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  • 1. Best Practices for Workplace Charging EV Roadmap 6 Portland, July 30, 2013 Jasna Tomic – CALSTART 1
  • 2. Growing Number of PEV Models 2
  • 3.  Fills a critical gap in PEV Infrastructure needs  Extends the range of PEVs and builds the market  Allows for more electric only miles for PHEV’s  Creates local ‘PEV showrooms’ for info sharing on vehicles  EV’s can act as ‘employee pool cars’ for day trips Importance of Workplace Charging
  • 4. EV Sales Compared to HEV
  • 5. Numbers of Workplace Chargers 11 Source Navigant CURRENT NUMBERS - ? DOE’s Alt Fuel Station Locator 7,500 EV stations total 6,100 EV private
  • 6. 1 Workplace Charger for Every 3 PEVs = Need 300,000 workplace EVSE by 2017 210,000 350,000
  • 7. Developing Tools and Resources for Workplace Charging  Website to share resources across regions and showcase case studies www.evworkplace.org  Understand Barriers to faster growth  Identify process steps that are too costly and/or lengthy  Identify successfully implemented programs – what makes them special  Workplace Charging – Best Practices Guideline with updates  CA Plug-in Collaborative - workplace charging WG  Quick guide for workplace charging  Case studies on workplace charging
  • 8. How Best Practices for Workplace Charging Were Developed Workshop I (July 2012 – Google) Survey of companies 7 Interactive Monthly Web Meetings Interviews with Pioneering and Interested Companies Review of Relevant Reports and Literature 9 EEVI – Employer EV Initiative
  • 9. Elements of Best Practices for Workplace Charging Gain Internal Support Employee Survey & Site Electrical System Evaluation Choose Appropriate System Install System Establish Internal Procedure Monitor and Evaluate 10
  • 10. Costs • Hardware costs – Level 1… just the cord to ~$1,000 – Level 2: $500 - $5,000 – DC Fast charging: $15,000 • Installation costs – Can vary greatly depending on site conditions – Few $100 to $5,000 per EVSE • Operating costs – Commercial el rates in US $ 0.8 -0.15/kWh – Network costs – site host, monthly charge $30/EVSE, membership for user – Demand charges – can be avoided if managed, cost $10- 30/kW 12
  • 11. Different Solutions Important to understand companies specific needs Size the infrastructure to the needs Implement and monitor There are a variety of different cases 13
  • 12. Tax Questions While no specific rules mention EV charging, these rules are being used as guidelines • Taxpayers can exclude from gross income any fringe benefit that qualifies as a “de minimis” fringe benefit (section 132(a)(4) of the Code). EV charging not specifically identified • Section 132 (f)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, “Commuter Tax Benefits,” allows for a fringe benefit exclusion for qualified parking. In 2013 this value was $245 per month. 14
  • 13. Since PEV charging is not explicit, related examples of de minimus limits are: PEV Workplace Charging Employee Benefit IRS Tax Code: definition of “de minimus” benefits Source: http://www.irs.gov/ pub/irs-pdf/p15b.pdf Consult your tax professionals for official guidance.
  • 14. 16 EXAMPLES
  • 15. EV Employer Initiative EV Chargers at Fox Studios Currently have 20 Level 2 chargers • 17 Blink and 3 Clipper Creek • 4 in each parking structure, 3 on lot, 1 in transportation • 40 - 50 users at present Why Install EV Chargers? Employee interest • Hybrid & EV incentive program ($4,000) • EVs in fleet
  • 16. Department of General Services (CA) • DGS funding for the purchase and installation of 24 level 2EVSEs March 2012 • The EVSE stations have been used 44 times a month • Users are monthly and public parkers • DGS plans on installing 9 additional EV charging stations at the Fleet Garage located 1416 10th Street in Sacramento to support the DGS electric vehicle fleet. 18
  • 17. 19
  • 18. Evernote • 44 PEVs • 10 EVSE • HOV subsidy program 20
  • 19. 21
  • 20. ACKNOWLEDGMENT Whitney Pitkanen, Mary Kathryn Campbell Funded in Part by: Bay Area AQMD, South Coast AQMD, CA Plug-in Vehicle Collaborative 22
  • 21. CALSTART Clean Transportation Technologies and Solutions Jasna Tomic jtomic@calstart.org