The monument is meant to embody a folktale about a mythical tree of life and a magic bird of happiness: the bird, named Samruk, had laid its egg in the crevice between two branches of a poplar tree. The 105m structure consists of a narrow cyllindrical shaft emeshed in flaring white branch-like girders, widening toward the top (the "tree"), where a gold-mirrored 22m-diameter sphere (the "egg") containing the obsevation deck is supported.The altitude of the deck is 97m, symbolizing the year of the capital-transfer to Astana (1997). From its height it is possible to see much of the newly built city. The viewing platform features a gilded hand print (Alakan) of the right hand of NursultanNazarbayev, the first President of the independent Republic of Kazakhstan. An accompanying plaque suggests that visitors place their own hand in the imprint and make a wish; when one does so the Kazakh national anthem plays. In addition to the observation platform, the tower contains a large aquarium and an art gallery.-wikipedia
Transcript of "Folklore and Nationalism in Kazakhstan"
Folklore and EthnicNationalism in Kazakhstan Celia Emmelhainz, Five-minute presentation in ANTH 622, April 2009
Concepts - Folklore• Fakelore: construction/commodification of culture – (Dorson, Dundes)• Folklorism[us]: use of culture by a different folk – (Newall, Bendix 1988)• Folklore as Invention of Tradition – (Hobsbawm & Ranger, Handler & Linnekin 1984)• Concerns with Authenticity
Examples: Folklore and Nationalism• Third Reich/Germany (Kamenetsky 1977)• Hungary (Degh 1984)• Greece (Herzfeld 1986)• Japan (Vlastos 1988)• Maori/New Zealand (Hanson 1989)• Venezuela (Guss 2000)• Israel (Roginsky 2007)• Turkey (Guven 2008)
Russian and Soviet Uses of Folklore- For nationalities and ideology (Grant 1994)- Part of pop culture (Geldern & Stites 1995)- Political and cultural identity (Olson 2004)
Post-Soviet Ethnic Nationalism• State Building into the past and the future• Titular nationalities and state languages• Reclaiming Tamurlane and Genghis Khan• Example of Kazakhstan’s Bayterek monument: a Samruk’s egg
Kazakhstan: Culture through Food• Beshbarmaq (meat and noodle platter)• Qoibas (sheep’s head)• Nan (bread)• Airan (yoghurt)• Manti (dumplings)• Plov (rice dish)• Qymys (fermented mare’s milk)
Kazakhstan: Culture through Music• Akins (poets)• Dombira instrument• Performance, as of Aitys (verbal duels)See also: – Toda 1999 – Rouland 2007
Kazakhstan: Dress and DanceOngoing importance of:• Dance lessons• Performances• Nauruz and other cultural festivals
Picture creditsThis short presentation was made for educational use.• Flag : http://www.thegio.net/kazakhstan/kazakhflag.jpg• Yurt: http://www.ynetnews.com/PicServer2/20022007/1049157/IMG_2693_wh.jpg• Nat’iism: http://adriantansart.com/works/adriantansart/nationalism.w600h600.jpg• Flag: http://www.russianlegacy.com/catalog/images/soviet_collection/flags/FS0088.jpg• Bayterek: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bayterek.jpg• Besbarmak: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Beschbarmak.jpg• Dress: http://folkdance.manas.kg/pictureWeb/big/18.jpg• Dombra: http://ww1.prweb.com/prfiles/2005/01/31/203759/IMG_1159.JPG• Hunter: http://www.ngsprints.co.uk/images/M/701682.jpg
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