Journalism II definitions

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Journalism II definitions

  1. 1. Journalism IIDefinitions Project<br />By Erin Tieman<br />
  2. 2. ADD - material to be added to a news story, usually with “first” or “second” in a slug line<br />
  3. 3. AIR – white space<br />
  4. 4. LOWERCASE – small letter as distinguished from a capital letter<br />ALIGN – to place adjacent to an even baseline on a horizontal plane<br />GUTTER – long, unbroken space between two columns of type<br />
  5. 5. ATTRIBUTION – source of the material in a story<br />
  6. 6. AP – short for Associated Pres. A major news agency<br />BREAK OVER or JUMP, – story that jumps from one page to another<br />JUMP LINES – continuation lines: continued on page 4<br />
  7. 7. BAD BREAK – bad phrasing of a headline; bad wrapping of headline type<br />
  8. 8. BANNER or RIBBON – usually a headline stretching across all columns of a newspaper<br />WIDOW – one or two words appearing at the end of a paragraph and on the last line<br />
  9. 9. BARKER or HAMMER – reversed kicker in which the kicker is in larger type than the lines below it.<br />
  10. 10. BLANKET HEAD – headline over several columns of type and/or illustrations<br />
  11. 11. CLOSEUP or HEADSHOT – photo showing head or head and shoulders of an object seen at close range<br />BLEED – running an illustration off the page<br />
  12. 12. BLOOPER – any embarrassing error in print (not a typo)<br />
  13. 13. BOLDFACE – type that is blacker than normal typeface<br />ITALICS – slanted letter form, abbreviated itals.<br />
  14. 14. BOX – unit of type enclosed by a border<br />
  15. 15. BRACE – type of layout with a banner headline and the story in the right-hand column<br />LEAD – the beginning paragraph or paragraphs of a story<br />
  16. 16. BREAK – point at which the story turns from one column to another<br />
  17. 17. BROKEN HEADS – headlines with lines of different widths<br />
  18. 18. BULLETS – larges periods used for decoration, usually at the beginning of paragraphs<br />
  19. 19. BUMPER or TOMBSTONE – two elements placed side by side, also called a Tombstone when it refers to headlines<br />
  20. 20. BYLINE – credit given in print to the article’s author<br />
  21. 21. CANNNED COPY – copy released by syndicate<br />
  22. 22. CAPS – short for capital or uppercase letters<br />STANDALONE – a photo without an accompanying story<br />
  23. 23. CAPTION or CUTLINE –explanatory material, usually placed beneath a picture <br />
  24. 24. CENTER SPREAD or DOUBLE TRUCK – two facing pages made up as one in the center of a newspaper section<br />SPREAD – story predominately displayed often over several columns and with art<br />
  25. 25. CENTERED – placed in the middle of a line<br />DROPOUT – a subsidiary headline<br />
  26. 26. COL. – abbreviation for column <br />
  27. 27. RUNAROUND – method of setting type to run around a picture<br />COLUMN INCH – unit of space measurement: one column wide and one inch deep<br />
  28. 28. CROSSLINE – headline composed of a single line<br />
  29. 29. DASH – short line separating parts of headlines or headline and story<br />
  30. 30. DECK – section of a headline<br />DATELINE – opening phrase of story showing origin, source, and sometimes date of the story<br />
  31. 31. DUMMY – diagram outlining the makeup scheme<br />
  32. 32. DUTCH WRAP – breaking body type from one column to another not covered by the display line [raw wrap]<br />
  33. 33. EARS – small box on one or both sides of the nameplate carrying brief announcements of weather or circulation, etc.<br />
  34. 34. EDITION – one of several press runs<br />
  35. 35. ENDMARK – symbol used to indicate the close of a story, such as 30 or #.<br />
  36. 36. EYEBROW or KICKER – smaller headline over a headline over a headline<br />
  37. 37. FEATURE – a story that stresses a human-interest angle<br />
  38. 38. FLAG or NAMEPLATE – title of paper appearing on page 1<br />
  39. 39. FLUSH – even with the column margin. Type aligned on one side.<br />
  40. 40. FOLIO – line showing the newspaper’s name, date, and page number<br />OP ED – page opposite the editorial page<br />
  41. 41. HAIRLINE – finest line available in printing; often used between to columns of type<br />
  42. 42. HALFTONE – a photoengraving: a dot pattern that gives the illusion of tones<br />
  43. 43. HANGER – a headline that descends from a banner<br />
  44. 44. HANGING INDENT – headline style in which the top line is set flush left and subsequent lines are indented from the left.<br />
  45. 45. INDEX – newspaper’s table of contents, usually found on page one<br />
  46. 46. INITIAL – (initial cap) first letter of a paragraph set in type larger than the body type<br />
  47. 47. JUMPHEAD – headline over the continued portion of a story<br />RUNOVER, JUMP STORY, or TURN STORY – portion of a story that continues from one page to the next<br />
  48. 48. JUSTIFY – spacing out a line of type to fill the column<br />
  49. 49. LEADING – the space between lines of type<br />
  50. 50. LINECUT – Illustrations without tones, used for maps and charts<br />
  51. 51. MASTHEAD – informational material about a newspaper, usually placed on the editorial page<br />
  52. 52. NEWSPRINT – low-quality paper used to print newspapers<br />
  53. 53. OBIT – abbreviation for obituary<br />
  54. 54. POINT – unit of printing measurement, approx. 1/72 of an inch<br />
  55. 55. RIVERS – streaks of white space within typeset columns caused by excessive word spacing or letter spacing<br />
  56. 56. ROP – run of paper. Ads that my appear anywhere in several editions of the paper<br />ROPROP:                      run of the paper.  Ads that may appear anywhere in several editions of the paper<br />
  57. 57. RULES – any line that is printed.<br />
  58. 58. SERIFS – the fine cross strokes at the top and bottom of most styles of letters<br />
  59. 59. SIDEBAR – brief story with a special angle that goes with a more important story<br />
  60. 60. SKYLINE – headline across the top of a page over the nameplate<br />
  61. 61. STANDING BOX - type box kept on hand for repeated use<br />
  62. 62. SUBHEAD – one- or two-line head used within the body of a story in type<br />
  63. 63. TABLOID – newspaper format usually four or five columns wide and about 14 inches deep<br />
  64. 64. THUMBNAIL – half-column portrait<br />
  65. 65. TYPO – short for typographical error (not a blooper)<br />typoTypo:                      short for typographical error (not a blooper)<br />

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