Unit 1.1 – EXAM 11. Target group is a term now used extensively when discussing access to sport and recreation.(a) Define target group (1 mark)A group identified as not participating fully in sport and recreation (1) A minority group/(b) Identify two target groups and explain how their access to sport and recreation is restricted. (6 marks)Explanation – up to 2 marks for each explanation.Group - old (1)/disabled (1)/young (1)/unemployed (1)/low income (1)/ethnicminorities (1)/female (1)/low social economic groups (1) etc.(c) Outline THREE changes sporting facilities can make to encourage participation amongst target groups (3 marks)Any three from the following:Concessions/cheaper rates (1)Programming/specific sessions (1)Taster days/open days (1)Increase range of activities/sports on offer (1).2. A number of recent surveys on fitness have raised concerns about the fitness of young people in the UK.(a) Discuss how changes in lifestyle may have created some of these problems. (3 marks)Any three from the following:Young people now have more alternatives in their leisure (1)Rise in popularity/access of computer/TV/video (1)Rise in car ownership/transport issues (1)School run now done by car/not walking (1)Pressures on school curriculum/squeezing out time for sport (1).(b) Outline, using two specific examples, how sporting organisations are attempting to reverse this trendamongst young people. (4 marks)Any three from the following:Concessions/cheaper rates (1)Programming/specific sessions (1)Taster days/open days (1)Increase range of activities/sports on offer (1).3. A number of contemporary concerns are labeled as hypokinetic disorders.(a) Explain what a hypokinetic disorder is and describe three such contemporary disorders (4 marks)• Obesity: is when a persons body fat levels are 25 per cent greater than their suggested gender norms.• Coronary heart disease: is the end result of the accumulation of plaques and fatty deposits within the walls of thearteries that supply the myocardium.• High blood pressure: blood pressure is the force exerted by your blood within the arteries. High blood pressure iswhen the systolic and diastolic readings are higher than 140/90.
• High cholesterol: is when your LDL cholesterol level is greater than recommended.• Stress: is a stimulus that produces responses, either physiological or psychological. Stress is deemed as bad whenthe responses prevent or inhibit your capacity to function. At this point their will be significant and potentially veryserious symptoms.• Diabetes: is a disease that is characterised by the body’s inability to make sufficient insulin or alternatively itsresistance to insulin.• Metabolic syndrome: is a combination of medical disorders that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease anddiabetes.4. Correct nutrition is an essential consideration for any serious athlete in order to provide the energynecessary for training and competition(a) Three food groups can provide energy, name the three food groups and using the example of a marathonrunner give the appropriate percentages required by the performer. Explain the reason behind the givenquantities (9 marks) Food group Power athlete Aerobic athlete Fats Approx 10–15% of dietary intake. Approx 10% of dietary intake Athletes need to gain weight Excess fat is not and protein sources are required/pursuing a diet with frequently accompanied by less than 10% fat would be too higher fat contents/a slightly difficult / fat should be utilised higher body fat level is not so during recovery training critical for a power athlete Carbohydrates Approx 50–55% of dietary intake Approx 65 - 70% of dietary intake Required to fuel high Required as main fuel source for intensity but short duration majority of activity / training will activity / actual work time frequently drain glycogen stores will be shorter than for an aerobic athlete Proteins Approximate 30–40% Approximate 25–30% Required to repair muscle Required to repair muscle tissue damage / facilitate damage after intense or growth / enable recovery excessively long duration which is the primary goal of activities each training session5. Define what leading a ‘sedentary lifestyle’ means (1 mark)A lifestyle that is predominantly lacking in physical activity6. Define the terms in sport and recreation and explain why they are represented in a pyramid. • Sport = competitive physical activities with serious organisation/rules and regulations
• Sport extrinsic and intrinsic rewards• Recreation = non-competitive activities/ limited organisation• Recreation intrinsic focus/enjoyment• More people have access to recreation• Sport is selective• Sport requires higher level of funding and organisation• Relationship/link/explanation of top and bottom of pyramid/role models7. Outline the benefits that a country may achieve from a successful ‘Sport for All’ programme. • healthier population, fitter population• less impact on health service/more efficient workforce/less time off• sporting success/more population to select from/global sports success• reduction in crime/social control• social integration/breaking down social and racial barriers• consumer spending/economic benefit/VAT• external status/shop window/ external / image / tourism / investment / chance to host major games(39 MARKS)