Y11 GCSE Half Term Exam 1 Mark Scheme
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Y11 GCSE Half Term Exam 1 Mark Scheme

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  • 1. Y11 GCSE Half Term Exam 1 <br />1. Which of the following statement is an example of balanced competition? (1) <br />A. A timed event to see which athlete can balance for the longestB. A gymnastic competition C. A competition where opponents play people of same age D. A competition involving static and dynamic balance <br /> <br />2. Which of the following items would not be considered to be safety equipment? (1) <br />A. Studs on football boots B. A face mask in hockey C. The correct size or weight implement for the activity D. Matching team kit <br />3. Which of the following statements refers to a change that happens to the body during a cool-down? (1) <br />A Heart rate gradually increasesB. Heart rate gradually decreasesC. Lactic acid begins to accumulate D. Increase in the number of red blood cells<br />4. Which of the following statements refers to a change that happens to the body during a warm-up? (1)<br />A Heart rate gradually increasesB. Heart rate gradually decreasesC. Lactic acid begins to accumulate D. Increase in the number of red blood cells<br />5.The cardiovascular system consists of: (1) <br />A The heart, blood, and the lungsB. The heart, blood vessels and the lungsC. The heart, Blood and the blood vesselsD. The blood, blood vessels and the lungs.<br />6. The amount of blood ejected from the heart in one minute is (1)<br />A Stroke Volume B. Cardiac outputC. Heart RateD. Minute volume.<br />6.Doctors will measure an individual’s blood pressure as a general health check. Which of the following statements is correct in relation to blood pressure? (1)<br />A An immediate effect of exercise is to decrease blood pressure<br />B There are three readings of blood pressure: systemic, systolic and diastolic<br />C Systolic blood pressure will be higher than diastolic blood pressure whilst at rest<br />D Diastolic blood pressure will be higher than systolic blood pressure whilst at rest<br />7. Using the words in the table below, complete the following statements about blood flow whilst at rest and during physical activity.<br />Blood Shunting Increased blood flow Lower greater<br />(a) Blood flow to the digestive system is HIGHER . at rest than when exercising. (1)<br />(b) Blood flow to the muscular system is LOWER at rest than when exercising. (1)<br />(c) Reduced blood flow to specific areas of the body is achieved through BLOOD SHUNTING (1)<br />(d) The need for …INCREASED BLOOD FLOW to specific areas of the body during exercise means that performers need to consider the timing of their dietary intake so that performance is not negatively affected. (1) <br />8.Sarah has played rugby for her local club for the last two years.<br /> (a) The risk of her being injured has been reduced by ‘balance competition’. (1)<br /> What does this mean?<br />To make the sport safe by trying to level the competition by grading <br /> ……competitors in various ways e.g. age and gender<br /> (b) State three other ways that players can reduce the risk of injury. (3) <br />obeying the rules<br /> wearing the safety clothing e.g. gum shield in rugby<br /> develop the correct technique e.g. where to put you head in a rugby scrum<br />9.In an attempt to improve their performance some participants will resort to taking performance enhancing drugs. Erythropoietin (EPO) is an example of a performance enhancing drug.<br />
    • If a performer takes EPO what type of activity are they likely to compete in? (1)
    Aerobic/long distance/equiv. <br />
    • How would EPO aid performance? (2)
    1. Increases red blood cell count<br />2. Therefore the performer can carry more oxygen<br />3. For increased energy release<br />. <br /> (c) Give two reasons why a performer should not take EPO (2) <br />1. Considered cheating/unfair advantage/equiv<br />2. Get banned<br />3. damaging side effects/health of the performer<br />4. E.g. increases the viscosity of the blood/equiv<br />5. Therefore increased risk of heart failure<br />. <br />10 Smoking does not form part of a healthy lifestyle. Explain two of the possible negative effects of smoking on health (2) <br />1. It can lead to heart disease/heart attack/strokes/blood clots/angina<br />2. Increased likelihood of lung cancer/emphysema/chronic bronchitis<br />3. Increased risk of developing diabetes in adult life<br />11.Sulliman was aware that when he started to exercise this caused changes to his cardiovascular systems.<br />
    • Give an example of an immediate effect of exercise on his Cardiovascular system. (1)
    • 2. Increased heart rate/increased blood pressure
    (ii) Explain why Sulliman’s cardiovascular system alters in this way during exercise (2)<br />increased oxygen delivery/carbon dioxide transport<br />12.Some participants take illegal performance enhancing drugs to control their heart rate despite the obvious health risks.<br />(a) What effect do beta blockers have on a participant’s heart rate? (1)<br />Calming effect on performer’s heart rate/slows it. <br />(b) Some people take forms of recreational drugs which can harm their body systems and health.<br />What effect does drinking alcohol have on blood pressure? (1)<br />Raises the blood pressure<br />13.State two potential long term effects of regular exercise on Lucy’s cardiovascular system? (2)<br />Any two of the following:<br />lower blood pressure/equivalent<br />lower resting heart rate<br />increased stroke volume<br />faster recovery<br />increased cardiac output<br />increased size of heart<br />14.For each of the following component of blood, state whether the components main function is transport or protection (4)<br />i. white cells PROTECTION <br />ii. red cells TRANSPORT <br />iii. plasma TRANSPORT <br />iv. platelets PROTECTION <br />15.Fill in the blanks using the word arteries or veins. (4)<br />i. …ARTERIES Work under high pressure <br />ii. …VEINS Rarely pulsate <br />iii. ARTERIES have thick walls <br />iv. ARTERIES .have elastic walls. <br />16. Define the terms stroke volume & heart rate (2)<br />Stroke Volume. THE VOLUME OF BLOOD PUMPED OUT OF THE HEART BY EACH VENTRICLE DURING ONE CONTACTION<br />Heart Rate . THE NUMBER OF TIMES THE HEAR BEATS PER MIN (BPM) <br />17. Explain the immediate effect of exercise on Stroke volume (1)<br />INCREASES<br /> (__________/40 marks) %=_________________ GCSE GRADE:_____________________<br />