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Burgundy is one of the more Romantic of all wine regions. They have mastered the growing of the finicky Piont Noir grape, and created the creamiest of Chardonnay's. Enjoy walking the dusty vineyards of the famous region of Burgundy France.

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  2. 2.  Week 4- Understanding French Burgundy’s Week 5- The elegance of Bordeaux Week 6- Discovering the treasured wines of Italy Week 7- Wine and food pairing
  3. 3.  Name the three grapes used in champagne. What is the purpose of champagne’s second fermentation. Name three champagne styles. What is the purpose of, pump overs and punch downs? What is the second fermentation in the barrel called? What is the result of the fermentation?
  4. 4.  The word terroir, which means: sun entity, effect of soil and rainfall was first used in Burgundy; it’s emphasized most in this region of France. The history of Burgundy begins with the the Romans conquering Gaul (in 51 BC) from the Celtic. The Benedictine Monks became the first to control the land for the purpose of viticulture through the Abbey’s and monasteries. In 1789 at the end of the French Revolution, Burgundy was split and sold off in plots. These plots have now been fragmented and are still held within the family. Today Burgundy looks more like a jigsaw puzzle with its may producers. Burgundy was never as well know as Bordeaux in the Middle ages due to its location. Burgundy is inland which creates difficulty when transporting wine; Paris was as far as the barrels would be transported. It was not until Burgundy’s infamous Dukes came to power, the wine started to circulate.
  5. 5.  In Burgundy there are two grapes used predominantly. If it’s white it’s Chardonnay if it’s red it’s Pinot Noir. Gamay and Aligote are also cultivated in the area, in small amounts. One vineyard could be owned by five different growers, each owner cultivates his wine, his own separate way. (For example a grower may own 2 rows of grapes.) A grower may own seven different plots of land within Burgundy, but will never blend his wine outside the village in which it grows. Why, because of terrior. Burgundy is known for their negociants/ cooperatives- a wine broker who would buy up grapes from growers blend them together and make their own label. Within Burgundy’s 4 sub-regions there are other regions; within these regions are your appellations.
  6. 6.  It’s very cold in Burgundy, and the growers constantly have to worry about the grapes reaching their full ripeness due to the lack of sunshine. The result is a weakly flavored wine, that tastes flabby. September is known as the month of rain, and can be hazardous to theripening of the grapes. Prior to harvest, the grapes can become water logged and thin. Rot, is a challenge in Burgundy with its cold, rainy days. Producers must beparticularlycareful when harvesting. They must sort though the rotten grapes, to prevent the chances of the wine tasting off.
  7. 7.  Chablis- Which is the most northern sub-region is 100% devoted to growing Chardonnay. Cote d’Or (Golden Slopes)- Home to Burgundy’s legendary wines, is 30 miles long and encompasses Cote de Beaune and Cote de Nuits. They produce both Point Noir and Chardonnay. It is said, “Because the vines face east, they get a perfect dose of morning sun.” Cote Chalonnaise- Producing red and whites, is not as expensive as its sister Cote d’Or. The most famous village is Mercurey.
  8. 8.  Maconnais- Just south of Cote Chalonnaise, produces good everyday drinking Chardonnay. The three most well know wines are, Macon Village, Pouilly-Fuisse and St. Veran. Many simple Bourgognes Blanc and Rouge are also produced here. Beaujolais- The southernmost sub-region of Burgundy is devoted to making fruity, red wine from the gamay grape.
  9. 9.  Northernmost region, closer to Champagne than Cote d’Or Made of limestone slopes An adorable town, very quaint Produces only Chardonnay Chablis has seven, Grand Cru vineyards and seventeen, Premier Cru
  10. 10.  The most famous of the regions of Burgundy. Within the sub-region of Cote d’Or there are two other well know regions; Cote de Nuits (9 appellations) and Cote de Beaune (16 appellations)• Any wine you partake offrom Cote d’Or will be fantastic.
  11. 11.  This area, while not as elite as its northern sister, still produces fantastic basic Bourgogne wines. Cote Chalonnaise has several well know villages, the most famous being Mercureys.
  12. 12.  Maconnais is primarily a white region. Maconnais is well known for the areas of Macon, Pouilly- Fuisse and St. Veran. There are no Grand Cru or Premier Cue vineyards in Maconnais. More than 75% of Macons come from cooperatives.
  13. 13.  The grapes grown in Beaujolais havenothing in common with Burgundy. The grape varietals as well has the climate are completely different. Beaujolais is both the name of the wine and the place from which the wine comes from. Beaujolais Nouveau (new wine) is released yearly in November, of the present years harvest. The process of makingBeaujolais differs form Burgundy. Whole grape clusters are put into tanks and the fermentation takes place within the grape cluster.
  14. 14.  Burgundy’s classifications  Burgundy has four levels: are geographically-focused. Burgundy rouge and blanc, A specific vineyard or Village wine, Premier Cru, region will bear a given Grand Cru classification, regardless of  Premier Cru-Premier Cru the wines producer. The wines comprises 12% of focuson the wines labelsis production. These wines the appellation. are often aged 3-5 years. Theproducers name often  Grand Cru-comprisesonly appears at the bottom in a 2% of total production. much smaller text. Prior to being released, these wines are normally aged 5-7 years.
  15. 15.  Village- appellation  Regional- appellation wines are produced from wines are wines which a blend of wines. These are allowed to be lower ranked vineyard produced over the entire sites are within the region, or over an boundaries of1of 42 area, significantly larger villages. These wines than that of an should be aged in 2-4 individual village. years.  Within the regional appellationthere arethree categories; AOC Bourgogne, Sub- regional, these wines are a specific style.
  16. 16.  However sad, it may be, tobuya good wine from Burgundy will cost you. There is no such thing as barginshopping in Burgundy. Wines from Cote d’Or are the most famous. Being the highest ranked in Burgundy as well as the world. Village wines are a great starting place. Fromhere, try to identify differentcharacteristicsin the wine from the different neighboring villages. Burgundy prides itself on terroir.
  17. 17.  Louis Jadot Macon – Villages Blanc 2010 Joseph Drouhin- SaitVeran Blanc 2008 Blason de Bourgogne Rouge 2009 George Duboeuf Beaujolais-Villages 2009
  18. 18.  Blanc- Citrus, vanilla, butterscotch, toasted butter, custard, green apples, tropical fruit, lemon, lime, herbal, pineapple… Rouge- cherries, plums, raspberries, damp earth, mushrooms, cedar, cigars, chocolate, spice, worn leather, dry leaves… Beaujolais- jammy, big fruit, spice, cherry, blueberry, blackberry, plum…
  19. 19. • Familiarize yourself with Burgundy, become acquaintedwith its many villages and sub-regions.