Brazilian World Affairs


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Brazilian World Affairs

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Brazilian World Affairs

  1. 1. Brazil in World Affairs By Noeli Piccoli Biggs
  2. 2. Full Name : Federative Republic of Brazil Localization : South America Area : 8,547,403 sq km (3,338,829 sq mi) Population : 173 million Capital City : Brasilia Climate : Mostly Tropical but temperate in South States : 26 and one federal district. National Language : Portuguese
  3. 3. Green : Represents our great forest wealth. Yellow : The vast mineral riches of the land. Blue Globe : Represent our night sky The blue is in honor of our National Saint = Saint Aparecida 27 Stars : 26 represent our states and one represents the Federal District. It is also represents the constalation in the of our Independence day White Band : Wishes for Peace Optimist Logo : Order and Progress. * Brazilians love their flag and add its symbol in clothes, decoration, souvernir and also used as “blanket” during games and celebrations.
  4. 4. 1494 – Portugal and Spain signed up the Treaty of Tordesilhas. (A line through the Atlantic where lands found to the east of this line would belong to Portugal , while lands to the west would belong to Spain) 1500 – The Portuguese sailor Pedro Álvares Cabral discovered Brazil ( 8 years after Columbus’s journey to America) Note: Specialists estimate that 4 milion natives (Indians) were in the country when Cabral landed ( they came from Asia and North America 12000 years ago). Thousands of Indians died from new diseases brought to Brazil from Europe, and also the Indians were forced to work as slaves on sugar plantations. 1516 – Slaves from Africa began arriving ( around 3.6 million)
  5. 5. 1822 – September 7, Emperor Dom Pedro II proclaimed Brazil’s Independence. 1871 - Princess Isabel (the emperor’s daughter) convinced the Brazilian Congress to grant freedom at birth to the children of slaves. 1889 – Princess Isabel passed a law which freed all the last slaves in Brazil. 1889 – Military group proclaimed a new Republic of the United States of Brazil. (The country was guided by military presidents). 1985 – The army gave the presidential powers to a civilian. 1989 – The people had their first election for President . 2009 - Brazil is the third largest democracy in the world.
  6. 6. Brazil – The land of Opportunities After the Portugueses, hundreds of thousands of Germans and Italians immigrants settled in Brazil. Japanese immigration began in 1906 and today Brazil has the 2nd largest Japanese Community outside of Japan. We also have large colonies of Lebanese, Syrians,Turks, Egyptians,Palestinians, Chinese and Koreans. Brazil has more Lebaneses than Lebanon.
  7. 7. Education <ul><li>- Elementary School – Kindegarten to 4th Grade </li></ul><ul><li>- Middle School – 5th to 8th Grade </li></ul><ul><li>High School – 9th to 11th grade * </li></ul><ul><li>*Acceptance Test </li></ul><ul><li>(Math, English, Portuguese, English, Biology, Physic, History and Geography) </li></ul><ul><li>97.3 % of our children are at school </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>- Higher Education – University Level * </li></ul><ul><li>There is no core curriculum, students take subjects related to their major. </li></ul><ul><li>University acceptance is a very competitive and stressful process. Universities are </li></ul><ul><li>usually full time and very costly. </li></ul><ul><li>- Post Graduation / Graduate Studies </li></ul><ul><li>- Master Degree </li></ul><ul><li>Ph.D </li></ul>
  9. 9. Amazon Forest <ul><li>One quarter of all known plants species are found in Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>Botanists believe the 25,000 plants cataloged represent half of the jungle’s total. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists called Ethnobotanists around the world believe that plants in the Amazon might hold a cure for immune deficiency sydromes such as AIDS, Leukemia and Cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>- The Amazon River and the forest produce 1/3 of the earth’s oxygen. </li></ul><ul><li>The Amazon river has 31,042 miles of network </li></ul><ul><li>There are 1,600 differents species of birds , 3,000 species of fish and 10,000 known animals exist in the Amazon Forest. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Amazon Foundation was created in 2007 by the Amazonas Governor Eduardo Braga in partnership with Bradesco Bank. This foundation is responsible to promote social and economic development in thirty four conservation units. Those units represent 16, 4 million of hectares (an area bigger than United Kingdom) and it is a reserved and protected area where 8.500 local families are being assisted by the Forest Program. The Amazon foundation reports indicate that Europe only preserved 0.3% of its original forest areas, North American only 19% and Brazil has 60% of preservation and today 98% of the forest is preserved due to innumerous community initiatives.
