Radiation Monitoring Data from Fukushima Area 03/29/2011


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On March 15, 33 experts from the Department’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) arrived in Japan along with more than 17,200 pounds of equipment. After initial deployments at U.S. consulates and military installations in Japan, these teams have utilized their unique skills, expertise and equipment to help assess, survey, monitor and sample areas for radiation. The 33 team members joined another six DOE personnel already in Japan.

Since arriving in Japan, NNSA teams have collected and analyzed data gathered from more than 40 hours of flights aboard Department of Defense aircraft and thousands of ground monitoring points.

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Radiation Monitoring Data from Fukushima Area 03/29/2011

  1. 1. Radiological AssessmentMarch 29, 2011<br />
  2. 2. AMS Summary<br /><ul><li>Ops Summary
  3. 3. Aerial Measuring Systems totaled more than 130 hours of flying
  4. 4. Flight operations were curtailed on March 20-22 and March 25due to weather
  5. 5. Flight operations conducted March 27 and 28 focused on areas outside of a 25 mile radius from the incident site
  6. 6. NNSA’s Consequence Management Response Teams have collected thousands of ground measurements provided by DOE, DoD and the Japanese monitoring teams</li></li></ul><li>Guide to Interpretation<br /><ul><li>US radiological assessments are composed of aerial and ground measurements and indicate the amounts of radiological material that has settled on the ground.
  7. 7. Each measurement corresponds to the radiation a person receives in one hour at that location. AMS data is presented as exposure rate 1 meter from the ground at the time the measurements occurred.
  8. 8. All measurements in this plot are below 0.03 Rem per hour – a low but not insignificant level. </li></li></ul><li>
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Assessment<br />Assessment:<br />The dose rates measured by AMS have decreased since last week. This is expected due to radioactive decay of the material deposited on the ground<br />AMS monitoring results in areas beyond 25 miles from the Fukushima Daiichi reactors show areas where dose rates are many times higher than historical background. <br />The measured external dose rates in these areas are not high enough to warrant evacuation or relocation of the population, however, lower levels of radioactive contamination in food provide more of a risk because the radioactive material can be ingested into the body.Agricultural monitoring in these areas may be warranted.<br />Radiological material has not deposited in significant quantities in the areas measured since March 19.<br />
  11. 11. Context<br /><ul><li>The Nuclear Regulatory Commission estimates that the average American absorbs 620 mRem a year* (or 0.071 mRem/hour)
  12. 12. An average transatlantic flight produces an exposure of 2.5 mRem*
  13. 13. A typical chest x-ray produces 10 mRem per image
  14. 14. EPA guidelines call for public health actions if exposure exceed 1000 mRem over 4 days</li></ul> * Source: NRC: http://nrc.gov/images/about-nrc/radiation/factoid2-lrg.gif<br />