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Design to Theme @ CMSExpo
 

Design to Theme @ CMSExpo

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    Design to Theme @ CMSExpo Design to Theme @ CMSExpo Presentation Transcript

    • Basic Design for Drupal Emma Jane Hogbin @emmajanedotnet emma@designtotheme.com www.designtotheme.com
    • Agenda ● A short, analogy-filled, treatise on designing for Drupal. ● <your questions /> ● Anatomy of a Theme ● <your questions /> ● Base <your questions /> Themes ● Making Themes ● <your questions><my answers /></your questions>
    • Pre-requisites to Theming Drupal ● Get the handout. ● Understand that you will make mistakes and that it’s ok to make mistakes. ● Have a toolkit.
    • Overview of Drupal’s Theming System
    • Theming WordPress A “pull” system http://www.flickr.com/photos/13879801@N00/96609354/
    • Theming Drupal A prep and “push” system Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sebbisuperstar/2470560831
    • Flow of Themed Content
    • ANSIs: Areas of Natural and Scientific Interest Low priority High priority Source: http://www.bsc-eoc.org/organization/giswork.html
    • Tree Spotting
    • Rendered Page Logo Primary Links Search Block View (block) Login block Navigation menu
    • Rendered Page ● page.tpl.php Logo: Site information Menu Primary Links ● $primary_links ● $secondary_links Node Block ● $logo ● $footer_message ● node.tpl.php Node Region ● block.tpl.php Node Block Pager Menu or Secondary Links Footer: Site information
    • Which means... ● Drupal uses Theme Engines to style available content independently of the module layer. ● The most commonly used engine is PHPtemplate which is a “prepare and push” system, this differs from WordPress’s “pull” system. ● Complete Web pages of rendered HTML are compiled from different sources in the theme. ● Design for individual Drupal page elements, not the whole page.
    • Creating Your First Theme
    • My Steps for Creating a Theme 0.Wireframes with Balsamiq + specs. 1.Colour palate + grid + imagination + GiMP. 2.Base theme, text files, version control. 3.Rebuild the PSD in Drupal (or slice + convert). 4.Launch MVT. 5.Theme by UX, not by module or tpl.php.
    • Step 0: Wireframes + Specs
    • Creating Front Page Shapes
    • Creating Content Page Shapes
    • Drupal Components for Balsamiq Created by Top Notch Themes Available from: http://mockupstogo.net/drupal- cms-components
    • Step 1: Grid + colour palate + imagination + GiMP.
    • Establish the Framework 1.Grid layout: 960.gs templates 2.Colour palate: colourlovers.com, colorschemedesigner.com 3.Page elements: see wireframes and site specs
    • Creating a Basic Design 1.Background: texture, image, colour 2.Place page elements: see wireframes and specs 3.Decorate: texture, flourishes, illustration, photography 4.Typography and font selection 5.Edges and borders: page, block 6.Lists: indents, margins, padding 7.Actions: default, hover, active, .active
    • Decorating and Designing If that last slide offended you go watch http://sf2010.drupal.org/conference/sessions/st op-decorating-and-start-designing while I carry on with my decorator lesson for those of us who don’t poop designs for breakfast.
    • Background with Texture
    • Grid and Blocks
    • Page Elements
    • Change Palate
    • Change Palate (again)
    • http://www.scribbleoneverything.com/prints/type-o-file/-preorder-so-you-need-a-typeface-poster/prod_260.html
    • Fill in the Blanks
    • Regions + Variables Acquia Slate http://fusiondrupalthemes.com/theme/acquia-slate
    • Optimize your Design Files ● Theme by element: node, teaser, blocks, breadcrumbs, pager, site name, shopping cart. ● Sort layers into element-related folders. ● Use Web fonts in your design. ● Use the 960.gs grid templates. ● Create colour palates. ● Use a style guide.
    • Step 2: Base theme, text files, version control.
    • Base Themes ● A base theme is a collection of defaults that you can adjust in your own theme. It is not meant to be used as-is. It is meant to be a foundation of adjustable assumptions. ● Elements to inspect: SEO, accessibility, additional functions, documentation, CSS grid framework.
