Smart Grid


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Gopichand Smarter Energy Grid

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  • • GE is creating holistic solutions to accommodate decades of changing needs, not just the next few years • GE is preparing beyond projected demand – we are creating a scalable, flexible grid to last for generations GE is committed to optimizing the integration of our portfolio… including renewables and distributed generation • Our End-to-end thinking improves performance, reliability, security, demand and environmental impact GE thinks in terms of synergistic, packaged communicating solutions – not siloed products The grid of the future will have a heightened degree of complexity… Here’s what you can expect: • Grid reliability will continue to be challenged, as our current infrastructure has not kept pace with demand. With demand expected to more than double in the US by 2030, reliability will only get worse. • Power disturbances are expensive – Disturbances cost US economy over $100 billion per year – Utilities will likely start facing additional fines for reliability issues. • Distributed generators are projected to output 8 billion kilowatt-hours by 2020 – a capacity factor of about 5%. These technologies include diesel engines, internal combustion engines, micro-turbines, fuel cells, and renewable technologies such rooftop solar. (source: EIA) • 3.5 million plug-in hybrid cars are forecasted to be on the road by 2020 – Charging will require an additional 10Twh & Tax incentives of up to $7500 for PHEVs will likely accelerate growth . • The booming U.S. wind market is set to cross the 150 gigawatt mark by 2020, according to a report from market research firm Emerging Energy Research (EER). – 5.33 GW installed last year , – 8 GW currently under construction and planned for completion by the end of this year, EER says. • Wind growth will need to double that 2020 projection — a total of 300 gigawatts — to reach the goal of 20% wind generation called for by DOE – GE believes we have the wherewithall to do it • The potential DR market is defined in terms of Summer Peak Load Reduction in GW- The summer peak in 2020 is expected to be at 965GW and the it is projected that DR programs (realistic scenario) will offset the summer peak by 44 GW or 4.6% the industry will have to spend somewhere between $4.0 to $10.0B to accomplish this • We need the smart grid to clean up our act - Today, we as an industry are responsible for 40% of all US carbon emissions– With carbon taxes imminent, it’s important to improve the efficiency of our network and find a way to better integrate renewable power.
  • The most visible of the platform’s evolution recently is certainly the XLE model The XLE has nearly 100 units running globally with a couple more GWs coming in the next 2 years The XLE was designed and built on the success of the SLE by changing only what was needed to drive increased customer value through a 15% greater swept area resulting in 3pts of increased GCF at 8m/s The only components designed specifically for the XLE are the blades and the gearbox, everything else comes from the SLE and SE models so it’s reliability builds on the current fleet. We’ll continue to build on this model going forward by increasing the XLE’s reach into full TCIIb and extending it’s cutout. The result will be over 3pts of additional capacity factor at 8.5m/s while ensuring reliability and O&M at the same level as the SLE
  • GE’s CONDITIONED BASED MAINTENANCE (CBM) implementation plan builds upon the earlier 2007 development and implementation of the Electrical Simplification System (ESS) using the Mark VIe (6e) Controller …. Technology provided by GE’s Salem VA CONTROLS Center of Excellence. By building upon World-Class ESS Controls AND ADDING CBM’s Advanced Diagnostic capabilities … we are INCREASING value for both the customer and GE. CBM, to be launched in 2009, provides: 6 accelerometers, 1on MB, 3 on GB, 2 on GEN 40 years of experience; 90 units experience with Wind; since 2003 CBM+Mark VIe = Integrated into the existing fiber, switches and control system. Allows for seamlessly exchanging data between controller and 3701. In the way our Mark VIe brought together pitch and controller, CBM integrated brings more data together to add to the robustness of the picture. Example power is an input that goes into the CBM. Allows for simple alarms/data to flow into the SCADA system. Scales easier by adding accelerometers into the system. The M&D will monitor it all together and provide value add. FAG system alarmed at Cap Ridge and recommended replacing a bearing, through knowledge of our components we determined this was not needed, we greased the bearing and continue to monitor. We’re looking at what customer reports to provide The MULT-GENERATIONAL PRODUCT PLAN is to expand the advanced diagnostic capabilities of CBM over a timeline … The INTELLIGENT Wind Turbine will deliver increased customer value …
  • These are our areas of focus.  Clearly gas and oil for power generators would be thought to be our focus.  At the same time not all gas is the same, with the introduction of LNG, or oils and the range used in power gen.  Key for Russia is the second block as they look to monetized their hydrocarbon resources.  The use of waste streams, off gases or more difficult oils allows them to monetize commodities being exported.
  • Smart Grid