  11. 11. - Promote the production and trade of internal goods (Fruits, Fish, Cocoa, and etc) - Create local job opportunities to all families, to avoid them to commune long distances for an income opportunity and mainly to protect those families from illegal wood business job offering, which are very danger for Amazon preservation. - Food Stamps for local families who accepted and maintain the agreement of free deforestation until 2029.
  12. 12. Religion Brazil is the world’s largest Catholic Nation, 70% of the country is Roman Catolic
  13. 13. Soccer <ul><li>Brazil has won more World Cups than any other country </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2002 in Japan & Korea </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1994 in USA </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1970 in Mexico </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1962 in Chile </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1958 in Chile </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Culture <ul><li>Brazilians have the ability to look on the bright side of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilians are enterprising, there are several success histories of small bussiness. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilians are very hard workers and they focus on quality. </li></ul><ul><li>Professionals work 60 hours per week to attedn the market demand. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilians love to be around people and are very friendly. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilians love to get together with family and friends. </li></ul><ul><li>Huges and kisses are friendship demonstrations. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The Learning Process in Brazil is by group discussions and debates. </li></ul><ul><li>Reason why Brazilians are considered ADD in the American Education System. </li></ul><ul><li>Advise Brazilian students to get as many certificates as possible for better job </li></ul><ul><li>opportunities upon their return. </li></ul><ul><li>- Brazilians value education and like to study hard to have good grades. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilians are very interested in Art, Music, Techonology, Business, and Human </li></ul><ul><li>Relations. </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas , New Years Eve and Carnaval are the most important and fun holidays for </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilians. </li></ul><ul><li>Since this is a group culture, it is important that you do not do anything to embarrass a Brazilian. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Expect questions about your company since Brazilians are more comfortable doing business with people and companies they know. </li></ul><ul><li>  Wait for your Brazilian colleagues to raise the business subject. Never rush the relationship- building time. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilians take time when negotiating. Do not rush them or appear impatient. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilians negotiate with people not companies. Do not change your negotiating team or you may have to start over from the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>In Sao Paulo and Brasilia it is important to arrive on time for meetings </li></ul><ul><li>If you are invited to a Brazilian's house:  Arrive at least 30 minutes late if the invitation is for dinner.   Arrive up to an hour late for a party or large gathering. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Brazilians need to know who they are doing business with before they can work effectively. </li></ul><ul><li>  Brazilians prefer face-to-face meetings to written communication as it allows them to know the person with whom they are doing business. </li></ul><ul><li>Criticizing an individual causes that person to lose face with the others in the meeting. </li></ul><ul><li>The person making the criticism also loses face, as they have disobeyed the unwritten rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Communication is often informal and does not rely on strict rules of protocol. Anyone who feels they have something to say will generally add their opinion. </li></ul><ul><li>  It is considered acceptable to interrupt someone who is speaking. </li></ul><ul><li>Face-to-face, oral communication is preferred over written communication. At the same time, when it comes to business agreements, Brazilians insist on drawing up detailed legal contract. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Brazilians dress with a flair and judge others on their appearance. Casual dress is more formal than in many other countries. Always dress elegantly and prefer the over-dressing rather than under- dressing. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilians pride themselves on dressing well. </li></ul><ul><li>The family is the foundation of the social structure and forms the basis of stability for most people. </li></ul><ul><li>Families tend to be large (although family size has been diminishing in recent years) and the extended family is quite close. </li></ul><ul><li>The individual derives a social network and assistance in times of need from the family. </li></ul>
  19. 19. International Political Economy The International Political Economic scenario has changed and will face in the next few decades a major theme called BRIC, which is an acronym that refers to the fast growing development economies in the world of Brazil, Russia, India and China. Those countries will become a much larger force in the world economy than it is now and much larger than many investors currently expect. Goldman Sachs oversees that there are strong indications that the &quot;four BRIC countries have been seeking to form a political club&quot; or &quot;alliance&quot;, and thereby converting &quot;their growing economic power into greater geopolitical clout” as an indication of it is the BRIC Summit meeting in 2008 where the agenda was nuclear deal, finances and financial security, tourism, culture and fighting drug trafficking.
