Access to Communication and Technology (ACT) presentation by Lynne Allsopp
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Access to Communication and Technology (ACT) presentation by Lynne Allsopp Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Changing role of OT: “E”nabling Lynne Allsopp Highly Specialist Occupational Therapist Access to Communication and Technology, West Midlands Rehabilitation Centre
  • 2. ACT•  Regional NHS Tertiary Assistive Technology Service: all ages and conditions•  Mission statement –  To work with patients/clients and their local teams to assess and provide techniques and technologies which optimise the potential for communication and control –  Staff: OT, SLT, Clinical Scientists, Workshop team, Administrators: about 30+ people•  Other teams in UK are similar but each is unique
  • 3. Starter for 10!•  Do you/how do you use the internet in your current practice?•  Where would you look on the web for OT resources?•  Have you ever communicated with a OT colleague online (except email!)?•  Have you ever “e”nabled a client, i.e. used a computer based occupation?
  • 4. Professional resourcesOT/As: knowledge sharing, developing resources, publicity and marketing, “lean” working
  • 5. Occupational MediaADL: shopping, bankingSocial activities: dating, connecting with friendsEducation/support: courses, peer support groupsPolitical/self advocacy: digital petitions, consultations, comments, emailsLeisure occupations: music and video, gamesOnline work and volunteeringCreative activities: writing, artwork, photography
  • 6. Occupational MediaComputers play a part on almost every area of our daily lives in one form or another (Blain, McKeever, & Chau, 2010)Chard (2007) acknowledges emailing, playing games online, editing pictures or music on a computer are some of the arts and crafts of our age
  • 7. Digital InclusionA recent BBC World Service poll found that almost four in five people around the world believe that access to the internet is a fundamental right (BBC 2010).In Finland access to the internet is a legal right (CNN 2009).
  • 8. Digital Divide“The gap between those who have access to, and use and control of the internet and digital media; and those who do not” (Goldfarb & Prince, 2008; Smedema & McKenzie, 2010).
  • 9. AccessibilityThe internet has been proposed as a liberating space for people who in offline life face many disabling barriers (Childers & Kaufman-Scarborough, 2009; Dobransky & Hargittai 2006; Guo, Bricout & Huang 2005)
  • 10. Accessible? (DRC 2004) I have troubleI can’t afford it I don’t want to be a using a mouse victim of identity and keyboard theft I need help to understand how to I have a I don’t know do new things sensory what you can impairment do on a computer!I have no idea how I’m not good to use a computer with technology, I might break it!
  • 11. I have trouble using a keyboard and mouse•  Customisation•  Alternative Input•  Software
  • 12. Computer Customisation•  Simple modifications available on the computer to make access easier.•  Mouse, Display and Accessibility Options can be adjusted Windows and Mac operating systems
  • 13. Computer Customisation•  Display Settings•  Keyboard Settings•  Mouse Settings•  AccessibilityThis varies between operating systems and also between Windows and Mac.
  • 14. Customisation: Keyboard•  Adjust key repeat rate•  Filter out unwanted key presses•  Sticky keys- will automatically hold Shift, Alt or Control keys down•  Keyboard shortcuts
  • 15. Customisation: Windows Accessibility OptionsHolds down Shift,Control, Alt orWindows key forone press to remove Helps to reduceneed for holding a number ofkey down. accidental key pressesOtherAccessibilityoptions areuseful.
  • 16. Customisation: Mouse Switch left and right buttons over Adjust the double click speedClick Lock willhold down themouse buttonwhile user dragscurser acrossscreen BUTTONS
  • 17. Customisation: Mouse Can alsoChange the importpointer newschemes cursorsfrom list e.g. Priory Woods POINTERS
  • 18. Customisation: MouseAdjust sensitivityof the mousecurser Snap to points on the screen automaticallyHelps to locatemouse curseron screen
  • 19. Customisation: Mouse•  Adjustment of the Mouse and Trackpad•  Assignable Mouse Buttons
  • 20. Customisation: Windows Accessibility OptionsAlso access Magnifier, Narrator & OnScreen Keyboard through menus
  • 21. Accessibility Options•  Voice Recognition•  Screen Reader•  Screen Magnification
  • 22. Accessibility Options•  On screen keyboards
  • 23. Input to the computerWhat is an input to the computer??•  Mouse•  Keyboard•  Something to control what you want to do on computer•  Maybe start with wireless
  • 24. Alternative Inputs to the computerPhysical Access•  Mouse/ Cursor Control –  Glide pad - USB –  Tracker ball –  Joystick –  Head mouse –  Eye Gaze –  Integra Mouse –  USB Finger Mouse
  • 25. Alternative Inputs to the computerPhysical Access•  Mouse/ Cursor Control –  Glide pad - USB –  Tracker ball –  Joystick –  Head mouse –  Eye Gaze –  Integra Mouse –  USB Finger Mouse
  • 26. Alternative Inputs to the computerPhysical Access•  Keyboard –  Key guard, –  Single hand keyboard –  Keyboard size•  Alternative to mouse / keyboard –  Switches, On-screen keyboard –  Touch screen –  Communication Aid
  • 27. Alternative Inputs to the computerPhysical AccessVoice•  Voice recognition software
  • 28. Computer Access: Software•  Freeware –  On Screen Keyboards –  Mouse Click Emulators –  Dwell Click –  Auto Hot Keys –  Steady mouse –  Mouse Wrap
  • 29. Access to the computer: Switchesi.e. bypassing the mouse and keyboard completely•  Attaching them to PC: –  Joy Cable, Crick box –  Switch driver
  • 30. What next?Page turners…… eReaders
  • 31. More possibilities…•  Texting via the computer•  Environmental control•  Communication
  • 32. Further Training•  Local Resources•  Ability Net – Skill sheets and fact sheets•  ITCH•  RNIB•  Aidis Trust
  • 33. Practical next steps•  Go and play on your computer!•  How you use a computer in your personal life?•  How you use a computer in your work life?•  Reflect: what are my concerns?•  Discuss in your teams•  Find out about local IT training services•  Research relevant charities
  • 34.
  • 35. References & Resources••••••••••••
  • 36. ReferencesBlain, S., McKeever, P. & Chau, T. (2010) Bedside computer access for an individual with severe and multiple disabilities: A case study. Disability and rehabilitation. Assistive technology. Early Online 1-11Chard, D. (2007) Computer games and karate: the arts and crafts of today. British Journal of Occupational Therapy. 70 (8) 329Childers, T. & Kaufman-Scarborough, C. (2009) Expanding opportunities for online shoppers with disabilities. Journal of Business Research. 62 (5) 572-578Disability Rights Commission (2004) The web: access and inclusion for disabled people. Available online at: Accessed 14/05/2010Dobransky, K. & Hargittai, E. (2006) ‘The disability divide in Internet access and use’, Information, Communication & Society, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 313–334.CNN Fast Internet access becomes a legal right in Finland. Accessed 14/05/10BBC. Four in Five Regard Internet Access as a Fundamental Right: Global Poll Accessed 15/05/2010Goldfarb, A. & Prince, J. (2008) Internet adoption and usage patterns are different: Implications for the digital divide. Information Economics and Policy. 20 (1) 2-15Smedema, S. & McKenzie, A.(2010) The relationship among frequency and type of internet use, perceived social support, and sense of well-being in individuals with visual impairments. Disability and rehabilitation. 32 (4) 317-25
  • 37. Contact me•