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  • 1. ITEC Level 3 Diploma in Spa Treatments Unit 16 Spa Treatments Recommended minimum guided learning hours – 50 Pre-requisite – ITEC Level 3 Diploma in Body Treatments or equivalent QCA Qualification Accreditation Number: 100/2587/X Learning outcome Underpinning knowledge Students will be able to: 1) Understand and explain the history and concept of Spas To include: • The Greeks • Romans • Naturally occurring Spas • Concept of the use of water for treatments 2) Understand and explain the importance of creating and maintaining the correct atmosphere and ambiance within a Spa To include: ♦ Ensuring the Spa appeals to the 5 senses: • Touch – with massage • Sight – by changing colours • Sound – tranquil music • Taste – herbal teas • Smell – perfumed aromas possibly from essential oils 3) Understand and explain total care of the spa environment To include: • All equipment • Ensure it complies with legal requirements • Wet area • Consumables • Changing area Exfoliation 4) Understand and explain the various methods of exfoliation/desquamation To include: • Salt scrubs • General scrubs • Peels • Body brushing 5) Understand and explain the application technique for exfoliation and desquamation and the point in the treatment at which they should be used To include: • Salt scrubs • General scrubs • Peels • Body brushing 6) Understand and explain the contraindications to treatment With medical, GP or specialist permission – In circumstances where written medical permission cannot be obtained the client must sign an informed consent stating that the treatment and its effects has been fully explained to them and confirm that they are willing to proceed without permission from their G.P. or specialist • Pregnancy • Cardio vascular conditions (thrombosis, phlebitis, hypertension, hypotension, heart conditions) • Haemophilia • Any condition already being treated by a GP or another complementary practitioner • Medical oedema • Osteoporosis • Arthritis • Nervous/Psychotic conditions • Epilepsy • Recent operations • Diabetes • Asthma • Any dysfunction of the nervous system (e.g. Muscular sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Motor neurone disease) • Bells Palsy • Trapped/Pinched nerve (e.g. sciatica) • Inflamed nerve • Cancer • Postural deformities • Spastic conditions • Kidney infections • Whiplash • Slipped disc • Undiagnosed pain • When taking prescribed medication • Acute rheumatism ♦ Contraindications that restrict treatment • Fever • Contagious or infectious diseases • Under the influence of recreational drugs or alcohol • Diarrhoea and vomiting • Skin diseases • Undiagnosed lumps and bumps • Localised swelling • Inflammation • Varicose veins • Pregnancy (abdomen) • Cuts • Bruises • Abrasions • Scar tissues (2 years for major operation and 6 months for a small scar) • Sunburn • Hormonal implants • Abdomen (first few days of menstruation depending how the client feels) • Haematoma • Hernia • Recent fractures (minimum 3 months) • Cervical spondylitis • Gastric ulcers • After a heavy meal • Conditions affecting the neck ITEC Unit 16 Spa Treatments Syllabus September 2007 – Page 1
  • 2. Exfoliation should always take place at the beginning of a Spa treatment plan – NEVER after any form of heat has been applied to the skin Steam and Sauna 7) Understand and explain the therapeutic effects of Steam and Sauna treatments To include: • Cleanses by perspiration • Relaxation • Relaxes muscles prior to deeper treatment 8) Understand and explain the differences between wet and dry heat To include: • Steam produces wet heat • Sauna produces dry heat • Both methods deep cleanse 9) Understand and explain the safety procedures required for each treatment To include: • Ensure the cabinets are wiped out with sterilising solution after every treatment • Ensure the benches are covered with clean paper towels for each client • Ensure the client showers before entering the cabinet and that swimwear or similar is worn • Ensure that the treatment is explained to the client before commencement • Ensure the correct temperature is adhered to • Check temperature gauge • Ensure the client stays in the sauna/steam room for maximum 10 mins • After 10 mins they should take a warm shower or plunge in a warm pool (not freezing) • They may repeat the process as many times as they wish • Ensure the client drinks plenty of water • Ensure that the client rests in the rest area and allows the body temperature to return to normal before leaving the Spa 10) Understand and explain the contraindications to Steam and Sauna With medical, GP or specialist permission – In circumstances where written medical permission cannot be obtained the client must sign an informed consent stating that the treatment and its effects has been fully explained to them and confirm that they are willing to proceed without permission from their G.P. or specialist • Pregnancy • Cardio vascular conditions (thrombosis, phlebitis, hypertension, hypotension, heart conditions) • Haemophilia • Any condition already being treated by a GP or another complementary practitioner • Medical oedema • Osteoporosis • Arthritis • Nervous/Psychotic conditions • Epilepsy • Recent operations • Diabetes • Asthma • Any dysfunction of the nervous system (e.g. Muscular sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Motor neurone disease) • Bells Palsy • Trapped/Pinched nerve (e.g. sciatica) • Inflamed nerve • Cancer • Postural deformities • Spastic conditions • Kidney infections • Whiplash • Slipped disc • Undiagnosed pain • When taking prescribed medication • Acute rheumatism ♦ Contraindications that restrict treatment • Fever • Contagious or infectious diseases • Under the influence of recreational drugs or alcohol • Diarrhoea and vomiting • Skin diseases • Undiagnosed lumps and bumps • Localised swelling • Inflammation • Varicose veins • Pregnancy (abdomen) • Cuts • Bruises • Abrasions • Scar tissues (2 years for major operation and 6 months for a small scar) • Sunburn • Hormonal implants • Abdomen (first few days of menstruation depending how the client feels) • Haematoma • Hernia • Recent fractures (minimum 3 months) • Cervical spondylitis • Gastric ulcers • After a heavy meal • Conditions affecting the neck ITEC Unit 16 Spa Treatments Syllabus September 2007 – Page 2
  • 3. 11) Understand and explain the importance of relaxation after treatment and care of the relaxation area • To allow the body temperature to return to normal The possible consequences of not doing so should be known: • Dehydration • Fainting • Heart attack • Coronary • Collapse • Hygiene and maintenance of the relaxation area 12) Understand and explain the correct procedure for treatment • Ensure the cabinet is wiped out with sterilising solution regularly • Ensure the benches are covered with clean towels for each client • Ensure the client showers before entering the cabinet and that swimwear or similar is worn • Ensure that the treatment is explained to the client before commencement • Ensure the correct temperature is adhered to • Ensure the client stays in the sauna/steam for maximum 10 mins • After 10 mins they should take a warm shower or plunge in a warm pool (not freezing) • They may repeat the process as many times as they wish • Ensure that clients rest in the relaxation area or suite of relaxation rooms in the case of a Turkish bath and allow the body temperature to return to normal before showering and leaving the Spa • If individual steam cabinets are used, a towel should be placed around the neck area to stop the steam escaping from the cabinet, otherwise the procedure is the same 13) Understand and explain the correct hygiene procedures • Ensure the cabinet is wiped out with sterilising solution regularly • Ensure the benches are covered with clean towels for each client • Ensure the client showers before entering the cabinet and that swimwear or similar is worn • If individual steam baths are used, a towel should be placed around the neck area to stop the steam escaping from the cabinet 14) Understand and explain the first aid for heat exhaustion, burns and fainting • Check the up to date procedure with St Johns/Andrews ambulance or Red Cross Bodymasks/Wraps 15) Understand, explain and ensure appropriate client care at all times To include: • Checking consultation and contraindications • Explain the treatment to the client • Use appropriate protective sheets for the couch and floor area • Help the client onto the couch protecting the clients modesty at all times • Underwear must be worn (paper pants are acceptable) • Ensure that all parts of the client are covered except the area being treated • Cleanse the feet with a medi-wipe or similar • Wash own hands • Keep ensuring that the client is comfortable • Adapt the treatment to suit the needs of the client as part of a weight loss programme or skin treatment • Apply the mask/wrap in accordance with manufacturer’s instruction • Wrap the client in sheets/blankets/thermal blanket, whichever is most appropriate to the treatment, for the required treatment time • Remove the mask/wrap at the end of the treatment • Help the client off the couch protecting their modesty at all times ITEC Unit 16 Spa Treatments Syllabus September 2007 – Page 3
  • 4. 16) Understand and explain contraindications to wraps and masks With medical, GP or specialist permission – In circumstances where written medical permission cannot be obtained the client must sign an informed consent stating that the treatment and its effects has been fully explained to them and confirm that they are willing to proceed without permission from their G.P. or specialist • Pregnancy • Cardio vascular conditions (thrombosis, phlebitis, hypertension, hypotension, heart conditions) • Haemophilia • Any condition already being treated by a GP or another complementary practitioner • Medical oedema • Osteoporosis • Arthritis • Nervous/Psychotic conditions • Epilepsy • Recent operations • Diabetes • Asthma • Any dysfunction of the nervous system (e.g. Muscular sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Motor neurone disease) • Bells Palsy • Trapped/Pinched nerve (e.g. sciatica) • Inflamed nerve • Cancer • Postural deformities • Spastic conditions • Kidney