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PBL Project Plan

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  • 1. PROJECT OVERVIEWName of Project: CELEBRITY SYNTHETIC CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS – BOON OR BANE? Duration: 8 weeksSubject/Course: Chemistry Teacher(s): E. Racela Grade Level: 11th and 12thOther subject areas to Mathematics, Environmental Science, Biologybe included, if any:Project Idea Students will collaborate to explore samples of synthetic chemical compounds and make arguments as to whether theSummary of the issue, discovery and production of such is a boon or bane to themselves, to the community, and to society as a whole. Theychallenge, investigation, will be exposed to the idea that in our quests to improve human well being such as mitigating health and environmentalscenario, or problem: problems, producing better materials for industrial purposes and finding substitutes to dwindling natural resources, the production of many synthetic chemical compounds by chemists have contributed to remarkable prosperity. Unexpectedly, new arrays of dreadful health and environmental issues have arose.Driving Question HOW DO SYNTHETIC CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IMPACT YOUR BODY, YOUR COMMUNITY AND YOUR ENVIRONMENT?Content and Skills Analyze a science-based societal issue by researching the literature, analyzing data, andStandards to be communicating findings.addressed: Formulate explanations by using logic and evidence. Students know how to use the periodic table to identify metals, semi metals, nonmetals, and halogens. Students know how to use the periodic table to identify alkali metals, alkaline earth metals and transition metals, trends in ionization energy, electronegativity, and the relative sizes of ions and atoms. Students know atoms combine to form molecules by sharing electrons to form covalent or metallic bonds or by exchanging electrons to form ionic bonds. Students know how to describe chemical reactions by writing balanced equations. Students know the bonding characteristics of carbon that result in the formation of a large variety of structures ranging from simple hydrocarbons to complex polymers and biological molecules. © 2008 Buck Institute for Education 1
  • 2. Students know how to identify the functional groups that form the basis of alcohols, ketones, ethers, amines, esters, aldehydes, and organic acids. T+A E T+A E21st Century Skills Collaboration Other:to be explicitly taught and Students work collaboratively to acquire information xassessed (T+A) or that from electronic sources (online research), thenwill be encouraged (E) by evaluate information gathered as to usefulness,project work, but not comprehensiveness, and validity.taught or assessed: Presentation x Students collaborate to create electronic products and posters which are communicated to multiple audiences. Critical Thinking: x Students engage in critical thinking processes by investigating, analyzing and drawing conclusions (based on data gathered) about a science-based societal issue. Presentation Audience: Group: The final products will be: 1) a media presentation and 2) a poster of a “controversial”Culminating synthetic chemical compound created by each group of students based on their research. Class:Products andPerformances School: Community: Metal, Metalloid or Nonmetal Lab Report Experts: Individual: Foldable to Differentiate Alkali Metals, Alkaline Earth Metals and Transition Web: Metals Ionic Versus Covalent Bond Lab Report Other: Balancing Chemical Equations Worksheet © 2008 Buck Institute for Education 2
  • 3. PROJECT OVERVIEWEntry event to Students will be given news clippings/you tubes of sample “controversial” or “celebrity” synthetic chemicallaunch inquiry, compounds such as plastics, pesticides, POPs, and CFCs. They will be exposed to the idea that scientific andengage students: technological breakthroughs in the synthesis and production of these compounds have contributed to remarkable prosperity on one hand, but on the other hand, new arrays of unexpected dreadful health problems. They will then be given a chance to explore other synthetic chemical compounds they encounter and even use frequently. They will be made to choose a synthetic material that interest them most. By groups (based on their interests), the students will do an extensive research on the compound of their choice. Basic information that they would gather about their compound are the following: 1) common and chemical name; 2) formula; 3) chemical structure; 4) something important about their substance (why they chose it); 5) some history about its origin; 6) how it is made (industrial process supported with pictures, chemical equations, diagrams, explanations, etc); 7) benefits gained from the synthesis of the substance; 8) harmful effects/disadvantages of using it; and 9) safety concerns associated with its use.Assessments Quizzes/Tests x Practice Presentations Formative Assessments Journal/Learning Log Notes x (During Project) Preliminary Plans/Outlines/Prototypes x Checklists Rough Drafts x Concept Maps Online Tests/Exams Other: Written Product(s), with rubric: x Other Product(s) or Performance(s), with rubric: Summative __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Assessments (End of Project) Oral Presentation, with rubric x Peer Evaluation x Multiple Choice/Short Answer Test Self-Evaluation x Essay Test x Other: . © 2008 Buck Institute for Education 3
  • 4. Resources On-site people, facilities: Classroom teacher, Collaborating teacherNeeded Equipment: Laptop Cart, LCD, Printer, Materials/Technology: Lab Materials such as different metal samples, conductivity tester, glass wares, colored paper, lab notebook, internet access Community resources: Environmentalist and Medical Practitioner if possible to attend presentations.Reflection Journal/Learning Log Focus Group xMethods (Individual, Group, and/or Whole-Class Discussion x Fishbowl Discussion Whole Class) Survey Other: Self reflection using a rubric x © 2008 Buck Institute for Education 4
  • 5. PROJECT TEACHING AND LEARNING GUIDEProject: Course/Semester: Knowledge and Skills Needed By Students Scaffolding / Materials/ Lessons To Be Provided to successfully complete culminating products and by the project teacher, other teachers, experts, performances, and do well on summative assessments mentors, or community membersOn line research skills Suggested websites that could help students identify the synthetic chemical compound they are going to work on.Evaluating the appropriateness of websites to be used Criteria to use in selecting the topic.  Effective search (engine) techniques activity led by teacher.Preparing PowerPoint/ iMovie Presentations Instruction on software use. Peer tutoring. Presentation Skills Video review of student presentations Mock presentation by instructor  Jigsaw activity to learn presentation rubric Peer assessment (using rubric) of practice presentations.Report Writing Direct small-group instruction on the features of report writing by instructor. Peer critiquing Peer editing of drafts  Final draft editing by teacher. Jigsaw activity to learn report writing rubric.Project: Start Date: © 2008 Buck Institute for Education 5
  • 6. MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY Project Week OneTeacher explains Teacher shows Online search for Identifying the Lab activity onthe PBL project, sample synthetic the “celebrity” elements that physical and the material projects synthetic compose the chemical requirements, – videos, posters chemicals that synthetic properties of timeline and and power points interest students compound and metals and non assessment that students did and group classifying them metals. procedures. in the past. assignments as metals, semi based on metals or interest. nonmetals. Project Week TwoOnline search of Differentiating Quiz on periodic Lab on Law of Classifyingthe physical and ionic and table trends and Conservation of chemicalchemical covalent bonds chemical Mass reactions andproperties of the and illustrating bonding. balancingchosen topic and them using chemicalrelating such to molecular equationsPeriodic Table models.trends. Project Week Three © 2008 Buck Institute for Education 6
  • 7. On line search on Lab on Types of On line search on Quiz on writing Online search onhow the Chemical the importance/ and balancing the harmfulsynthetic Reactions uses of the chemical effects of thematerial was synthetic equations. syntheticmade and chemical material. Explainexplaining the compound. through chemicalchemical Finding the equations howreactions correlation the substanceinvolved in their between could besynthesis. structure and hazardous. function. Project Week Four Organizing the Complete Putting together Critique of first Finalizing the data gathered research on line the project – draft by project and about the – facts, images, movie, power classmates using planning for the compound and pictures, point, poster. a rubric presentationplanning how to diagrams, do the final project., i.e. movie, powerpoint or poster. © 2008 Buck Institute for Education 7
  • 8. © 2008 Buck Institute for Education 8