    1. 1. New Energy Priorities <ul><li>Gopichand Katragadda </li></ul><ul><li>GM, India Engineering Operations </li></ul><ul><li>GE Energy </li></ul>
    2. 2. Energy scenarios Oil and Energy Demand – pre-crisis GDP, existing regulations on light vehicles fuel efficiency, 14% EV share by 2020, existing regulations on energy productivity. Oil and Energy Demand – severe downturn, EU standards on light vehicles fuel efficiency for all oil importing countries, 25% EV share by 2020, existing regulations on energy productivity. Source: McKinsey Oil Demand: Scenario 1 Oil Demand: Scenario 2 Energy Demand: Scenario 1 Energy Demand: Scenario 2 Scenario 1 Scenario 2
    3. 3. Energy priorities <ul><li>Drivers: environmental and economical concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Priorities: lower pollutants, lower costs, higher efficiencies, quicker NPI, higher quality, global markets, services growth </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental ‘metrics’: CO 2 reduction, NO x reduction, effluent reduction, material savings, efficiency increase </li></ul>
    4. 4.  2009 General Electric Company
    5. 5. Smart grid <ul><li>A Smart Grid is one that incorporates information and communications technology into every aspect of electricity generation, delivery (Transmission & Distribution) and consumption in order to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>minimize environmental impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improve reliability and service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reduce costs and improve efficiency </li></ul></ul>Source: EPRI
    6. 6. Imagine… <ul><li>Distribution …only technical losses </li></ul><ul><li>Outages …Self healing </li></ul><ul><li>Grid …Stable with Renewables </li></ul><ul><li>Transformers …Prolonged life </li></ul><ul><li>Voltages …Stable & high quality </li></ul><ul><li>Customer …Zero electricity cost </li></ul><ul><li>Network …Uniform load </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of power …Seamless </li></ul>
    7. 7. Smart grid infrastructure…
    8. 8. … delivering Building Blocks today
    9. 9. Smart… Learning from Biological Systems Neuron: Analog, Unique, Learning, Massively Networked DNA: Digital, Copied, Stable, Massively Distributed Dendrites – Collect Information Axon – Distribute Information Soma – Process Information
    10. 10. Wind: Leverage the 45 GW Indian Wind Corridor
    11. 11. 1.5 xle… expanding wind regimes 1.5 SLE 77 m 1.5 XLE 82.5 m <ul><li>XLE … platform evolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leverage 1.5 MW experience … GE technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanding wind regimes … TCIIb, 25m/s cut-out </li></ul></ul>XLE … increased customer value <ul><ul><li>Greater energy capture … 15% larger swept areas than SLE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased capacity factor … +3pts GCF @ 8m/s </li></ul></ul>0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 Power Output (kW) Wind Speed (m/s) XLE Power Curve SLE Power Curve XLE extended cutout Delivering 7% more AEP @ 8m/s … developing 7% more AEP @ 8.5m/s  2009 General Electric Company
    12. 12. 1.5 MW platform product enhancement Mark VIe Controller <ul><li>GE expertise … Power Plant controls </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced diagnostics </li></ul><ul><li>Remote access </li></ul><ul><li>Real time data </li></ul><ul><li>~40k data points </li></ul><ul><li>GE design … scalable </li></ul>Conditioned Based Maintenance (CBM) <ul><li>GE expertise … Optimization & Controls </li></ul><ul><li>Component condition data </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced logarithms </li></ul><ul><li>GE M&D </li></ul><ul><li>GE design </li></ul>Intelligent WTG <ul><li>GE expertise … Aircraft Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced prognostics </li></ul><ul><li>Spares forecasting </li></ul><ul><li>Remaining life </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance factors </li></ul><ul><li>Asset management </li></ul> 2009 General Electric Company … delivering the intelligent wind turbine
    13. 13. Biomass: 17 GW potential in India from agriculture residue and cattle dung  2009 General Electric Company
    14. 14. Biomass gasification Biomass Input: 235 ton/day cattle manure Electrical output: 1 MW Organic fertilizer: 35 ton/day No. of units and engine type: 1 x JMC 320 GS-B.L Cow manure “methane-to-energy” plant in Ludhiana - India  2009 General Electric Company
    15. 15. Solar Thermal: Enabling the 20 GW by 2020 goal of the Indian National Solar Mission  2009 General Electric Company
    16. 16. Concentrated solar thermal Technology Expertise <ul><li>90 MW Power output … </li></ul><ul><li>120MW next step </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction & Impulse </li></ul><ul><li>Mono block Rotor </li></ul><ul><li>Wet steam </li></ul><ul><li>Daily start/stop cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Dual End Generator ST </li></ul><ul><li>Full system capability: </li></ul><ul><li>Air Condensers </li></ul><ul><li>Centrifugal Pumps </li></ul><ul><li>Balance of Plant </li></ul><ul><li>High speed Balancing & Mechanical Running </li></ul><ul><li>test capability </li></ul><ul><li>Technical team in place to support local projects </li></ul>Testing Facilities Steam Turbines Parabolic Trough Approaches Power Tower Fresnel Layout  2009 General Electric Company
    17. 17. Gas: Changing Indian landscape with 37 Trillion Cubic Ft. proven reserves and a potential 20 Trillion Cubic Ft. new finds  2009 General Electric Company
    18. 18. Gas turbine fuel flexibility Fossil fuels Expanding quality range Synthetic & industrial Lower caloric value Biofuels Biodiesel and ethanol Diversity of supply and increasing efficiency  2009 General Electric Company
    19. 19. Get it right this time… Raw Materials Materials Processing Product Manufacture Installation & Commissioning Product Use and Service Reuse - Recycling Disposal Materials Fuel use (including transport) Land use Other (e.g. wind use) Water Effluents Air Emissions Solid Wastes Other Releases Usable Products Asses Lifecycle Energy Footprint of New Technologies
    20. 20. Move from a culture of plenty to a culture of responsibility! <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Policy </li></ul>Image source: erehwon