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Responsive Web Design for Drupal, CMS Expo
 

Responsive Web Design for Drupal, CMS Expo

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    Responsive Web Design for Drupal, CMS Expo Responsive Web Design for Drupal, CMS Expo Presentation Transcript

    • Responsive Web Design for Drupal www.responsivewebdesignguild.com @emmajanedotnet emma@designtotheme.com
    • I am IAM
    • SorryA boot eh?
    • Drupaldrupal.org/user/1773 Photo: morten.dk Legs: walkah
    • Author / Trainerhttp://www.designtotheme.com/workshopshttp://www.designtotheme.com/ebooks
    • </me>
    • Agenda● Whirlwind tour of responsive web design.● Crash course on base themes in Drupal.● Applying responsive principles to Drupal sites.● Case study #1: responsive retrofit● Case study #2: using Fusion● Awesome give-away
    • IntroductionIn the beginning: ● Flexible Layouts ● Media queries ● Resizeable Images
    • Flexible Layouts
    • Screen Sizes● 320px / 80px per column = 4 columns● 480px / 80px = 6 columns● 600px / 80px = 7 columns with extra breathing room● 768px / 80px = 9 columns with extra breathing room● 960px / 80px = 12 columns
    • Media Queries in HTML<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"media="screen and (max-width: 320px)”href="320-and-smaller.css" />
    • Media Queries in CSS@media screen and (max-width: 320px) { #content, #nav, #sidebar { width: 100%; } #banner { display: none; }}
    • Flexible Content● Images, Media● Formsimg, iframe, embed, object, input, form { max-width: 100%;}
    • Tables● Decide how to linearize your data and collapse or hide <td>s as appropriate.
    • IE8 and Lower● Polyfill: a javascript shim that replicates the standard API for older browsers (e.g. for media queries, border radius, etc).● respond.js● adapt.js – doesn’t serve stuff until it can be used by the browser (good for bandwidth)● modernizr
    • Viewport Sizes
    • Adaptive Navigation
    • Responsive Media Handling● This is not solved yet. We’re still working on what a “best practice” is.● Typically a JS script determines screen size and reports back to the server.● Server then gives predetermined “low bandwidth” content.● However, small screen doesnt always mean “low bandwidth.” Its just easier to make that assumption.● e.g. http://drupal.org/project/responsive_images
    • Your Responsive ToolkitCheck out your handout forresources.
    • Summary● Responsive web sites are “just” sites that squish down politely.● The technology is harder because of our expectations of delivering perfect content.● By using existing libraries we can provide an acceptable experience to browsers that dont support modern tech.
    • Drupal ThemesProvides “overrides” for any CSS or HTML markup inDrupal core or contrib modules. Occasionally addadditional effects.
    • Base Themes Drupal● Base themes are a set of improved theming defaults over Drupal core.● If your base theme doesnt improve Drupal, its not the right base theme for you.● http://www.designtotheme.com/blog/base-themes
    • My Fave Base Themes● Zen has amazing documentation. Use with Zen Grids for maximum efficiency.● NineSixty is my go-to theme for quickly banging out just about any theme.● Fusion is my go-to theme when I will be handing off the site to someone else to maintain who is tech savvy and may need to update the layout later on.
    • Responsive + Drupal = ?● Creating a responsive Drupal site can be as simple as applying a single style sheet.● http://drupal.org/project/domicile_responsive
    • Planning the Retrofit● Audit the content on the site.● Identify content break points.● Determine page element characteristics for each new width.● Bonus: allocate time for retrofit based on visitor stats.
    • Planning the Retrofit● Identify the goal of every type of page. “Beauty” is not a page goal. (And if it is, you’re doing it wrong.)● Audit the content on the site.● Identify content break points.● Determine page element characteristics for each new width.● Bonus: allocate time for retrofit based on visitor browser stats.
    • Content Audit● Find all the different kinds of things you display on the site.● Make a spreadsheet if you have a big site.● If relevant, note the contextual relationships of content pieces (e.g. user picture + video submission).
