Bonding Activity

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Ionic and covalent bonding activity- with Skittles!

Ionic and covalent bonding activity- with Skittles!

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  • 1. Name: ___________________________ Ionic and Covalent Bonding Activity Materials: - 24 Skittles -Electron diagram sheet Directions: Using the electron diagram sheet and the Skittles, you will demonstrate the structure of different atoms and how they would form chemical bonds in order to become stable compounds. The Skittles represent the electrons. You will then answer the questions below. For # 1-6 Demonstrate, using the Skittles, an ionic bond between the following atoms: 1. Be and O Which element gives away electrons? _________________ How many electrons are given away? _________________ What is the charge of each ion after the bond? ___________________ Why are the 2 ions bonded together (what attracts them to each other)? _______________________________________________________________________ 2. Na and H Which element gives away electrons?_______________________ How many electrons are given away? _________________ What is the charge of each ion after the bond? ___________________ Why are the 2 ions bonded together (what attracts them to each other)? _______________________________________________________________________ 3. F and Li Which element gives away electrons?_______________________ How many electrons are given away? _________________ What is the charge of each ion after the bond? ___________________ Why are the 2 ions bonded together (what attracts them to each other)? _______________________________________________________________________ 4. Mg and O Which element gives away electrons?_______________________ How many electrons are given away? _________________ What is the charge of each ion after the bond? ___________________ Why are the 2 ions bonded together (what attracts them to each other)? _______________________________________________________________________ 5. B and N Which element gives away electrons?_______________________ How many electrons are given away? _________________ What is the charge of each ion after the bond? ___________________ Why are the 2 ions bonded together (what attracts them to each other)? _______________________________________________________________________
  • 2. 6. Ne and He Which element gives away electrons?_______________________ How many electrons are given away? _________________ What is the charge of each ion after the bond? ___________________ Why are the 2 ions bonded together (what attracts them to each other)? _______________________________________________________________________ Directions: For # 7-10, demonstrate, using Skittles, a covalent bond between the following atoms: 7. F and He How many electrons are they sharing? ______________________ Why are they sharing the electron(s)? ____________________________________ 8. O and He How many electrons are they sharing? _________________________ Why are they sharing the electron(s)? ____________________________________ 9. N and Ne How many electrons are they sharing? _________________________ Why are they sharing the electron(s)? ____________________________________ 10. H and Ne How many electrons are they sharing? __________________________ Why are they sharing the electron(s)? _____________________________________ Directions: Answer the questions below. 1) What is an ionic bond? __________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _ 2) What is a covalent bond? _________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _ 3) Why are ions (charged particles) created in ionic bonds but not in covalent bonds? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __ 4) What is the charge of an ionic compound? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __
  • 3. 5) What is the difference between an ionic and covalent bond? _____________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __