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Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y on Employee Motivation
 

Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y on Employee Motivation

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Theory X and Theory Y on employee motivation helps organizations understand the changing dynamics of human behavior

Theory X and Theory Y on employee motivation helps organizations understand the changing dynamics of human behavior

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    Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y on Employee Motivation Douglas McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y on Employee Motivation Presentation Transcript

    • Theories of Employee MotivationTheory X and Theory Y
    • 2Introduction to the TheoriesCreated and developedby Douglas McGregor(1960’s)Used in HumanResources,Organization BehaviorAnalysis andOrganisationalDevelopmentPertains to humanmotivationDescribe two differentattitudes towardsworkforce motivation
    • Theory XCopyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.3
    • 4What is Theory X?• Pessimistic assumptions• Impediment to employee morale & productivityAssumptions of Theory X:• Inherently Lazy and will avoid work• Only interested in money• In need of close supervisionEmployees are:• Have little ambition without incentiveprograms• Avoid responsibility• Need to be driven through control systemsEmployees:
    • Copyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.5Manager adopting Theory X believes:Everything ends in blameIn blaming without evaluating the situationThat it is the their job to structure the work andenergize the employeeIn Authoritarian style based on the threat ofpunishment
    • Theory YCopyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.6
    • 7What is Theory Y?• Positive assumptions• More positive view of workers and the possibilities that createenthusiasm• Ambitious, self-motivated and anxious toaccept greater responsibilityEmployees are:• Exercise self-control, self-direction,autonomy and empowerment• Exercise creativity and become forwardlookingEmployees:Assumptions of Theory Y:
    • Copyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.8Manager adopting Theory Y believes:People want to do well at workThe employees are a pool of unused creativityThat the satisfaction of doing a job is in itselfmotivating
    • ConclusionCopyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.9
    • Copyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.10Conclusion:• These theories help future generations understand thechanging dynamics of human behavior• Represent two unrealistic extremes• Rigidity questioned• Guiding principles of management• Mix will ensure a healthy blend of systems and the freedom toperform at the work place is likely to motivate the employeesmore
    • Blend of PracticesCopyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.11TheoryXTheoryYMotivation
    • Thank YouCopyright 2013 | Saigun TechnologiesPvt. Ltd.www.empxtrack.com