21st century research profiles handout 15 04-2013


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21st century research profiles handout 15 04-2013

  1. 1. 21st Century Research ProfilesUsing social media to benefit your researchParticipant handoutWorkshop facilitator:Dr Emma Gillaspy, Vitae NW Hub Manager (University of Manchester)  Twitter: twitter.com/vitaenwhub  Blog: vitaenwhub.posterous.com/  Website: www.vitae.ac.uk/nwhubTODAYS PRESENTATION CAN BE VIEWED AT:http://prezi.com/user/emmagillaspyThis workshop was developed by Dr Emma Gillaspy for Vitae and the Universityof Exeter 15 April 2013Thanks to Alys Kay and Cristina Costa for co-authoring this handout
  2. 2. ContentsOverview ...................................................................................................................................................... 3Programme.................................................................................................................................................. 3Reciprocity ................................................................................................................................................... 3Wisdom of the crowd ................................................................................................................................. 4Communication style for social media .................................................................................................... 5Information management .......................................................................................................................... 5Collaborative working ................................................................................................................................ 5Networking .................................................................................................................................................. 7Digital identity............................................................................................................................................ 10Netiquette .................................................................................................................................................. 11Top Tips ..................................................................................................................................................... 11Appendix 1: Social media tools .............................................................................................................. 12 1. Managing RSS feeds using iGoogle ......................................................................................... 12 2. Microblogging ................................................................................................................................ 13 3. Blogging ......................................................................................................................................... 15 4. Social referencing using CiteULike............................................................................................ 17 5. Presentation sharing using SlideShare ..................................................................................... 19 6. Social networking using LinkedIn .............................................................................................. 21 7. Collaborative writing using Google Drive .................................................................................. 22Appendix 2: Additional tools and resources ......................................................................................... 24Appendix 3: Links ..................................................................................................................................... 26 Page 2
  3. 3. OverviewThe way in which researchers work, communicate and collaborate is changing. To help you stayahead of the game, this one-day workshop will explore how the use of Web 2.0 can benefit yourresearch, your networks and your profile.This workshop will provide a hands-on experience with a range of social media tools andtechniques including the following areas:  Avoiding information overload and keeping on top of the literature in your field  Facilitating research collaboration and discussion  Virtually extending research conferences and seminars  Managing your online communication and profileProgramme10:00 What is social media?10:15 Engagement and style10:45 Information management essentials Introduction to: Collaborative working11:00 Social networking Digital identity11:30 Getting hands-on (Lunch 12:30-13:30)14:30 What does it all mean for you?16:00 FinishReciprocityReciprocity can be defined as “a state or relationship in which there is mutual action, influence,giving and taking, correspondence, etc., between two parties or things” (from the OxfordEnglish Dictionary).In the societal web our opportunity to help others is dramatically extended:  highlighting great content to another person  introduce or refer them  link them to great resources on the web  provide them with our expertise quickly and easily wherever they are in the worldIndirect reciprocity can also arise for social media. You help me, I help somebody else,somebody else helps yet another person, and somewhere, somebody helps you.Social media facilitates direct and indirect reciprocity and enables it to happen quickly. To getthe most from social media interactions, be prepared to give a little. Reciprocity isn’t aboutfollowing or liking everything/everyone you come across. Instead, present your own identity andconnect in personally meaningful ways.Section adapted from www.abelard-uk.com/2009/10/reciprocity-in-the-societal-web/ Page 3
  4. 4. Wisdom of the crowdA book that’s often discussed when talking about social media is The Wisdom of Crowds:Why the Many Are Smarter Than the Few and How Collective Wisdom Shapes Business,Economies, Societies and Nations, 2004 by James Surowiecki about the aggregation ofinformation in groups, resulting in decisions that, he argues, are often better than could havebeen made by any single member of the group. The book presents numerous case studies andanecdotes to illustrate its argument, and touches on several fields, primarily economics andpsychology.Surowiecki is keen to explain that group opinions are not necessarily better than individualopinions all the time. If the group is working closely together there is a danger that they will allcome to the same decision or that they will simply norm towards the view point of a particularlypersuasive member. If the group is too similar they will lack the diversity that leads to a strongaggregated opinion. Surowiecki sets out the following three principles as being essential for thewisdom of crowds to function: 1. Independence 2. Diversity 3. DecentralisationCollaborations that take place through the internet have the ability to be independent (e.g.everyone working on their own project), diverse (e.g. drawn from a range ofdisciplines/background) and decentralised (e.g. bringing together people who are funded andmanaged in a range of different ways).Individuals who use social media have the potential to be more collaborative, more inter-disciplinary and more able to gather and respond to feedback than their peers.To engage in social media fully, you don’t need to believe in the wisdom of the crowd but you doneed to be prepared to receive it anyway!Based on Surowiecki’s book, Oinas-Kukkonen captures the wisdom of crowds approach withthe following eight conjectures: 1. It is possible to describe how people in a group think as a whole. 2. In some cases, groups are remarkably intelligent and are often smarter than the smartest people in them. 3. The three conditions for a group to be intelligent are diversity, independence, and decentralization. 4. The best decisions are a product of disagreement and contest. 5. Too much communication can make the group as a whole less intelligent. 6. Information aggregation functionality is needed. 7. The right information needs to be delivered to the right people in the right place, at the right time, and in the right way. 8. There is no need to chase the expert.From Oinas-Kukkonen, H (2008). Network analysis and crowds of people as sources of new organisationalknowledge. In: A. Koohang et al. (Eds): Knowledge Management: Theoretical Foundation pp. 173-189. Page 4
  5. 5. Communication style for social mediaQuestions you might want to think about before engaging with social media:  How do you/will you communicate using social media?  What is important?  How is it different from academic communication?  Who is your audience online and how might that influence your communication style?Information managementThe internet presents us with many different ways to gather information but there is so muchnoise out there that it can be difficult to find and focus on channels of information that arerelevant to you and your research interests. Ideally you want the useful information to come toyou.RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feeds are information channels that allow you to subscribe tothem. This means that you can choose which information you are interested in and it will cometo you, rather than you having to actively look for it each time you open your browser. RSSfeeds generally give you the headline information; you can choose whether it is importantenough for you to find out more.One way of receiving information from RSS feeds is via iGoogle. You can create a customGoogle search page for yourself, which has all the headline information you want on it. You canalso add many other types of information source to your iGoogle page via Google gadgets. See:Managing RSS feeds using iGoogle to learn more about this.Another aspect of information management is the need to manage multiple user accounts onmultiple networks. How do you monitor and update different networks, and remember all yourpasswords? Well fortunately, there are tools that have been designed to help you do this.Tools such as Tweetdeck and Seesmic have been designed to allow you to manage your profileacross all the big networking tools simultaneously within one screen. You can update all yourstatuses at once. Tweetdeck is owned by twitter and is particularly good at managing twitteraccounts.Questions to consider:  How do you/will you avoid bias when selecting information?  