What Is Ms
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What Is Ms

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    What Is Ms What Is Ms Presentation Transcript

    • WHAT İS MS?
      • Multiple sclerosis is a complex disease of the central nervous system (brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves) characterized by relapses (neurologic symptoms which appear rapidly but often improve over weeks or months), remissions and often progression of disability over time.
      • MS is currently not a curable disease. MS is thought to be an “immune-mediated” disease, meaning that errors in the function of the immune system cause damage in the central nervous system. The immune system functions to protect the body from various environmental hazards or pathogens such as viruses, bacteria and fungi.
    • MULTİBLE SCLEROZ…
    • A PICTURE OF HOW MS OCCURE IN BODY!
    • How is MS diagnosed?
      • MS is diagnosed based on the history of symptoms (that are referred to the central nervous system) over time, the neurological examination, and imaging tests such as the brain and/or spinal cord MRI.
    • MRI of the Brain following gadolinium demonstrating enhancement of MS lesions
    • What are the symptoms of MS ?
      • There are many symptoms of MS. The symptoms are different for every person .
      • They vary in intensity and problem based on where the nerves are damaged.
      • These symptoms may or may not be transient. Following is a list of many symptoms of MS.
      • Numbness or tingling in the limbs
      • Impaired balance
      • Change in vision such as blurred vision in one eye or double vision
      • Fatigue that does not seem associated with activity
      • Change in bowel, bladder, and sexual function
      • Stiffness or tightness in the muscles
      • Weakness
      • Trouble walking
    • What is the course of MS over time?
      • Approximately 85% of patients begin the disease with relapsing-remitting MS. Patients have an onset of symptoms over a few days or weeks, and a gradual complete or incomplete recovery over time. Inflammatory changes are the hallmark of the relapsing phase of the disease.
      • During the relapsing phase of the disease there is frequent gadolinium enhancement seen on MRI (areas on the MRI scan that show up as bright spots after injection of the contrast dye), which indicates areas of active inflammation.
      • During the relapsing phase of the disease there is frequent gadolinium enhancement seen on MRI (areas on the MRI scan that show up as bright spots after injection of the contrast dye), which indicates areas of active inflammation.
      • Gadolinium enhancement occurs about 5-10 times more frequently then clinical relapses.
      • there can also be a decrease in brain volume. Approximately 15% of patients never have relapses; rather their disease is characterized by a progression of symptoms over time. This disease course is known as primary-progressive MS.
    • How is MS managed?
      • Relapse Management A relapse is defined as new or worsening neurological symptoms of greater then 24 hours duration, and occurring in the absence of metabolic change such as an untreated infection. Usually, relapses evolve over 1 - 7 days. They will plateau for a period of time and resolve over weeks to several months. Some symptoms may persist and become permanent.
    • IS THER ANY SOLUTION FOR MS?
      • There ısn’t any solutıon for ms but ıf you want to be away from ıt and ıf you don’t want to die becouse of ıt you have to live with injectıons…...
    • THE REASON THAT I CHOOSE MS:
      • I choose ms becouse ıt ıs my father’s illness and ı have ıdeas about this ıllness and ı see that it is hart to get away and survıve from it.it is very hard to see a people with this illness and ı wısh the scıentists and doctors may find a good solution for MS…
    • THANKS FOR WATCHİNG…..