  20. 20. Brazil – Corporate Social Responsability Model There is no doubt that Brazil will be a super economic power in the near future, what is the most impressive numbers related to Brazil business is the number of companies and organizations working under the Corporate Social Responsibility economic development business practices, which is an ethic relationship between the corporations and community. The model aims that each corporation share their economic and development goals to all involved parts with the intention to assure that natural resources and culture issues are preserved and also to promote diversity and an equal society. 70 % of Brazil’s population is involved in volunteer projects.
  21. 21. Mercosul (Southern Common Market) was created by Assunción Treaty in 1991 and is is the 2nd largest customs union in the world after the European Union. Mercosul allows a commom external tariff and a free movement of capital, labor, tourism and services between Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile , Paraguay and Uruguay The Brazilian market is 70% of Mercosul Brazil’s GDP growth rate averages 3.6% and the size of Brazil’s economy will overtake Italy by 2025; France by 2031; UK and Germany by 2036.
  22. 22. <ul><li>The Ranking today in Purchasing Power Parity is USA, China, Japan, Germany </li></ul><ul><li>and Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil”s PIB (GDP) represents 42% of all South America. </li></ul><ul><li>Our main importers are : USA, Germany, Japan, Italy, France and UK. </li></ul><ul><li>- Brazil exports to the following markets: </li></ul><ul><li>31% to The European Market. </li></ul><ul><li>20% to USA </li></ul><ul><li>17% to variety of smaller markets </li></ul><ul><li>12% to Asia </li></ul><ul><li>10% to Mercosul. </li></ul><ul><li>10% to Latin America (no Mercosul). </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Brazil is......... </li></ul><ul><li>The largest coffee producer in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The largest exporter of coffee and orange juice. </li></ul><ul><li>The largest area of wetlands in the world – Pantanal </li></ul><ul><li>The largest tropical forest in the world </li></ul><ul><li>The largest cinema audiences in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>- The first nation to use alternatives fuels such as Alcohol and Ethanol </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Brazil is......... </li></ul><ul><li>The 2nd largest coastline country in the world (7491 km/4682 mi) </li></ul><ul><li>The 2nd largest executives jets and helicopters market. </li></ul><ul><li>The 2nd largest Microwave ovens consumer. </li></ul><ul><li>The 2nd largest cell phone market (650 mil new lines per month). </li></ul><ul><li>The 2nd largest fax machines consumer. </li></ul><ul><li>The 2nd largest diving and mountaineering equipments consumer. </li></ul><ul><li>The 2nd largest iron ore producer. </li></ul><ul><li>The 2nd largest cookies consumer </li></ul><ul><li>The 2nd largest number of cattle in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The 2nd largest producer of soybeans, cocoa, and tin. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>The 3rd largest corn and bauxite producer (aluminum). </li></ul><ul><li>The 3rd largest soda consumer. </li></ul><ul><li>The 4th largest beer consumer. </li></ul><ul><li>-The 4th largest refrigerator consumer. </li></ul><ul><li>-The 4th largest washing machine consumer. </li></ul><ul><li>The 5th largest musical CD consumer.( US$ 1,2 billion) </li></ul><ul><li>The 5th largest number of installed phone lines. </li></ul><ul><li>The 5th largest country in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The 6th most populated country in the world </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>During the last 5 years, Brazil has increased production of the following: </li></ul><ul><li>859% in diapers. </li></ul><ul><li>369% in cakes. </li></ul><ul><li>310% in cat food. </li></ul><ul><li>282% in flavor milk. </li></ul><ul><li>273% in dog food. </li></ul><ul><li>219% in milk pasterization. </li></ul><ul><li>201% in pasta. </li></ul><ul><li>176% cereals. </li></ul><ul><li>116% frozen meat. </li></ul><ul><li>81 % mineral water. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Contact Information Noeli Piccoli Biggs Richland College International Programs and Partnerships Coordinator 12800 Abrams Road Dallas – Texas - USA 75243 Phone: 972.860.5101 Fax : 972.907.9837 Email: [email_address] Skype: Noeli Piccoli Biggs