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Journalism II definitions

Journalism II definitions






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    Journalism II definitions Journalism II definitions Presentation Transcript

    • Journalism IIDefinitions Project
      By Erin Tieman
    • ADD - material to be added to a news story, usually with “first” or “second” in a slug line
    • AIR – white space
    • LOWERCASE – small letter as distinguished from a capital letter
      ALIGN – to place adjacent to an even baseline on a horizontal plane
      GUTTER – long, unbroken space between two columns of type
    • ATTRIBUTION – source of the material in a story
    • AP – short for Associated Pres. A major news agency
      BREAK OVER or JUMP, – story that jumps from one page to another
      JUMP LINES – continuation lines: continued on page 4
    • BAD BREAK – bad phrasing of a headline; bad wrapping of headline type
    • BANNER or RIBBON – usually a headline stretching across all columns of a newspaper
      WIDOW – one or two words appearing at the end of a paragraph and on the last line
    • BARKER or HAMMER – reversed kicker in which the kicker is in larger type than the lines below it.
    • BLANKET HEAD – headline over several columns of type and/or illustrations
    • CLOSEUP or HEADSHOT – photo showing head or head and shoulders of an object seen at close range
      BLEED – running an illustration off the page
    • BLOOPER – any embarrassing error in print (not a typo)
    • BOLDFACE – type that is blacker than normal typeface
      ITALICS – slanted letter form, abbreviated itals.
    • BOX – unit of type enclosed by a border
    • BRACE – type of layout with a banner headline and the story in the right-hand column
      LEAD – the beginning paragraph or paragraphs of a story
    • BREAK – point at which the story turns from one column to another
    • BROKEN HEADS – headlines with lines of different widths
    • BULLETS – larges periods used for decoration, usually at the beginning of paragraphs
    • BUMPER or TOMBSTONE – two elements placed side by side, also called a Tombstone when it refers to headlines
    • BYLINE – credit given in print to the article’s author
    • CANNNED COPY – copy released by syndicate
    • CAPS – short for capital or uppercase letters
      STANDALONE – a photo without an accompanying story
    • CAPTION or CUTLINE –explanatory material, usually placed beneath a picture
    • CENTER SPREAD or DOUBLE TRUCK – two facing pages made up as one in the center of a newspaper section
      SPREAD – story predominately displayed often over several columns and with art
    • CENTERED – placed in the middle of a line
      DROPOUT – a subsidiary headline
    • COL. – abbreviation for column
    • RUNAROUND – method of setting type to run around a picture
      COLUMN INCH – unit of space measurement: one column wide and one inch deep
    • CROSSLINE – headline composed of a single line
    • DASH – short line separating parts of headlines or headline and story
    • DECK – section of a headline
      DATELINE – opening phrase of story showing origin, source, and sometimes date of the story
    • DUMMY – diagram outlining the makeup scheme
    • DUTCH WRAP – breaking body type from one column to another not covered by the display line [raw wrap]
    • EARS – small box on one or both sides of the nameplate carrying brief announcements of weather or circulation, etc.
    • EDITION – one of several press runs
    • ENDMARK – symbol used to indicate the close of a story, such as 30 or #.
    • EYEBROW or KICKER – smaller headline over a headline over a headline
    • FEATURE – a story that stresses a human-interest angle
    • FLAG or NAMEPLATE – title of paper appearing on page 1
    • FLUSH – even with the column margin. Type aligned on one side.
    • FOLIO – line showing the newspaper’s name, date, and page number
      OP ED – page opposite the editorial page
    • HAIRLINE – finest line available in printing; often used between to columns of type
    • HALFTONE – a photoengraving: a dot pattern that gives the illusion of tones
    • HANGER – a headline that descends from a banner
    • HANGING INDENT – headline style in which the top line is set flush left and subsequent lines are indented from the left.
    • INDEX – newspaper’s table of contents, usually found on page one
    • INITIAL – (initial cap) first letter of a paragraph set in type larger than the body type
    • JUMPHEAD – headline over the continued portion of a story
      RUNOVER, JUMP STORY, or TURN STORY – portion of a story that continues from one page to the next
    • JUSTIFY – spacing out a line of type to fill the column
    • LEADING – the space between lines of type
    • LINECUT – Illustrations without tones, used for maps and charts
    • MASTHEAD – informational material about a newspaper, usually placed on the editorial page
    • NEWSPRINT – low-quality paper used to print newspapers
    • OBIT – abbreviation for obituary
    • POINT – unit of printing measurement, approx. 1/72 of an inch
    • RIVERS – streaks of white space within typeset columns caused by excessive word spacing or letter spacing
    • ROP – run of paper. Ads that my appear anywhere in several editions of the paper
      ROPROP:                      run of the paper.  Ads that may appear anywhere in several editions of the paper
    • RULES – any line that is printed.
    • SERIFS – the fine cross strokes at the top and bottom of most styles of letters
    • SIDEBAR – brief story with a special angle that goes with a more important story
    • SKYLINE – headline across the top of a page over the nameplate
    • STANDING BOX - type box kept on hand for repeated use
    • SUBHEAD – one- or two-line head used within the body of a story in type
    • TABLOID – newspaper format usually four or five columns wide and about 14 inches deep
    • THUMBNAIL – half-column portrait
    • TYPO – short for typographical error (not a blooper)
      typoTypo:                      short for typographical error (not a blooper)