Chile presentation

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Chile presentation

  1. 1. Chile
  2. 2. At a glance . . . LocationOccupies the southwestern tip of South America; east of thePacific Ocean, south of Boliviaand Peru and west of Argentina 2,600 miles long and about 150 miles wide
  3. 3.  Population  Religion  approx. 17 million  Roman Catholic (70%)  (Florida = 18,328,324)  Evangelical Christians (15%) Largest Cities  Divisions  Santiago (capital)  15 divisions Money  peso Languages  Spanish
  4. 4. History (12,000 BC) Native American inhabitants reside in the valleys of Chile; these Native American tribes come from across the Pacific, North America and other parts of South America. (1400 CE) The Incan empire extends from Peru into northern Chile (1520) Francisco Magellan passes through Chile when he goes through the Straits of Magellan
  5. 5. • (1537) Diego de Almagroleaves Peru and sets up Chilean Civil Warcommunities in Chile Royal loyalists vs. independents•(1609) Spain officiallyclaims Chile; it is the least (Spain) vs. (Spanish colonists)profitable region under Struggle ends in the 1820’s withtheir control and is largely Chile earning fullagricultural independence in 1840•(1810) The Chilean CivilWar & the War ofIndependence
  6. 6. War of the Pacific•(1879) Chile wins the Warof the Pacific and earns landfrom Peru and Bolivia
  7. 7. Easter Island(1888) Chile takes control of Easter Island in the Pacific
  8. 8. Government Instability•(1924) In response to the growing lower andmiddle classes, a military coup overthrowsthe president; leads to a long period ofgovernment instability•(1967) The economy of Chile is crippling;President Salvador Allende gives money tobanks to stabilize the economy; also wageincreases, price freezes and tax reforms; Cubacomes to Chile’s aid and the United Statestries to block that help
  9. 9. Military Coup (1973) Military forces attack the capital and President Allende allegedly commits suicide; General AugustoPinochet comes into power and immediately begins to rule a regime with many human violations
  10. 10. Woman President(2006) Chile elects theirfirst woman president, asocialist name MichelleBachelet

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