How do you/will you use technology to make searching for information more efficient?  How do you/will you share useful resources with the wider research community?Collaborative workingCollaborative working underpins research. As a successful researcher you will regularlycollaborate with a variety of people using different methods. Social media has revolutionisedcollaboration, allowing us to interact and work with other more frequently and efficiently. Nothingis a substitute for a face-to-face meeting or brainstorm but to help your everyday working, onlinecollaboration does the trick. Ways of working collaboratively could include:Conferencing or virtual meetingsOne of the best known virtual meeting tools is Skype (www.skype.com). As well as using Skypefor audio or video conference calls, you can also send documents, photos and presentations to Page 5
  6. 6. others using a free account. Skype also offer a screen sharing option for free on one-to-onecalls where the person you are talking to can see your screen.Content production and sharingYou will often have to produce documents collaboratively with others e.g. grant proposals,journal articles or joint presentations. There are lots of good tools out there to help you do this,Google Drive is a good example of this. It allows for collaborators to all work on the samedocument/spreadsheet/presentation at the same time. You can have private, semi-private orpublic documents on Google Drive and it integrates well with smartphones and tablets. Googleforms are a great way to collect feedback or send out questionnaires too.An even more flexible file sharing option is Dropbox (www.dropbox.com). You can get 2GB ofstorage space for free and extra if you invite others to use it too. Dropbox integrates with yourcomputer very well, for example, my Dropbox folders appear in Windows Explorer:You can also access your files online, from your smartphone or tablet. You can share differentfolders with different groups of people. In the example above, Photos are private to me and theother 3 folders are shared with 3 different project groups. An alternative that is now on themarket is Wuala (www.wuala.com). You get 5GB free space and it provides extra securitycompared with Dropbox as all files are encrypted on your computer before being transported tothe cloud.Wikis are a good way of producing content collaboratively. Most wikis accept multimedia as wellas standard office input. Researchers most often use wikis for research group notebooks or tocreate a public facing page for their research. Good examples of wiki tools include PBWorks(http://pbworks.com/), Wikispaces (www.wikispaces.com) and Wikia (www.wikia.com). Youruniversity will probably have some form of wiki available through their virtual learningenvironment e.g. Blackboard or Moodle.There are several tools that are used for sharing presentations and other files. You can usethese tools to disseminate your research to a wider audience and receive feedback on yourslides. Slideshare (www.slideshare.net) and Scribd (www.scribd.com) are the most commonlyused tools at the moment. Prezi (http://prezi.com/) is a way of creating and sharing dynamicpresentations using Flash. You can create presentations yourself or invite collaborators tocreate presentations together. If you sign up for a student/teacher account(http://prezi.com/profile/signup/edu/) using your university email address, you will also be able tomake presentations private as well as public.Social bookmarkingSocial bookmarking is great for storing your own bookmarks as well as sharing them withothers. Tools such as Delicious (www.delicious.com) and Diigo (www.diigo.com) allow you tocreate your bookmarks and store them online. This means you can access the same bookmarksfrom any computer, laptop or mobile device. You can also tag the bookmarks and share them Page 6
