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ENTERTAINMENT CONTRACTS Andrea Scarlett-Lozer Myers, Fletcher & Gordon Attorneys-at-law 21 East Street, Kingston www.myers...
ENTERTAINMENT BIZ – NOT A ONE MAN SHOW <ul><li>PREPARING A PIECE OF MUSIC FOR PUBLICATION AND ORGANISING THE ACTUAL SALE A...
ENTERTAINMENT BIZ – NOT A ONE MAN SHOW <ul><li>VERY IMPORTANT FOR EACH CONTRIBUTOR TO THE PROCESS TO NEGOTIATE THEIR RIGHT...
REPUTATION & LEGACY OF ARTISTE’S WORK- IMPORTANT
DECEASED ARTISTES AS TOP INCOME EARNERS
DECEASED ARTISTES AS TOP INCOME EARNERS
ORGANISING THE AFFAIRS OF ARTISTES <ul><li>Do our  TOP  and  UPCOMING  reggae and dancehall artistes, producers, musicians...
ORGANISING THE AFFAIRS OF ARTISTES <ul><li>COPYRIGHT IS AUTOMATICALLY VESTED.  </li></ul><ul><li>COPYRIGHT  IS VESTED IN: ...
CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIPS <ul><li>(A) PRODUCERS & RECORDING COMPANIES </li></ul><ul><li>(B) MANAGERS </li></ul><ul><li>(C)...
CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIPS <ul><li>(F)   LOCAL AND OVERSEAS EVENT PROMOTERS   </li></ul><ul><li>(G) FILM MAKERS </li></ul><...
The business of reggae and dancehall music should be conducted with the same level of attention to detail and protection o...
NATURE OF COPYRIGHT <ul><li>PROPERTY IN MUSIC  =  COPYRIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>CONTRACTS AND ARRANGEMENTS SHOULD ADDRESS IN...
NATURE OF COPYRIGHT   <ul><li>Section 9 of the Copyright Act provides that a copyright owner has the EXCLUSIVE right to do...
Copyright subsist in a wide variety of original creative works. Copyright protect the tangible expression of a work – writ...
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED WORKS <ul><li>COPYRIGHT DOES NOT PROTECT THE IDEAS EXPRESSED – THUS TWO PERSONS CAN HAVE COPYRIGHT IN ...
NATURE OF COPYRIGHT   <ul><li>“ Until the philosophy which holds one race superior and another inferior is finally and per...
NATURE OF COPYRIGHT   <ul><li>Copyright protected works may be used, without infringement, in limited circumstances specif...
FORMALITIES FOR PROTECTION OF COPYRIGHT   <ul><li>No formality required in order for copyright to vest. </li></ul><ul><li>...
COLLECTIVE ADMINISTRATION OF RIGHTS   <ul><li>More effective method of monitoring consumption of music and collection of r...
TRADE MARK REGISTRATIONS <ul><li>MEANS OF PROTECTING BRAND NAMES AND TRADE NAMES OF ARTISTES, PRODUCERS AND RECORDING COMP...
SHOULD BRAND NAMES IN DANCEHALL BE FREE FOR ALL TO EXPLOIT?
LOOKING TO THE FUTURE <ul><li>As we move to harness the economic value of the local music industry, it is important that a...
ENTERTAINMENT CONTRACTS Presenter:  Andrea Scarlett-Lozer Myers, Fletcher & Gordon Attorneys-at-law 21 East Street, Kingst...
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Copyright & Licensing in the Entertainment Industry

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This presentation was made by Andrea Scarlett-Lozer of Myers Fletcher & Gordon. Amazingly simple presentation on the knotty topics of copyright and licensing!

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Transcript of "Copyright & Licensing in the Entertainment Industry"

