EMPHASIS is a 5-year initiative funded by the Big Lottery Fund, UK
The programme aims to
reduce the vulnerability of key mobile populations to HIV & AIDS along two mobility routes between Bangladesh/India and Nepal/India by delivering focused interventions at source, transit and destination points
influence national and regional policies relating to safe mobility through evidence generated regionally.
Rationale for the Project – Mobility between the three countries
High mobility exists between Bangladesh, Nepal and India
differential economic opportunities
Mobility has been necessary for the economic survival of families in both urban and rural communities of Nepal and Bangladesh
This risk is exacerbated by inadequate access to HIV services and fear of being stigmatised
HIV prevalence is low in Bangladesh and Nepal
Vulnerable mobile populations form a bridge with high prevalence areas of India
66% of those tested positive in a Bangladesh centre were returnees migrants
Rationale for the Project – Vulnerability of Women
Women migrant workers
employed in unskilled jobs
domestic service or entertainment sectors
often without legal status
little access to health services
susceptible to exploitation and/or physical and sexual violence
Women left behind at source sites
Face severe economic challenges
may be forced to exchange sex for food or money
At risk if their husbands return infected with HIV
Rationale for the Project – Existing responses of the Govts.
Bangladesh recognises mobility as a major risk factor for the spread of HIV&AIDS. However, there is no programming for the mobile population in the government’s major national HIV Prevention Programmes
In Nepal, although legislation is in place, there is a severe lack of cohesive response to address mobility and HIV systematically and comprehensively.
In India, national programmes are constrained by the mandate to use national resources for the welfare of their own citizens, and do not address the vulnerabilities of citizens of other countries
To reduce the vulnerability to HIV&AIDS of populations mobile across borders of Bangladesh, India and Nepal and to mitigate the impact on affected communities, with a specific focus on women.
To demonstrate effective good practice models for HIV prevention, care and support for mobile populations vulnerable to HIV&AIDS across India, Bangladesh and Nepal – for replication and scaling-up.
To enhance capacity and contribute to government/civil society institutions and communities’ efforts to reduce the vulnerability of mobile populations and their families to HIV and to mitigate the impact of AIDS.
To develop evidence-based advocacy and the creation of an enabling environment supportive of reducing vulnerabilities of mobile populations to HIV&AIDS
Staff Recruitment process started in September,2009 and all staff were recruited by January, 2010.
New Delhi Finance Officer (part time) Jatin Juneja New Delhi Partnership Coordinator Moushumi Kundu Bahraich Partnership Coordinator Surajit Chakraborty Kolkata Partnership Coordinator Anupam Das New Delhi Admn Assistant Anju Bala New Delhi Manager (M-E-D) Nabesh Bohidar New Delhi Team Leader Essa Mohammad Rafique Place Designation Staff Name
As the NGO partners were pre-selected, a process of NGO assessment was carried out with all the five NGOs. (Nov-Dec 2009)
The NGO assessment was carried out by a team comprising of both programme staff and finance staff of CARE.
Draft NGO contracts were sent to BIG through the Secretariat.
Approval of the contracts were received in late February.
NGO contracts were signed from the first of March
Key Processes – Current activities of the NGO partners
Mapping + Needs Assessment + Stakeholder Analysis
Why are these important?
Need to know who is coming, through which route and settling where. What is the volume of mobility.
Pattern of mobility
Need for mapping data to be rigorous.
Need for common methodology and outputs
Developed a common methodology, tools and required outputs through a consultative process for destination and transit sites.
Initial discussions and mapping exercises initiated in all the program locations.
Key Processes – Overcoming the communication divide across countries
Communication & KM - Ning
One Stop Shop
Chat, Forum, Tele, Google-docs, Blog, Events, Calendar, Map, Groups, Photos, videos, audios, Transliteration, Archives, Intra, Google-search, SMS-web, Wiki
Started in Dec 09, Analytics show high usage
Will require dedicated facilitator support
E-forum discussion Blogs Chat, Tele, Video Conf SMS, Audio, Video Discussion summary Discussion Transcripts Consolidated Replies Final Blog Group work Collaborative Document Reports, Guidelines, budgets FGD, Field or Immersion Visit Transliteration Translated docs EMPHASIS KM Processes Knowledge Assets or Resources consisting of Recommended Documents, Websites, Contacts, Organizations… Archives