangers 17.6% Modernizing the Infrastructure 22.5% Managing the Nuclear Weapons Stockpile 22.5% Security 5.8% Strengthening the Science, Technology & Engineering Base 13.0%21
    22. 22. Modernizing the Nuclear Security Enterprise • The Weapons Activities request is $7.9 billion, an increase of $311 million or about 9.1% • Provides a strong basis for transitioning to a smaller nuclear stockpile that continues to be safe, secure, and effective • Continues key stockpile initiatives including the W76 LEP, B61 LEP, W78/88-1 life extension study and the W88 ALT 370 • Supports the science, technology, and engineering base and modernizes key facilities to strengthen national security • Reduces reliance on nuclear weapons and sustains confidence in the ability to certify the reliability without the use of underground nuclear testing • Achieves savings through a synergy among science, engineering and technology development and life extension programs, and through management efficiencies22
    23. 23. Preventing Proliferation of Nuclear Material and Weapons• The Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation request is $2.1 billion, which will allow NNSA to continue to implement the President’s nuclear security agenda• Secures or eliminates proliferation-sensitive materials• Limits or prevents the spread of materials, technology, and expertise related to nuclear and radiological weapons and programs around the world• Completes efforts to secure the most vulnerable nuclear materials by December 2013• Supports implementation of the New START Treaty• Provides funding to respond to nuclear or radiological incidents worldwide and advance nuclear counterterrorism and counter-proliferation goalsAs of the end of FY 2012, NNSA’s International Material Protection and Cooperation program had secured218 buildings containing weapons-usable nuclear material and NNSA’s Global Threat Reduction Initiative hadremoved 3,462 kgs of vulnerable nuclear material to reduce the threat of nuclear terrorism.23
    24. 24. Powering the Nuclear Navy • The Naval Reactors request is $1.2 billion, an increase of $166 million or 15% above the FY 2012 current level • Funds the core objective of ensuring the safe and reliable operation of the Nation’s nuclear fleet • Continues reactor systems development for the replacement of the OHIO-class ballistic missile submarines, the Land-based Prototype Refueling Overhaul, and the recapitalization of NR’s used fuel handling infrastructure.24
    25. 25. Advancing Responsible Environmental Cleanup • The Environmental Management request is $5.6 billion • Enables EM to maintain a safe and secure posture in the EM complex. • Positions EM to meet its FY 2014 enforceable agreement milestones. • Funds continued construction of two unique and complex radioactive tank waste processing plants. • Supports disposal of transuranic and low level wastes generated by EM cleanup activities. • Continues progress toward the goal of reducing EM’s geographic footprint 90% by 2015. In FY 2012, EM packaged a record high of 275 canisters of high level waste at the Defense Waste Processing Facility and successfully closed two waste tanks – the first since 1997 – at the Savannah River Site.25
    26. 26. EM’s FY 2014 Budget Request: Funding by Mission Area Special Nuclear Materials and Soil and Radioactive Tank Waste Used Nuclear Fuel** Groundwater $ 1,933M / 34% WA $2.3B $ 906M / 16% $ 492M / 9% ID NY $377M $90M CA $11M NV OH $65M UT $188M $36M KY EM’s FY 2014 Budget Request - $5.622$332M Total Billion NM TN $427M SC $1.3B $444M*Includes Program Direction, Program Support, TDD, Post Facility D&D Transuranic & Solid Essential SiteClosure Administration and Community and Regulatory Waste Services*Support $ 1,095M / 19% $ 804M / 14% $ 392M / 7%**Includes Safeguards and Security 26
    27. 27. Department of Energy’s FY 2014 Budget Request Invests $28.4 Billion in America’s Energy Future The $1.75 billion net funding increase over FY 2012 improves the United State’s ability to: • Compete as a world leader in clean energy and advanced manufacturing • Create high-quality jobs • Enhance our energy security • Continue cutting-edge basic scientific R&D • Respond to the threat of climate change • Modernize the nuclear weapons stockpile and infrastructure27
    28. 28. FY 2014 Budget Request: Backup Slides28
    29. 29. FY 2014 Budget Request – Applied Energy Programs (discretionary FY 2013 FY 2012 vs. FY 2014 FY 2012 FY 2014 dollars in Annualized Current Request % thousands) CR $ Change Change EERE 1,780,548 1,820,713 2,775,700 +995,152 +55.9% OE 136,178 139,954 169,015 +32,837 +24.1% FE 554,806 714,033 637,975 +83,169 +15.0% NE 853,816 863,996 735,460 -118,356 -13.9% ARPA-E 275,000 276,683 379,000 +104,000 +37.8% Applied Energy 3,600,348 3,815,379 4,697,150 +1,096,802 +30.5% Programs Total* *Total Includes $200 million in one-time FY 2014 Request funding for a new Race to the Top for energy efficiency and grid modernization29
    30. 30. FY 2014 Budget Request – Office of Science (discretionary FY 2013 FY 2012 vs. FY 2014 FY 2012 FY 2014 dollars in Annualized Current Request % thousands) CR $ Change Change Science 4,934,980 4,903,461 5,152,752 +217,772 +4.4%30
    31. 31. FY 2014 Budget Request – NNSA and EM FY 2012 vs. FY 2014 (discretionary FY 2013 FY 2012 FY 2014 dollars in Annualized Current Request % thousands) CR $ Change Change Weapons Activities* 7,214,834 7,557,342 7,868,409 311,067 +9.1% Defense Nuclear 2,300,950 2,409,930 2,140,142 -160,808 -7.0% Nonproliferation Naval Reactors 1,080,000 1,086,610 1,246,134 +166,134 +15.4% Office of the 410,000 412,509 397,784 -12,216 -3.0% Administrator NNSA Total 11,005,784 11,466,391 11,652,469 +304,177 +5.9% Environmental 5,710,408 5,745,384 5,621,688 -88,720 -1.6% Management *For Weapons Activities, the FY 2014 Request is compared against the FY 2013 Annualized Continuing Resolution level.31

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