  7. 7. with others e.g. your research team could share important bookmarks around your researchfield.Social citation sharingThese tools allow you to manage your own references ‘in the cloud’ and share them with others.Citeulike (www.citeulike.org), Mendeley (www.mendeley.com), Zotero (www.zotero.org) andQiqqa (www.qiqqa.com/) are the most common tools used for social citation sharing. Theyeasily store references and PDFs that you can access from anywhere, not just your workcomputer. You can generate automated article recommendations and share references withyour research team. These sites are particularly good to find out who else is reading what yourereading which will help you to build your networks.NetworkingIdentityIt is tempting as a researcher to sit behind your desk and concentrate all your energy onproducing the most fabulous piece of research, and then publishing it. And whilst this is anecessary part of being a good researcher, it will not go anywhere unless people know who youare. By contributing information about your research to a social network, more so than in aconversation with someone at a conference, you are helping to get yourself noticed in the worldbeyond your immediate institution. In online networks the information you share persists (andcan be explored by others) so the conversations and contributions you make are an excellentway to demonstrate your expertise, and the significance and relevance of your research, to yourconnections and beyond.ConnectionYou need to connect with a wide range of people because you don’t know which connectionswill be useful to you until they are; a chance meeting with somebody at this event could provideyou with many different kinds of opportunity; from the germ of an idea to the possibility of acollaboration. Networking is about this serendipity.Malcolm Gladwell (http://gladwell.typepad.com/) coined the term weak ties in his book TheTipping Point, 2000, to describe the connections that are outside of your core network. Theseconnections can often be more useful than people you are closely connected to because theyare less likely to be like you, they are farther afield, but still connected enough to have anincentive to help you.You also need to be able to share your expertise with a community, in order to become partof it. There is not a magic spell, which will allow you to do this without effort. It’s really importantwhen approaching a new community that you spend some time listening, and getting an idea ofwhat is an appropriate style of conduct, because you cannot expect strangers to help youunless you have become part of the community.ChallengesWith all of new potential and convenience come new challenges and new expectations.Employers, potential collaborators, funders and others will expect to be able to explore yourdigital footprint. You need to understand how to use social media to propel yourself forwards inwhatever direction you wish to go. You also need to think about how you can integrate yoursocial networking practices into your daily routine. Page 7
  8. 8. How can social networking tools be used in an academic context?  Expand your research network to increase opportunities for collaboration, employment, funding, discussion and research  Access collective intelligence to become more knowledgeable about your own and other fields of research  Establish a reputation that demonstrates your expertise and the significance and relevance of your research  Practice your debating, discussion and critical thinking skills.  To conduct research.Academic networking tools  Academia.edu (http://academia.edu/)  Methodspace (www.methodspace.com)  Researchgate (for scientists)(www.researchgate.net)  #phdchat – an open twitter community that meets for an hour each week, based on the use of the #phdchat hashtag (http://phdchat.pbworks.com)  Other relevant #tags are #ecrchat (Early Career Researchers), #acwri (academic writing) and #highered (Higher Education).The benefit of academic networks is to see what topics and themes are emerging in your field ofinterest, and in related fields. They can be a useful forum for the discussion of ideas acrossrelated research areas. You can raise your profile within the network by feeding information thatyou think is useful. These types of networks are an excellent place to seek collaboration.Using social networking tools to conduct researchFor social scientists it is particularly important to be aware of the way that social interaction isincreasingly being conducted online. Social networking tools could be used to:  Recruit participants for a study  Improve the quality and proximity of the relationship between yourself and your participants  Give your subjects a voice; allow them to have a more active role in research  Use information generated by social networks for structured analysis.A group of researchers at the British Library produced the following report; Web 2.0 as a SocialScience Tool (www.bl.uk/reshelp/bldept/socsci/socint/web2/report.html). Which explores the useof social networks and other social media tools (and provides examples of researchers who arecurrently using social media tools to conduct research) in depth.Networking BehaviourWhen using social networking tools you should think about appropriate networking behaviour inrelation to your purpose for joining a network. Open networking, allows you to grow yournetwork very quickly as you will receive invitations from other open networks, this style is notgenerally appropriate for individuals but is useful for creating communal resources quickly, suchas Global Amphibian BioBlitz (www.inaturalist.org/projects/global-amphibian-bioblitz), a site thatwas created by researchers, and aims to catalogue all the amphibian species in the world. Opennetworking is not appropriate for individuals because indiscriminate linking in a network meansthat your connections do not provide any real insights into who the different people in yournetwork truly are, and so the reciprocal aspect of networking does not work in this scenario.Completely closed networking, a private network, may restrict your ability to grow your networkand prevent opportunities for future collaboration or otherwise from arising. But this approach Page 8
  9. 9. may be appropriate if you want to share information across a research group or related researchgroups but you do not want this information to be public. This can be particularly useful if thegroup does not have an opportunity to meet face-to-face. You might want to use Socialnetworking tools to create a private group because the tool itself can facilitate the sharing ofinformation—personal and otherwise—the technologies aid discussion and create intimacyamong online individuals, as they feel a sense of connection which can help to build acommunity.For an individual, a moderated approach between open and closed, starting with a base ofcontacts from your educational/professional background will allow for growth in your networkwhile also allowing you to know enough about the connections in your network to add value tothat relationship. Who is in your camp? (Blog post by Zella King) http://sociallifeofideas.blogspot.co.uk/2011/11/who-is-in-your-camp.html Last week I gave a TEDx talk to 450 teenagers, on the science of social networks. In my talk, I proposed that we should think about our social networks in terms of a core, clique, camp and crowd. The camp, in my view, is critical for creativity, for reasons I will explain here. The key point of departure for the talk was Robin Dunbars number: 150. Dunbar argues that our brains have evolved to deal with a maximum of 150 individuals that we can really know as people. Increase your social circle beyond 150, and people start to become semi-strangers. For one thing you cant spend enough time know about them and what makes them tick. Also, each time a new person joins our group, we are programmed - Dunbar says - to monitor the relationship that person has with others in our group. As our social groups become bigger the number of potential relationships in the network increases exponentially. There is an impressive breadth of research evidence showing that 150 is natural organising unit for human groups. Even within a group of 150, of course, we dont lavish the same amount of emotional investment on everyone. Dunbar suggests that our social groups of 150 - or what I call a crowd - is organised into layers or circles, which each layer being approximately three times larger than the previous one. We typically have 3-5 people closest to us with whom we invest a great deal of emotional energy. I call this group the core. Add another 10 or so to the core and you have a clique or posse - likely to include the people you are known to hang around with and those whose loss or death would be truly devastating for you. The next group, around 50, I refer to as a camp. I suggest this is the most important group for creative thinking, because it is the maximum number of people whose conversations, activities, online content, and offline goings-on we can pay attention to. By the same token, unless we are rich, famous or influential in the digital world, there are probably only about 50 people in our worlds who we spend enough time with that they keep abreast of what we are up to. Your camp is the people who will listen to what you have to say, talk to your about your ideas and challenge your thinking. Your camp may be much smaller than 50. If so, and especially if it is barely larger than your clique, you may not have much influence outside that close-knit group of friends and family, and your thinking may converge. Structure matters too. You need some members of your camp to act as weak ties to other groups if you are to be able to spread ideas and to put them into action. Think about the people youve been in contact with in the last month. Are they all in your neighbourhood (local to your home, all working in the same office)? Are they all part of the same personal community? Be willing to seek new members for your camp from time to time, paying more attention to people you have not listened to for a while, and engaging them in conversation. It takes effort, but it may bring new creative insights. Page 9
  10. 10. Digital identity In the future, your ‘digital footprint’ will carry far more weight than anything you might include on a resume ~ Chris BetcherIn this day and age, having an online presence is becoming quite important. Not only is it away to access a greater variety of resources and updated information, it is also as a form ofengaging and communicating with a wide variety of communities and networks which mayadvance one’s practice and knowledge. If you generally think of the internet as a place to ‘look up stuff’ you’re missing the best part ~ Dean ShareskiThese days communicating through email or accessing papers and specialised websites onlineis no longer an extraordinary thing to do. It has become part of the routine to access andprovide information.With the latest developments of the web, the user has equally been able to access and produceinformation. This is dramatically changing the way people learn, communicate and establishlearning bonds. This is progressively creating a new culture of collaboration and cooperation.The Web has had a huge impact on how we present and represent ourselves in ourprofessional areas, and consequently what others make of our contributions to our knowledgefields.Establishing a digital identity as a researcher is important. Researchers need to keep up to datewith the latest developments in their disciplines, and also establish a close contact with otherindividuals in their field. Choosing the networks we participate in, and the people we areconnected with, is therefore crucial. The environments we engage in represent who we are.A researcher’s online presence can be established through participation in differentenvironments. Different tools can be used to achieve this purpose. Researchers can presenttheir work through personal websites and profiling networks. They can also communicate theirwork in progress in the form of:  reflections or blogs (http://webpossibilities.pbworks.com/blogs)  collaborative initiatives such as Wikis (http://webpossibilities.pbworks.com/wiki),  presentations (http://webpossibilities.pbworks.com/presentations)  micro communication (http://webpossibilities.pbworks.com/microblogging)  active participation in networks and communities http://webpossibilities.pbworks.com/SocialNetworking.A well planned activity online can grant researchers a reputable presence online!Further information:  Social Media for newbies: www.slideshare.net/cristinacost/social-media-for-newbies- 8800689  Developing a Researcher profile through Social Media: www.slideshare.net/cristinacost/digital-id-presentation  Digital Identity Matters: http://digitaldisruptions.org/rhizome/wp- content/uploads/2010/06/rhiz08_DigitalIdentityMatters.pdf Page 10
  11. 11. NetiquetteA word of warning:  Understand how public and permanent your online footprint is; do not act like you are in private when you are in public  Be aware that your current or future employers could choose to explore that online footprint!  Do not say anything online that you would not say face to face  Avoid spamming and flaming  Be aware that it is easy to misinterpret irony, sarcasm etc… without tone of voice or expressions to guide  Check your professional body guidelines  Consider who you are talking to…Be aware that the norms of behaviour online are emerging and will continue to emerge. Youshould try to discern appropriate rules of conduct before engaging.Further information:  www.bbc.co.uk/webwise/guides/about-netiquette  www.albion.com/netiquette/corerules.html  www.restore.ac.uk/orm/ethics/ethnetiquette.htmTop Tips  Don’t get overwhelmed by the amount of information out there and don’t try to read everything  Develop a strategy that fits with how you like to do things now  Build a network to help you find and filter information  Give a little of yourself to the network to nurture and sustain it  Use tools to manage your information and networks but don’t get bogged down in learning every new tool that comes out  Collaboration is the key to effective research  Take control of your online profile  Always think about the WIIFM factor Page 11
  12. 12. Appendix 1: Social media tools1. Managing RSS feeds using iGoogleFinding RSS feedsNOTE: Any site that has the following symbol has an RSS feed Go to www.mrc.ac.uk Click on the RSS link Click on a link you are interested in e.g. ‘Funding news’ Copy the URL of the website (the website might look a little odd but don’t worry).Add the feed to an RSS reader (This example uses iGoogle) using a test account Click on www.google.co.uk/ig Sign in using the email ‘emma.gillaspy@manchester.ac.uk’ and password ‘integrating2010’ Click the add gadgets button in the top right Click “Add feed or gadget” (bottom left of the screen) Paste in the URL you copied from the MRC and click “Add” Click “Back to iGoogle home” (top left of the screen)Optional Extension Tasks Repeat the above process with feeds from one or more of the following: o Upcoming courses on the Vitae website www.vitae.ac.uk/events o A search on the CiteULike website for “Open Science” o Blog posts by the Thesis Whisperer http://thethesiswhisperer.wordpress.com/ o A news section on the BBC or newspaper of interest Rearrange your ‘gadgets’ by clicking and dragging. Delete