12,500 Hopi people, about 8,000 living on 1.6 million acre reservation in northern Arizona in Coconino and Navajo counties. The other 4,500 Hopi live in Phoenix, Flagstaff and various border towns near the reservation. The Hopi live in 12 villages spread out across the three Hopi Mesas. The Village of Oraibi was founded somewhere between 950 and 1,000 years ago – probably as a consolidation of several other Hopi villages already existing in the area.
Hopi Reservation located in remote Northern Arizona. Surrounded by Navajo Nation’s Reservation. Tribal headquarters 90 miles from Flagstaff. Located off the beaten path, little opportunity for diverse economy and no real tax base Subsistence farming – corn, beans, squash and peaches.
Hopi and federal geologic studies have identified the likely extent of the reservation coal resource.
United States acts as trustee of Hopi assets to protect possession and ensure that tribe receives economic benefit of the asset. Trust resources intended to fund tribal economic development and underwrite development of Tribal Homeland. United states must consider trust responsibility to tribes when carrying out its environmental regulatory responsibilities.
Hopi entered into coal lease with the predecessor of Peabody Coal Company in 1966. The lease provided for an initial 200 million tons. Amended in 1987 to add an additional 180 million tons. Coal dedicated to two coal fired generating plants 1580 MW Mohave at Laughlin Nevada and 2280 MW Navajo at Page AZ. Until 2005 MGS bought 4.5 MM tons Closed in 2005 by court order. Tribe lost 6.5 million in annual revenues. NGS continues to buy about 8 million tons annually. Off reservation market access requires rail line
Hopi lost an escalating revenue stream when it lost MGS. Millions of dollars in bonuses paid for education scholarships were also lost. Perhaps most importantly, Hopi lost investment dollars economic development and economic diversity
Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) Technology The Hopi government uses these dollars to hire Hopi people to carry out the day to day work of Tribal government. These dollars support Hopi individuals and families as they work to pay the bills and make a life for themselves within their homeland.
Low Nox about $50 million with ½ deciview improvement in visibility - albeit not perceptible to the human eye SCR about $700 million with ¼ deciview additional improvement over low nox
EPA’s NGS rulemaking must allow a transitional glide path for NGS in order for there to be economic stability for the Hopi and Navajo Tribes
The national and state approach to environmental regulation should be based both on the prevailing science and on rules of common sense and reason that account for the impacts of regulatory controls on individuals and communities