Mexico and US Expansion


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The conclusion of our notes on Mexico and the United States (including currect statistics and the Mexican-American War)

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Mexico and US Expansion

  1. 1. Mexico Expansion 1810-1856
  2. 2. 1824 <ul><li>A newly free Mexico wants to settle in their northern most regions </li></ul><ul><li>Americans were living in this territory and the Mexican government wanted them to become Catholic </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1835 <ul><li>Tejanos (Americans of Texas) </li></ul><ul><li>Miles and Sam Austin </li></ul><ul><li>Republic of Texas declares Independence and begins a War with Mexico </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Including the Battle at the Alamo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>War ended in 1836 </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican Government </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1845 Texas joins the United States of America
  5. 6. MANIFEST DESTINY IN THE UNITED STATES <ul><li>1840’s: United States wants to extend the “boundaries of freedom” </li></ul>
  6. 7. Reasons for Expansion in the US <ul><li>Higher birth rates and increases in population due to immigration. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearly 4 million move west between 1820-1850 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two economic depressions (1818 & 1839) </li></ul><ul><li>Frontier land was cheap (or free) </li></ul><ul><li>New areas for commerce and individual self-advancement </li></ul><ul><li>Land ownership = personal power </li></ul><ul><li>Desire to trade on the West Coast </li></ul>
  7. 8. 1845 <ul><li>Mexico breaks off friendly ties with the United States after they make Texas a state (James Polk is US President) </li></ul><ul><li>US General Zachary Taylor moves into Mexican land near the Rio Grande </li></ul><ul><li>The Mexican American War begins! </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interesting Fact! Ulysses S. Grant (against the war), Abraham Lincoln (against the war) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. 1847 <ul><li>Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico surrenders in Mexico City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico gives up over 1/3 of it’s territory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Texas, California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, Wyoming & Colorado) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US was to pay $15 million (not completely paid) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Consequences of Conflict <ul><li>1. The United States acquired the northern half of Mexico . This area later became the U.S. states of California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico and Utah. </li></ul><ul><li>2. President Santa Anna lost power in Mexico following the war . </li></ul><ul><li>3. U.S. General Zachary Taylor used his fame as a war hero to win the Presidency in 1848. A true irony is that President Polk, a Democrat, pushed for the war that led to Taylor, a Whig, winning the White House. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Relations between the United States and Mexico remained tense for many decades to come, with several military encounters along the border . </li></ul><ul><li>5. For the United States, this war provided a training-ground for the men who would lead the Northern and Southern armies in the upcoming American Civil War. </li></ul>
  10. 11. War Casualities <ul><li>United States -- 13,780 dead, many more wounded. </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico -- Much higher than the U.S. total. One figure put Mexican casualties at approximately 25,000. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Territory the United States Received in Treaty <ul><li>All of the Mexicans living in this territory instantly became Americans. They had the choice to move or they could stay </li></ul>
  12. 13. Hispanics in the United States Today <ul><li>Hispanic and Latino are ethnic terms, not racial terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hispanics and Latinos can be of any race </li></ul></ul><ul><li>16% of the US Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>48.4 million people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Largest ethnic minority in the United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Black Americans are the largest racial minority </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Statistics <ul><li>49% of the total Hispanic population lives in either California or Texas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>California, Texas, Florida, New York and Illinois (5 states with largest populations) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>44% of the population in New Mexico is Hispanic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>About 35% of the California and Texas’ population are Hispanic </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Origins <ul><li>64% of all Hispanics in the United States today are Mexican </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9% Puerto Rican </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4% Cuban </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Close to 11 million illegal immigrants living in the United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>56% from Mexico; 22% from other Spanish Speaking Countries </li></ul></ul>
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