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Unit57terminology
 

Unit57terminology

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    Unit57terminology Unit57terminology Presentation Transcript

    • Unit 57: Photography and Photographic Practice Terminology (P1, P2, M1, M2)Term Explanation of term e.g. what itis used for / the effect it has onyour imagesExamplesShutter Speed Shutter speed is basically how fast acamera can take a picture. It iseffectively the length of time ofexposure before the lens shuts.Examples of the uses of shutter speedare things like using slow shutterspeeds to capture pictures of carswhere the light stretches along thephoto. An example of fast shutterspeeds is the picture of a bubblepopping and the picture is takenbefore the whole bubble is burst.ISO ISO is the measuring of qualitycontrasted with the amount of light inthe background. The lower thenumber of ISO the less sensitive thecamera is to light therefore the higherthe quality in a well-lit area. In a darkplace a higher ISO produces a finerpicture as shown on the picture.Aperture & Depth offield (F stop)Depth of field is the differencebetween a well-focused landscapeshot and a shot of a flower with thebackground blurred out. A sharppicture would be referred to as havinglots of depth of field, whereas onewhere the foreground or backgroundis out of focus would be said to havelimited depth of field. The main
    • controlling factor of depth of field isthe aperture; which is essentially thesize of the gap that light can getthrough into the picture, the rule goes,the smaller the aperture the moredepth of field in the picture.Automatic ExposureAutomatic exposure is the camerasway of creating a few settings for theaperture and shutter speed thatautomatically set to a differentamount of exposureManual Exposure Manual exposure is when thephotographer chooses the settings onthe shutter speed and the aperture tomaintain a very specific amount ofexposure. This can be harder to do butcan show better results thanautomatic.
    • Colour Balance Colour balance is an effect that canbe placed onto still images to lessenor strengthen certain colours in theimage to give the picture a differentlook altogether.Composition Composition is essentially theplacement of the elements of apicture, how they are arranged inorder to give the photo a specificlook.Rule of thirds The rule of thirds is a simple conceptinvolving The picture being split intothirds both horizontally and verticallywhen the picture is taken, theimportant elements should be shownwhere the thirds meet. This is to makethe picture look more interesting, fulland give the shot a goodcomposition.
    • ComplementaryColoursThe complementary colours ruleapplies to more then justphotography, And is merely a style ofphotograph that can be chosen, notthe strict method of capturing a goodpicture. The rule simply suggests thatthroughout the colour scale eachcolour has a different hue, almost thestrength of the colour, each colourwith the same hue would becomplimentary, for example Red andgreen on the colour scale shown here.Analogous colours Similar to Complimentary, theanalogous colour rule is a method ofphotography that is best used withcertain colours not all the time. Therule refers to certain colours thatmatch, rather than being the same,one being the dominant colour(usually a primary or secondarycolour) over the other colour.
    • Macro Macro Photography is essentiallyextreme close up photography. Theterm refers to when the imagecaptured on the photo is either life-sizeor greater than the object itself.Macro photography is usually used onsmall objects to obtain a closer andmore detailed look. There is alsousually a specific mode on up to datecameras specifically formacrophotography, such as macrofocus.
    • Macro Macro Photography is essentiallyextreme close up photography. Theterm refers to when the imagecaptured on the photo is either life-sizeor greater than the object itself.Macro photography is usually used onsmall objects to obtain a closer andmore detailed look. There is alsousually a specific mode on up to datecameras specifically formacrophotography, such as macrofocus.