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Larevolutionfrancaise

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Transcript

  • 1. LA RE VOLU TION FRA NCA ISE 14 JUILLET 1789
  • 2. Be fo re…..
    • France was ruled by the monarchy
    • At the time the King was King Louis XVI
    • He was awkward, weak, shy
    • and very fat
    • His Queen was called Marie Antoinette
    • She was hated by the people because she was from Austria and she let the people know that she preferred Austria to France!
  • 3. Cla ss es…..
    • Aristocrats : Lords and ladies who were very rich and did not work
    • Middle Classes : Rich e.g. clergy, lawyers, but they wanted more power and a Parliament like in England
    • Common People : Peasants and labourers who had a very hard life. Paid a lot of taxes – even one for being born!!
  • 4. 14 July 1789
    • The most famous day of the French Revolution when the people joined together to demand change from the King.
  • 5. 14 July 1789
    • Tension was rising in Paris
    • Riots due to lack of food and high prices
    • Crowds gathered outside the Bastille – a prison used for people who criticised the King.
    • Some people were imprisoned there without a trial.
  • 6. 14 July 1789
    • As crowds grew bigger, the Prison Commander, the Marquis de Launay, ordered his guards to open fire.
    • Two men climbed onto the roof
    • and opened the drawbridge
    • so the crowd could storm into the courtyard of the prison.
    • The prisoner commander surrendered as the crowds rampaged through the prison.
  • 7. 14 July 1789
    • Three prison officers were butchered
    • The Commander de Launay had
    • his head hacked off, stuck on
    • a pole and paraded through the streets of Paris.
    • It was only in the evening that the crowds remembered the prisoners and went back to release them
    • But there were only 7 in the whole prison!
  • 8. La Revo lution Francaise
    • The King was afraid
    • He was living in the Palais de Versailles with his Queen.
    • In October a group of women went to the Palais to protest about bread shortages.
    • They were accompanied by the National Guard
    • They wanted to bring the King back to Paris.
  • 9. La Rev olution Francaise
    • The National Guard brought the King and Queen back to Paris where they were held as prisoners.
    • The King made secret plans to escape
    • But their attempts to flee to Austria were in vain.
    • They were recaptured and returned to Paris
  • 10. La Revo lution Francaise
    • More and more people wanted France to become a Republic (with a President)
    • Finally the King was tried in court – he was accused of causing the deaths of the people
    • The trial lasted 24 days
    • He was found GUILTY
    • He was sentenced to death
  • 11. La Rev olution Francaise
    • He was told of his fate on 20 January 1793
    • The next day he was prepared for his execution
    • His neck was shaved
    • He was to be killed by the GUILLOTINE
    • His final words were: “ My people, I die innocent”
    • France was now a REPUBLIC
  • 12. AUJO URD ’HUI
    • President Jacques Chirac
    • Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin