Au Psy492 M7 A2 Schry E


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Slideshow concerning Research Topic: Happiness is Necessary to Life.

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Au Psy492 M7 A2 Schry E

  1. 1. Erin Schry PSY492 Facilitator: S. Sadik
  2. 2. People who are happy lead better lives. <ul><li>Positive feelings change the way our brains work and broaden our experiences (Jones, 2010). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This allows us to see the big picture of life. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Happiness improves one’s problem-solving and creative abilities (Jones, 2010). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participants in a study who were shown a comedy film before being asked to perform a problem-solving task were more successful than those who were shown a neutral, mathematical film. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Good mood improves verbal reasoning skills (Jones, 2010). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Happy people are more expressive and social. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Happiness can have negative affects. <ul><li>Happiness can make one (Jones, 2010): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more gullible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>less able to develop persuasive arguments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>more likely to make careless decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The optimum level of happiness is a 7 or 8 out of 10 (Jones, 2010). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Levels of 9 and 10 result in the negative affects. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Happiness brings more reward than unhappiness. <ul><li>Decisions are influenced by choice architecture and state of mind (Anderson, Thaler, H, & Sunstein, 2010). </li></ul><ul><li>People who are happy make better life decisions, such as (Anderson, Thaler, H, & Sunstein, 2010): </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better investments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More savings for retirement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less obesity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More charitable giving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cleaner planet (Anderson et al.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Happiness brings more reward than unhappiness… (cont’d) <ul><li>Subjective well-being is related to economic and physical well-being (Judge, Ilies, & Dimotakis, 2010). </li></ul><ul><li>General mental ability is related to work and non-work outcomes, such as (Judge, Ilies, & Dimotakis, 2010): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>physical well-being </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>economic well-being </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>psychological well-being (Judge et al.) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Happiness brings more life satisfaction than unhappiness. <ul><li>Life satisfaction is explained by two approaches (Heller, Watson, & Ilies, 2004): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top-down approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>personological factors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bottom-up approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>situational factors (Heller et al.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Several meta-analytic factors that explain life satisfaction include (Heller, Watson, & Ilies, 2004): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extraversion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neuroticism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agreeableness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conscientiousness (Heller et al.) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Happiness brings more life satisfaction than unhappiness… (cont’d) <ul><ul><li>Self-esteem relates to career success (Kammeyer-Mueller, Judge, & Scott, 2008). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social identity theory proposes that self-esteem is affected by extrinsic career success. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-consistency theory proposes that extrinsic career success is affected by self-esteem (Kammeyer-Mueller et al., 2008). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self-esteem increases occupational prestige. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self-esteem increases income (Kammeyer-Mueller et al.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Happy people are healthier than unhappy people. <ul><li>Young, undeveloped, emotional minds are more susceptible to disorders and pathologies (Kluger, 2010). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>According to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), 1 in 5 children in the U.S. suffers from an emotional or behavioral condition (Kluger, 2010). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual cost of treatment and consequences of juvenile psychological disorders is $250 billion (Kluger, 2010). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental illnesses cause a loss of joy during the disability adjusted life years (DALYs) diminished by illness (Kluger). </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Happy people are healthier than unhappy people… (cont’d) <ul><li>Physical ailments are due largely to negative emotions (Emoto, 2001). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The importance of positivity is underrated (Emoto, 2001). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Positive thinking strengthens the immune system. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Giving patients a reason to live boosts morale, spirits, and the immune system. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doctors who treat sick parts along with human consciousness reduce the need for doctors and hospitals (Emoto). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Human lives are divided into 6 important domains, the 3 rd of which being overall health (Wheelwright, 2010). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protecting the body and mind are essential for lifelong, good health (Wheelwright). </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Happy people are healthier than unhappy people… (cont’d 2) <ul><li>Successful aging can be done (Vaillant, 2002). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical condition by ages 50-60 sets the foundation for the rest of one’s life (Wheelwright, 2010). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One must first live joyously (Vaillant, 2002). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One must receive from others gratefully. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One must be capable of personal development (Vaillant). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>There are certain concepts for normal aging (Vaillant, 2002). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy individuals demonstrate characteristics of maturity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maturity includes forgiveness, joy, and gratitude. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graceful aging is shown through acceptance of one’s fate (Vaillant). </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. There are always chances and ways to improve happiness and overall well-being. <ul><li>Happiness level can be determined by asking a number of questions, such as (Pieper & Pieper, 2003): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Are you unable to follow through on important resolutions?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Are you frustrated or inefficient at work?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Is your love life unrewarding or filled with conflict?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Are you plagued by unpleasant emotions for no apparent reason? (Pieper & Pieper)” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many people find it difficult to realize their potential to live fulfilling lives (Pieper & Pieper, 2003). </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. There are always chances and ways to improve happiness and overall well-being… (cont’d) <ul><li>Adult character development is not concrete (Vaillant, 2002). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By age 70, character-based choices such as lifestyle and spouse influence one’s ultimate outcome. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor development is linked to depression (Vaillant). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gratitude and love “bring vitality to the body (Emoto, 2001).” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Gratitude is almost always more fun than spite or regret (Vaillant).” </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>Anderson, J., H, R., Thaler, C.R., & Sunstein. (2010, November). Nudge: Improving Decisions about Health, Wealth, and Happiness. Cambridge Economics and Philosophy, 26 , 3. </li></ul><ul><li>Emoto, M. (2001). The Hidden Messages in Water . Hillsboro, OR: Beyond Words Publishing, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Heller, D., Watson, D. & Ilies, R. (2004). The role of person versus situation in life satisfaction: A critical examination. Psychological Bulletin, 130, 574-600. </li></ul><ul><li>Jones, D. (2010, September). Be happy. The New Scientist, 207 , 2779. </li></ul><ul><li>Judge, T.A., Ilies, R., Dimotakis, N. (2010, May). Are health and happiness the product of wisdom? The relationship of general mental ability to educational and occupational attainment, health, and well-being . Journal of Applied Psychology, 95 , 3. </li></ul>
  14. 14. References (cont’d) <ul><li>Kammeyer-Mueller, J. D., Judge, T. A. & Scott, B. A. (2008). Self-esteem and extrinsic career success: Test of a dynamic model. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 57, 204-224. </li></ul><ul><li>Kluger, J. (2010, November). Keeping Young Minds Healthy. Time, 176 , 18. </li></ul><ul><li>Pieper, M.H., & Pieper, W.J. (2003). Addicted to unhappiness: freeing yourself from behaviors that undermine work, relationships, and the life you want. New York, NY: McGraw-Hills Companies, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Vaillant, G.E. (2002). Aging well: surprising guideposts to a happier life from the landmark Harvard study of adult development. Boston, MA: Little, Brown. </li></ul><ul><li>Wheelwright, V. (2010, November/December). Strategies for living a very long life. Futurist, 44 , 6. </li></ul>