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Colombia notes
Colombia notes
Colombia notes
Colombia notes
Colombia notes
Colombia notes
Colombia notes
Colombia notes
Colombia notes
Colombia notes
Colombia notes
Colombia notes
Colombia notes
Colombia notes
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Colombia notes

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  • 1. Location  In Northern South America  Borders Caribbean Sea, Pacific Ocean, Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil  Twice the size of Texas
  • 2. Republic of Colombia “LiberdadyOrden” Capital: Bogotá Language: Spanish Ethnic Groups  58% Mestizo  Mix of European and Indian/Native  26% White  15% African  1% Indian
  • 3. Government Juan Manuel Santos Information Calderon Bicameral  Congress of 104 Senators & House of Representatives with 166 Voting Age: 18 years old President since Aug. 2010 Serves a 4 year term
  • 4. Environment  Welcome to the Ring of Fire!  15 active major volcanoes  Devastating earthquakes , floods, tsunamis  Human destruction: pollution, military conflicts, deforestation, f ossil fuels, contamination
  • 5. An example of the large environmental problems inHuman waste and garbage in Colombiacity water supply
  • 6. Economy 48% live below the poverty line Largely agricultural but growing industry  Problems! One of the world’s leading suppliers of coffee
  • 7. Coca The Coca Plant is indigenous to Colombia and is a native andessential plant to the livelihood of the country.When chewed, coca acts as a mild stimulant and suppresseshunger, thirst, pain, and fatigue.Plant that is the source of cocaine.
  • 8. History of Colombia A brief history of Colombia
  • 9. Colonial Times 1525 – First Spanish permanent settlement in Santa Maria  Spanish colonists live all throughout South America during this time May 1810: Breaking News!  Napoleons forces conquer Southern Spain. Napoleon appoints his brother Joe as King of Spain  Problems everywhere
  • 10. Gran Colombia Spanish colonies = Spanish Pride  Strongly disliked French leadership 1816 – Independence from Spain (but part of the United Provinces) 1819 – 1830: Gran Colombia = one large country of Colombia, Venezuela and part of Peru
  • 11. Early Republic HistoryCharacterized by military conflicts and political instability: many people but no real leader
  • 12. Notable Issues Thousands Days War: 1899-1902  100,000 citizens killed Building of the Panama Canal in 1903 (Working with the United States) “La Violencia”: 1940’s and 1950’s  300,000 killed

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