  1. 1. ENTERTAINMENT CONTRACTS Andrea Scarlett-Lozer Myers, Fletcher & Gordon Attorneys-at-law 21 East Street, Kingston www.myersfletcher.com
  2. 2. ENTERTAINMENT BIZ – NOT A ONE MAN SHOW <ul><li>PREPARING A PIECE OF MUSIC FOR PUBLICATION AND ORGANISING THE ACTUAL SALE AND CONSUMPTION OF THE MUSIC REQUIRES THE CONTRIBUTION OF SEVERAL PERSONS. </li></ul>
  3. 3. ENTERTAINMENT BIZ – NOT A ONE MAN SHOW <ul><li>VERY IMPORTANT FOR EACH CONTRIBUTOR TO THE PROCESS TO NEGOTIATE THEIR RIGHTS AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE. </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHTS/ASSETS MAY RELATE TO – </li></ul><ul><li>(i) ACTUAL MUSICAL WORK </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) REPUTATION & IMAGE OF ARTISTE . </li></ul>
  4. 4. REPUTATION & LEGACY OF ARTISTE’S WORK- IMPORTANT
  5. 5. DECEASED ARTISTES AS TOP INCOME EARNERS
  6. 6. DECEASED ARTISTES AS TOP INCOME EARNERS
  7. 7. ORGANISING THE AFFAIRS OF ARTISTES <ul><li>Do our TOP and UPCOMING reggae and dancehall artistes, producers, musicians, choreographers, dancers, song writers and comedians have lawyers and other professional advisors who will assist them in ensuring that, from their hard work they will REAP REAL REWARDS NOW AND “FOREVER ”? </li></ul>
  8. 8. ORGANISING THE AFFAIRS OF ARTISTES <ul><li>COPYRIGHT IS AUTOMATICALLY VESTED. </li></ul><ul><li>COPYRIGHT IS VESTED IN: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>COMPOSERS & AUTHORS OF MUSICAL WORKS FOR LIFETIME + 50 YEARS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PRODUCER/SOUND RECORDER FOR 50 YEARS FROM THE RELEASE OF THE RECORDING. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIPS <ul><li>(A) PRODUCERS & RECORDING COMPANIES </li></ul><ul><li>(B) MANAGERS </li></ul><ul><li>(C) AGENTS </li></ul><ul><li>(D) CORPORATE ENTITIES FOR ADVERTISING </li></ul><ul><li>(E) CORPORATE ENTITIES FOR MERCHANDISING </li></ul>
  10. 10. CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIPS <ul><li>(F) LOCAL AND OVERSEAS EVENT PROMOTERS </li></ul><ul><li>(G) FILM MAKERS </li></ul><ul><li>(H) OTHER ARTISTES – COLLABORATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTERS OF LIVE PERFORMANCES, eg. PLAYS, MUSICALS, DANCE THEATER </li></ul><ul><li>(J) OTHERS </li></ul>
  11. 11. The business of reggae and dancehall music should be conducted with the same level of attention to detail and protection of rights as other international businesses. Myers, Fletcher & Gordon Attorneys-at-law 21 East Street, Kingston www.myersfletcher.com CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIPS
  12. 12. NATURE OF COPYRIGHT <ul><li>PROPERTY IN MUSIC = COPYRIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>CONTRACTS AND ARRANGEMENTS SHOULD ADDRESS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ISSUES. </li></ul>
  13. 13. NATURE OF COPYRIGHT <ul><li>Section 9 of the Copyright Act provides that a copyright owner has the EXCLUSIVE right to do or authorise others to deal with his work. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Copyright subsist in a wide variety of original creative works. Copyright protect the tangible expression of a work – written format, video recording, tape recording, etc. There is no copyright in unrecorded thoughts or ideas. Myers, Fletcher & Gordon COPYRIGHT PROTECTED WORKS
  15. 15. COPYRIGHT PROTECTED WORKS <ul><li>COPYRIGHT DOES NOT PROTECT THE IDEAS EXPRESSED – THUS TWO PERSONS CAN HAVE COPYRIGHT IN SEPARATE EXPRESSIONS OF THE SAME IDEA. </li></ul>
  16. 16. NATURE OF COPYRIGHT <ul><li>“ Until the philosophy which holds one race superior and another inferior is finally and permanently discredited and abandoned...until there are no longer first class and second class citizens of any nation...until the color of a man's skin is of no more significance than the color of his eyes...until that day, the dream of lasting peace...will remain but a fleeting illusion, to be pursued but never attained.” </li></ul>
  17. 17. NATURE OF COPYRIGHT <ul><li>Copyright protected works may be used, without infringement, in limited circumstances specified by the Copyright Act, eg. Research or private study, fair dealing for criticism and review and reporting. </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright is territorial. </li></ul>
  18. 18. FORMALITIES FOR PROTECTION OF COPYRIGHT <ul><li>No formality required in order for copyright to vest. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of evidence recommended – </li></ul><ul><li>(a) copyright notice </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Poor man’s copyright </li></ul><ul><li>(c) Registration with Intellectual Property Service Center (IPC) </li></ul>
  19. 19. COLLECTIVE ADMINISTRATION OF RIGHTS <ul><li>More effective method of monitoring consumption of music and collection of royalties and licence fees. </li></ul><ul><li>Jamaica Association of Composers, Authors and Publishers (JACAP) </li></ul><ul><li>Jamaica Music Society (JAMMS) </li></ul>
  20. 20. TRADE MARK REGISTRATIONS <ul><li>MEANS OF PROTECTING BRAND NAMES AND TRADE NAMES OF ARTISTES, PRODUCERS AND RECORDING COMPANIES, EVENT PROMOTERS & GENERALLY PERSONS DOING BUSINESS IN THE ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES OF REGGAE & DANCEHALL TRADE NAMES THAT COULD BE REGISTERED: </li></ul><ul><li>- SUMFEST, PASSA PASSA, KING OF THE DANCEHALL, ALLIANCE, BOB MARLEY, GULLY, GAZA. </li></ul>
  21. 21. SHOULD BRAND NAMES IN DANCEHALL BE FREE FOR ALL TO EXPLOIT?
  22. 22. LOOKING TO THE FUTURE <ul><li>As we move to harness the economic value of the local music industry, it is important that all players understand their rights and take the necessary steps to protect and administer those rights. Obtaining professional services, including legal and accounting services, is highly recommended. </li></ul>
  23. 23. ENTERTAINMENT CONTRACTS Presenter: Andrea Scarlett-Lozer Myers, Fletcher & Gordon Attorneys-at-law 21 East Street, Kingston www.myersfletcher.com
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