The counterculture of the 1960’s refers to a cultural protest movement that developed in the United States in opposition to political conservatism and perceived social repression that prevailed during the 1950s.
The movement gained momentum during the U.S. government's extensive military intervention in Vietnam.
Give Peace A Chance
The Peace Sign became the well-known symbol of the counterculture era.
As the 1960s progressed, tension developed regarding the war in Vietnam, race relations, sexual values, women's rights, traditional modes of authority, experimentation with psychedelic drugs and interpretations of the American Dream regarding consumerism.
The “British Invasion”
New cultural forms emerged, including the pop music of the British band The Beatles, which rapidly evolved to shape and reflect the youth culture's emphasis on change and experimentation.
Tie-dye is a process of dyeing textiles or clothing which is made from knit or woven fabric, usually cotton; typically using bright colors.
Tie-dying became fashionable in the late 1960s & early 1970s as part of hippie style.
It was popularized in the U.S. by musicians such as John Sebastian and Janis Joplin.
Batik is a cloth (muslin) which traditionally uses a manual wax-resist dyeing technique. The practice originated in Indonesia.
Melted beeswax and paraffin wax are applied to cloth before being dipped in dye. Wherever the wax has seeped through the fabric, the dye will not penetrate. Sometimes several colors are used, with a series of dyeing, drying and waxing steps.
After the last dyeing, the fabric is hung up to dry. Then it is ironed between paper towels to absorb the wax or boiled to melt wax. This reveals the deep rich colors and the fine crinkle lines that give batik its character.
Batik: Care Tips
Hand wash, or best just soak the cloth
Use very little detergent
Hang the batik directly, do not squeeze the cloth
The iron should not directly touch the cloth, best to use a steam iron