a gadget using the down arrow link in the top right corner of the gadget. Add a new tab using the down arrow link in the ‘Home’ section on the left. Change the theme using the link next to the ‘Add stuff’ link. Set up your own iGoogle account featuring your own favourite news areasAlternatives to iGoogle to create personalised homepages See www.howtogeek.com/129155/6-alternatives-to-igoogle-for-personalized-homepagesUsing other forms of RSS reader http://libguides.mit.edu/content.php?pid=174869&sid=1481864 http://suffolk.libguides.com/content.php?pid=151047&sid=1282361 http://www.techsupportalert.com/best-free-rss-reader-aggregator.htm http://www.howtogeek.com/128487/the-best-free-rss-readers-for-keeping-up-with-your- favorite-websites/ http://www.techshout.com/features/2012/28/best-rss-readers/ Page 12
  13. 13. 2. MicrobloggingTwitter (twitter.com/) is a social networking and microblogging service that enables its users to send andread messages known as tweets. Tweets are text-based posts of up to 140 characters displayed on theauthors profile page and delivered to the authors subscribers who are known as followers.Applications: Ask questions relevant to your practice Share links and resources you find interesting Find out what others are interested in Follow a conference (#tag) Receive news (e.g. TimesHighered, BBSRC) Collaborate and discuss with your networkHow to use: Visit twitter.com/ Create your own account or use the dummy account details below to sign in o Username ‘techintraining1’ and password ‘integrating2010’.What to practice: Enter a tweet using the ‘Compose new tweet’ box. You can also add your location or a photo to a tweet. Click the ‘Who to follow’ link and find a source you would like to hear from and follow them. Widen your network by clicking on someone you are following. Then view who they are following to see if any of them are of interest to you too. Update your profile settings to include a bio, image and background. Retweet something of interest by hovering over someone else’s tweet and clicking the retweet link (note: ALWAYS acknowledge the source of the retweet by entering ‘RT @username’ in your retweet - this will be done for you if you use the retweet function on Twitter or other applications).Tips: You can use other applications to manage your Twitter. A good simple example of this is Twhirl. This shows tweets from people you follow via a pop-up message in the corner of your computer screen in much the same way as an incoming email does. You can also use the Twhirl application to enter tweets, retweet other people’s tweets and shorten URLs using bit.ly (see next tip): You can gather evidence of how many people (and from what country) click on the links in your tweets by using a tracking URL shortener such as bit.ly (bit.ly). You can also collect how many times your tweet was retweeted by others and view your clicking history over time. You can gather feedback and evidence about an event or resource by using the #tag in your tweets. For more information see mashable.com/2009/05/17/twitter-hashtags/. If you would like to record the evidence collected, you can set up an archive via http://www.tweetarchivist.com/. For example, on Twitter, search for #ted. This will show you all of the tweets in which people are talking about the www.ted.com resource (which is a great website so check it out if you don’t know about it!) Page 13
  14. 14.  rd You can attach photos or videos to your tweets. This can be done using Twirl or the other 3 party applications as well as through the Twitter website. For more details visit help.twitter.com/entries/75603-how-to-post-photos-videos-on-twitter. You can tweet from many mobile phones via applications (on Android, iOS, Windows and Blackberry smartphones) or SMS.Examples: Times Higher: twitter.com/timeshighered Richard Dawkins: twitter.com/RichardDawkins MRC: twitter.com/MRCcomms Vitae NW Hub: twitter.com/vitaenwhubFurther information: ESSENTIAL READING: The Twitter guidebook (Mashable the social media guide) mashable.com/guidebook/twitter/ Handbook of social media for researchers and supervisors http://www.vitae.ac.uk/CMS/files/upload/Vitae_Innovate_Open_University_Social_Media_Handbook_ 2012.pdf A guide to using Twitter in university research, teaching and impact activities http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2011/09/29/twitter-guide/ 10 ways researchers can use Twitter http://www.networkedresearcher.co.uk/2011/08/03/10-ways- researchers-can-use-twitter/ JISC Web2practice Microblogging web2practice.jiscinvolve.org/microblogging/ Using Twitter at academic conferences http://www.vitae.ac.uk/researchers/315451-341041/Using- Twitter-at-academic-conferences.html Getting started on Twitter http://www.vitae.ac.uk/researchers/315451-332011/Getting-started-on- Twitter.html Twitter in plain English www.youtube.com/watch?v=ddO9idmax0o 7 things you should know about microblogging www.educause.edu/Resources/7ThingsYouShouldKnowAboutMicro/174629 7 things you should know about Twitter www.educause.edu/ELI/7ThingsYouShouldKnowAboutTwitt/161801 Microblogging www.vitae.ac.uk/dr10 Twitter on Wikipedia en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twitter 19 Twitter desktop apps compared mashable.com/2009/06/27/twitter-desktop-apps/ URL shorteners: Which shortening service should you use? searchengineland.com/analysis-which-url-shortening-service-should-you-use-17204 How People are using Twitter during Conferences (Wolfgang Reinhardt, Martin Ebner, Gunter Beham, Cristina Costa) lamp.tu-graz.ac.at/~i203/ebner/publication/09_edumedia.pdf Page 14