    • (Some of) My Fave Base Themes ● Lazy: 960.gs ● Super lazy: Fusion ● Ultra powerful: Zen
    • How to use a Base theme ● Download the base theme and read its documentation. ● Create a new theme which references your chosen base theme in the .info file. ● Choose which properties need to be adjusted with custom tpl.php files and other stuff we won’t get to today.
    • Create Your Theme 1.Make a new folder (start with letters). 2.Add to it a text file named foldername.info 3.Copy the sample settings from the handout into your .info file.
    • Your Theme’s .info file name = My First Theme description = Featuring multiple pony­friendly regions. core = 6.x engine = phptemplate base theme = ninesixty ; Add pony­friendly regions, CSS and Javascript files regions[shetland] = Left sidebar, column 1 stylesheets[all][] = my_theme_styles.css scripts[] = myscript.js
    • Step 3: Rebuild the PSD in Drupal (or slice + convert).
    • <html goes here> Copy the page.tpl.php from your base theme and/or use: http://api.drupal.org/api/drupal/modules--system--page.tpl.php/6/source Repeat for page-front.tpl.php
    • It’s too hard. Show me how! Pink sherbert photography http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/3372060864/
    • Step 4: Launch Your MVT
    • Uploading your Theme ● Base theme: /sites/all/themes ● Your theme: /sites/domainname.com/themes ● Enabling the theme: ?q=/admin/build/themes ● When in doubt: clear Drupal’s cache
    • Step 5: Theme the Rest by UX
    • Themer Module
    • $node object $node­>nid $node­>body $node­>content['body'][#value]
    • <?php node.tpl.php (theme: fusion) // $Id: node.tpl.php,v 1.1.2.2 2009/11/11  05:26:25 sociotech Exp $ ?> <div id="node­<?php print $node­>nid; ?>"      <div class="content clearfix"> class="node <?php print $node_classes; ?       <?php print $content ?> >">     </div>   <div class="inner"> <?php if ($terms): ?>     <?php print $picture ?>     <div class="terms"> <?php if ($page == 0): ?>       <?php print $terms; ?>     <h2 class="title"><a href="<?php print      </div> $node_url ?>" title="<?php print $title ?     <?php endif;?> >"><?php print $title ?></a></h2> <?php if ($links): ?>     <?php endif; ?>       <div class="links"> <?php if ($submitted): ?>       <?php print $links; ?>     <div class="meta">     </div>       <span class="submitted"><?php print      <?php endif; ?> $submitted ?></span>   </div><!­­ /inner ­­>     </div>     <?php endif; ?>   <?php if ($node_bottom && !$teaser): ? <?php if ($node_top && !$teaser): ?> >     <div id="node­top" class="node­top row    <div id="node­bottom" class="node­ nested"> bottom row nested">       <div id="node­top­inner"      <div id="node­bottom­inner"  class="node­top­inner inner"> class="node­bottom­inner inner">         <?php print $node_top; ?>       <?php print $node_bottom; ?>       </div><!­­ /node­top­inner ­­>     </div><!­­ /node­bottom­inner ­­>     </div><!­­ /node­top ­­>   </div><!­­ /node­bottom ­­>     <?php endif; ?>   <?php endif; ?> </div><!­­ /node­<?php print $node­>nid;  ?> ­­>
    • tpl.php files to override styles ● Individual template files make up a whole page (see the handout). ● tpl.php files include: page.tpl.php, node.tpl.php, node- contenttype.tpl.php, comment.tpl.php ● Look at the source of a tpl.php file to find variables that can be moved and altered. ● Use the Devel + Themer Modules ● Alter variable contents with http://drupal.org/node/223430 ● See also: api.drupal.org
    • You’re a Themer! http://www.flickr.com/photos/14150482@N02/2526889807/
    • My 5 Steps for Creating a Theme 0.Wireframes the specs. 1.Colour palate + grid + imagination + GiMP. 2.Base theme, text files, version control. 3.Rebuild the PSD in Drupal (or slice + convert). 4.Launch MVT. 5.Theme by UX, not by module or tpl.php.
    • Sharing Your Designs ● Licensing: GPL the “codey bits.” ● Creating a project on drupal.org (and also http://themegarden.org/drupal6/) ● Selling your themes (www.topnotchthemes.com)
    • And that was... Basically How You Theme Drupal Emma Jane Hogbin @emmajanedotnet emma@designtotheme.com www.designtotheme.com Remind me I have one Balsamiq license to give away. Also: online classes start next week.