infections • Whiplash • Slipped disc • Undiagnosed pain • When taking prescribed medication • Acute rheumatism ♦ Contraindications that restrict treatment • Fever • Contagious or infectious diseases • Under the influence of recreational drugs or alcohol • Diarrhoea and vomiting • Skin diseases • Undiagnosed lumps and bumps • Localised swelling • Inflammation • Varicose veins • Pregnancy (abdomen) • Cuts • Bruises • Abrasions • Scar tissues (2 years for major operation and 6 months for a small scar) • Sunburn • Hormonal implants • Abdomen (first few days of menstruation depending how the client feels) • Haematoma • Hernia • Recent fractures (minimum 3 months) • Cervical spondylitis • Gastric ulcers • After a heavy meal • Conditions affecting the neck 17) Understand, explain and select a suitable mask for the area to be treated • Natural • Specialised • Anti-cellulite • Firming/contouring • Moisturising • Paraffin wax • Mud • Detox • Seaweed • Mineral 18) Understand and explain the ingredients and their function in accordance with the manufacturer’s details • Natural • Specialised • Anti-cellulite • Firming/contouring • Moisturising • Paraffin wax • Mud • Detox • Herbal • Seaweed • Mineral 19) Understand, explain and apply the mask/wrap appropriately • Following manufacturer’s instructions 20) Understand, explain and demonstrate thorough removal after treatment time has elapsed • Following manufacturer’s instructions 21) Understand, explain and update client records accordingly To include: • Treatment plan • Any reactions during treatment • Any home care advice given Sea Water and Seaweed Treatments 22) Understand and explain the contraindications to seaweed treatments With medical, GP or specialist permission – In circumstances where written medical permission cannot be obtained the client must sign an informed consent stating that the treatment and its effects has been fully explained to them and confirm that they are willing to proceed without permission from their G.P. or specialist • Pregnancy • Cardio vascular conditions (thrombosis, phlebitis, hypertension, hypotension, heart conditions) • Haemophilia • Any condition already being treated by a GP or another complementary practitioner • Medical oedema • Osteoporosis • Arthritis • Nervous/Psychotic conditions • Epilepsy • Recent operations • Diabetes • Asthma • Any dysfunction of the nervous system (e.g. Muscular sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Motor neurone disease) ITEC Unit 16 Spa Treatments Syllabus September 2007 – Page 4
  • 5. • Bells Palsy • Trapped/Pinched nerve (e.g. sciatica) • Inflamed nerve • Cancer • Postural deformities • Spastic conditions • Kidney infections • Whiplash • Slipped disc • Undiagnosed pain • When taking prescribed medication • Acute rheumatism ♦ Contraindications that restrict treatment •Fever • Contagious or infectious diseases • Under the influence of recreational drugs or alcohol • Diarrhoea and vomiting • Skin diseases • Undiagnosed lumps and bumps • Localised swelling • Inflammation • Varicose veins • Pregnancy (abdomen) • Cuts • Bruises • Abrasions • Scar tissues (2 years for major operation and 6 months for a small scar) • Sunburn • Hormonal implants • Abdomen (first few days of menstruation depending how the client feels) • Haematoma • Hernia • Recent fractures (minimum 3 months) • Cervical spondylitis • Gastric ulcers • After a heavy meal • Conditions affecting the neck 23) Understand and explain the different types of seaweed and their uses To include: • Brown • Red • Green • Blue/green 24) Understand and explain the benefits of seaweed treatments To include: • Deep cleansing • Detoxifying • Stimulating to the metabolism • Weight loss 25) Understand the history of seaweed treatments To include: • Concept and origins of seaweed 26) Understand and explain the application of seaweed treatments To include: • Masks • Baths • Creams • Thalassotherapy 27) Understand and explain the home care procedure To include: • Masks • Baths • Creams Water Treatment 28) Understand and explain the various ways in which water is treated to maintain hygiene To include: • Water testing kit • Ozone • Chlorine • Salt 29) Understand and explain how the treatment of the water may affect the hydro therapy treatment To include: • Ozone • Chlorine • Salt • Temperature 30) Understand and explain the changes which occur in the body once it is immersed in water To include: • Buoyancy • Effect on the skin • Relaxation of the muscles Hydrotherapy 31) Understand and explain the contraindications to hydrotherapy treatment With medical, GP or specialist permission – In circumstances where written medical permission cannot be obtained the client must sign an informed consent stating that the treatment and its effects has been fully explained to them and confirm that they are willing to proceed without permission from their G.P. or specialist • Pregnancy • Cardio vascular conditions (thrombosis, phlebitis, hypertension, hypotension, heart conditions) • Haemophilia • Any condition already being treated by a GP or another practitioner • Medical oedema • Osteoporosis • Arthritis • Nervous/Psychotic conditions • Epilepsy • Recent operations • Diabetes • Asthma • Any dysfunction of the nervous system (e.g. Muscular sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Motor neurone disease) • Bells Palsy • Trapped/Pinched nerve (e.g. sciatica) • Inflamed nerve • Cancer • Postural deformities • Spastic conditions • Kidney infections • Whiplash • Slipped disc • Undiagnosed pain • When taking prescribed medication • Acute rheumatism ♦ Contraindications that restrict treatment • Fever • Contagious or infectious diseases ITEC Unit 16 Spa Treatments Syllabus September 2007 – Page 5
  • 6. • Under the influence of recreational drugs or alcohol • Diarrhoea and vomiting • Skin diseases • Undiagnosed lumps and bumps • Localised swelling • Inflammation • Varicose veins • Pregnancy (abdomen) • Cuts • Bruises • Abrasions • Scar tissues (2 years for major operation and 6 months for a small scar) • Sunburn • Hormonal implants • Abdomen (first few days of menstruation depending how the client feels) • Haematoma • Hernia • Recent fractures (minimum 3 months) • Cervical spondylitis • Gastric ulcers • After a heavy meal • Conditions affecting the neck 32) Understand and explain the benefits of hydrotherapy treatment To include: • Kneipp theory • Spa pool – originally known as a Jacuzzi, underwater jet massage • Jet shower (blitz/scotch) – A lymphatic drainage massage with a high pressure jet of water where the temperature can be altered depending upon the type of treatment required e.g. toning or relaxation • Hydrotherapy bath – A foam aerated bath whereby ozone and/or oxygen are pumped through the bath. Alternatively underwater jets move along the reflex points of the body for massage treatment or the foam and jet massage can be combined in a treatment Some baths also have a separate hose which can be used by a therapist to give underwater massage. • Affusion (swiss shower) - This is where a client lies on a wet bed whilst a shower emits fine raindrops form above. A therapist then proceeds to massage the client whilst the shower continues. The temperature is controlled depending upon the results required. Alternatively the shower can be used to rinse off wraps, masks scrubs • Floatation – bath, tank, pool, bed 33) Understand and explain the procedure for each treatment To include: • Spa Pool • Jet shower (blitz/scotch) • Hydrotherapy bath • Affusion (swiss shower) • Flotation 34) Understand and explain the safety precautions to be taken with all of the above To include: • Ensure safety handles are available to ensure clients don’t slip check the temperature gauge • Never leave the client unattended • Ensure a panic button is available (particularly for foam baths) • When using the hydrotherapy bath ensure ½ the water is drained before the client attempts to get out • Ensure clients get up slowly • Ensure clients shower then relax until the body temperature returns to normal before dressing • Ensure the water is the correct temperature for the treatment • Ensure the water has been treated appropriately (spa pools) • Ensure the entire spa area complies with health safety and hygiene regulations 35) Understand and explain any home care advice To include: • Diet • Exercise • Use of creams • Baths • Masks ITEC Unit 16 Spa Treatments Syllabus September 2007 – Page 6
  • 7. Unit 16 Spa Treatments Case Studies ALL CASE STUDIES SHOULD BE INDEXED FOR CLARITY Exfoliation –Salt scrubs, General body scrubs, Peels, Body brushing 5 clients to be treated twice each across the range of methods To include: • Consultation • Medical history • Client profile • Treatment plan • Reactions to treatment • Client feedback • Home care advice • Conclusion • Reflective practice after each treatment* Steam and Sauna 5 clients to be treated twice each across the range of baths To include: • Consultation • Medical history • Client profile • Treatment plan • Reactions to treatment • Client feedback • Home care advice • Conclusion • Reflective practice after each treatment* Body wraps and masks 5 clients to be treated twice each across the range of methods listed in the syllabus To include: • Consultation • Medical history • Client profile • Treatment plan • Reactions to treatment • Client feedback • Home care advice • Conclusion • Reflective practice after each treatment* Seawater and Seaweed Treatments 5 clients to be treated twice each across the range of methods listed in the syllabus To include: • Consultation • Medical history • Client profile • Treatment plan • Reactions to treatment • Client feedback • Home care advice • Conclusion • Reflective practice after each treatment* Hydrotherapy Treatment 5 clients to be treated twice each across the range of methods listed in the syllabus To include: • Consultation • Medical history • Client profile • Treatment plan • Reactions to treatment • Client feedback • Home care advice • Conclusion • Reflective practice after each treatment* *NB: Candidates should reflect on their own performance and the performance outcomes of the treatment ITEC Unit 16 Spa Treatments Syllabus September 2007 – Page 7

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