    • Identify Break Points● Retrofit is (sort of) a luxury because you have real content.● Use content, not device sizes, to determine break points.● Stretch / expand your browser to find where the design “breaks”.
    • Domicile – Original Design
    • Domicile – under 960px
    • Domicile – under 750px
    • Domicile – under 600px
    • Page Element Characteristics● Navigation (reflow)● Font sizes (allow to adapt)● Imagery (is it necessary to accomplish page goals?)
    • Flexible Layouts●Add a new CSS file to your theme that will override fixed- pixel #ID and .class properties.stylesheets[all][] = responsive­default.css
    • Media Queries● Based on your content’s break points, set up the media queries in your new CSS file.@media screen and (max­width: 960px) {}● Assign new properties and values for containers, fonts and navigation.
    • Revised – Below 960px
    • Revised – Below 750px
    • Revised – Below 650px
    • Below 650px With Nav Fix
    • Flexible Content● Reset fixed-width content to be fluid.● Images, Forms, Video● Maybe also data tables.
    • Viewport Sizes● Create a new template file html.tpl.php● Add the relevant meta tags● Don’t forget to clear Drupal’s cache
    • Maybe Support IE● Choose and use a polyfill.● e.g. respond.js
    • Test Your Site● Check content reflows.● Check rich media resizes.● Check navigation is usable.● Adjust CSS if necessary.
    • Retrofit Summary● Define your goals for each page.● Ensure your page goals can be met for a variety of device sizes.● Apply relevant CSS media queries to ensure content “squishes”.
    • Working with Fusion
    • Get It For YourselfThe responsive Drupal theme, Alloy, isavailable from:http://drupal.org/project/alloy
    • Fusion● Uses 960gs with 12 columns by default.● Uses more than just regions for layout.● Uses “skins” to alter the properties of blocks for layout.● Most configuration done through the admin interface.● Well documented.
    • DisclaimerFusion is my favourite GUI-based basetheme.● I love their team of developers.● The skins are great for clients who want to extend their site.● They don’t rush to market with the latest feature. They get it right the first time.
    • Responsive Features● Flexible layouts.● Sane media queries with four layouts.● Context-aware forms. Need to add responsiveness for rich media.● Supports older browsers with polyfill css3- mediaqueries.js● Focuses on “show all” approach, so there are no hidden elements eating up bandwidth.
    • Layouts● Desktop only screen and (min-width:1200px)● Tablet (landscape) only screen and (max-device-width: 1024px) and (orientation:landscape), only screen and (min-width:960px) and (max- width:1199px) and (min-device-width: 1100px)● Tablet (portrait) only screen and (max-device-width: 1024px) and (orientation:portrait), only screen and (min-width:768px) and (max-width:959px) and (min-device-width: 1100px)● Mobile only screen and (max-width:759px)● These can all be easily adjusted in the UI.
    • Regions + Blocks● Fusion relies on the 960gs for its regions and block configurations.● You may subdivide any region into more columns by assigning the width of a block.
    • Default Layout
    • Alloy Design
    • Wireframe
    • Alloy Responsive● Fusion compresses the wireframe for desktop -> tablet.● The mobile layout is linearized.● You can choose the position of the sidebars through the UI for each of the layouts.● With additional CSS you might want to collapse / linearize regions for the the tablet – portrait display.
    • Desktop (1200px)
    • Tablet – Landscape (960px)
    • Tablet – Portrait (768px)
    • Mobile
    • Applying Skins
    • Applying Grid Width Skins
    • Applying Layout Skins
    • Navigation● Using superfish JS library.● No additional adjustments are made for mobile-friendly navigation.● You can make these adjustments based on the Domicile retrofit.● Or look at the beta superfish options for touch-friendly navigation.
    • Get It For YourselfThe responsive Drupal theme, Alloy, isavailable from:http://drupal.org/project/alloy
    • Give Aways! @emmajanedotnet emma@designtotheme.com www.responsivewebdesignguild.com