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Nano technology and asthma
Nano technology and asthma
Nano technology and asthma
Nano technology and asthma
Nano technology and asthma
Nano technology and asthma
Nano technology and asthma
Nano technology and asthma
Nano technology and asthma
Nano technology and asthma
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Nano technology and asthma

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  • 1. Nano technology and asthma Eman abd el-raouf ahmed Immunology department
  • 2. The content
  • 3. People With Asthma Could Breathe Easier Anywhere With Nano-Sensor That Could Indicate Oncoming Attacks and Help Monitor Symptoms Portable, affordable nanotube sensor detects spikes in nitric oxide before an attack's onset, Pitt researchers report in journal "Nanotechnology
  • 4. PITTSBURGH-A sensor developed at the University of Pittsburgh could strip the element of surprise from some asthma attacks by detecting one before its onset. Although the research is at an early stage, if fitted in a hand-held device, the tiny sensor could provide people who have asthma with a simple and affordable means of keeping tabs on their condition by measuring their breath for high levels of a specific gas associated with asthma inflammation
  • 5. Researchers led by Alexander Star, a chemistry professor in Pitt's School of Arts and Sciences, created a sensor reactive to even minute amounts of nitric oxide, a gas prevalent in the breath of asthmatics, as they describe in the Aug. 22 online edition of the journal "Nanotechnology." Star also will present his research at the American Chemical Society's 234th National Meeting slated for Aug. 19-23 in Boston.
  • 6. The sensor consists of a carbon nanotube-a rolled, one-atom thick sheet of graphite 100,000 times smaller than a human hair-coated with a polyethylene imine polymer. Star performed his work on the Nanomix Sensation(TM) nano-electronic detection platform developed by Nanomix, Inc (www.nano.com). Nanomix is a leading nanoelectronic detection company launching detection devices based on Sensation(TM) technology, which uses carbon nanotube detection elements combined with proprietary chemistries. The small, low-power, and ultra-sensitive technology offers significant performance advantages and unprecedented access to critical information when deployed in respiratory and biodetection devices.
  • 7. If completed, the sensor would be cased in a hand-held device that people blow into to determine the nitric oxide content of their breath. The nitric oxide level in the breath of a person with asthma spikes as the airways grow more inflamed. High levels-perhaps two-thirds over normal-may precede an attack by one to three weeks, but possibly earlier depending on the asthma's
  • 8. Besides detecting attacks early on, the device also could provide an easy, portable method for patients and their doctors to regularly monitor their symptoms and tailor treatment accordingly, Sethi said. Physicians use nitric oxide readings to help diagnose and gauge the severity of asthma, but the current method of measuring it requires expensive machines available only in outpatient clinics, Sethi said. This invention could allow people with asthma to watch their nitric oxide levels as easily as people with diabetes check their blood sugar with hand-held glucose monitors, Sethi said. Star specializes in using carbon nanotubes-which were widely introduced to science in the early 1990s-as chemical sensors and in hydrogen fuel cells. In the case of sensors, a nanotube's extreme thinness renders it extremely sensitive to small changes in their chemical environment, which makes for an excellent detector, Star said.
  • 9. References: sensor-nano-asthma-http://www.news.pitt.edu/news/Star 980asthma/-detecting-www.insidescience.org/content/cellphoneshttp:// .html2013www.susnano.org/plenarieshttp:// .html197826664phys.org/newshttp://

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