  15. 15. 3. BloggingApplications: Disseminate information to your community Gather comments and feedback from your community Gather evidence of the impact of your research (via guest posts or other people’s blogs) Use as a personal or team record/diary Gather information from other blogsHow to use:To view Blogger through a test account: Visit www.blogger.com and click ‘sign in’. Enter the email address ‘emma.gillaspy@manchester.ac.uk’ and password ‘integrating2010’.What to practice: Enter a new post by: o Click New post (the pencil button) o Enter a title o Enter some text into the text box o You can practice inserting photos and videos by clicking on the icons. Try inserting an image from a website or download an image to the desktop and insert it into your blog post. o Try linking to other websites by highlighting the text you want to link and clicking on the link button on the menu bar. o Click ‘Publish’ o Click the ‘View’ button to see your post live. Embed a video from YouTube into a new post by: o Select a video you would like to embed using the YouTube website. o Click on the <Embed> button below the video (under the ‘Share’ tab). o Copy the text in the box that appears. o Go to your Blogger account and click ‘new post’ o Click on the ‘Edit HTML’ tab and paste the text you copied. Enter a title for the post and any other information you would like to include and publish your post. Try using the same process to embed other items such as: o a Google Maps location o a video from Ted.com o a Slideshare presentation (see tool 4) Try customising the blog, by changing the template, fonts and colours or rearranging the page elements. You can also add more page elements and gadgets e.g. your live Twitter updates.To create your own account: Visit www.blogger.com and click ‘Create a blog’ If you already have a Google account, complete your Google email and password details. If you do not have a Google account, Click ‘Sign up for a new Google account’ and click ‘continue’. Complete the create a Google account page and click ‘continue’. Give your blog a title and URL (think about this carefully!) Choose a template and click ‘continue’. Click ‘start blogging’ and blog away!Tips: Look at other people’s blogs and decide what you like and don’t like about them. Is it a particular blog provider you like (e.g. Blogger, Wordpress, Posterous etc)? Try to design your blog to suit the needs of your audience and to reflect your own style. Decide on how formal/personal you are going to make the blog and stick to it. Page 15
  16. 16.  Decide what you are going to use the blog for e.g. is it going to be a reflective journal, to create an online identity for your research area, to engage the public in your research etc. Try to blog regularly (at least once a fortnight) but not too much (not more than once a day) otherwise you are risking ‘under- or over-selling’ to your audience.Examples: University of Manchester (MHS Faculty) research training team: researchtraining.wordpress.com/ Manchester Postgraduate Careers Blog manchesterpgcareers.wordpress.com/ Tristram Hooley: adventuresincareerdevelopment.posterous.com/ Cristina Costa: knowmansland.com/learningpath/ Research blogs: exquisitelife.researchresearch.com Thesis Whisperer: http://thesiswhisperer.com/Further information: Tips for academic blogging http://www.vitae.ac.uk/researchers/315451-332861/Tips-for-academic- blogging.html How to blog webpossibilities.pbworks.com/blogs Tutorial on creating a blog (Wordpress or Blogger) and using RSS emtechspring2008.pbworks.com/Tutorials Blogs in plain English www.youtube.com/watch?v=NN2I1pWXjXI Blogging www.vitae.ac.uk/dr10 Blogging as a tool for reflection and learning www.virclass.net/eped/index.php?action=static&id=29 7 things you should know about blogging www.educause.edu/ELI/7ThingsYouShouldKnowAboutBlogs/156809 Why blog? www.microbiologybytes.com/AJC/whyblog.html 8 reasons why researchers should blog homelessinstoke.com/2010/02/22/8-reasons-why- researchers-should-blog/ Why do I bother? An academics view of blogging steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2009/12/why-do-i- bother.html Adventures in Researcher Development 2.0 pgrdocblog.wordpress.com/2010/02/19/adventures-in- researcher-development-2-0/ Top 100 blogs (updated daily) technorati.com/blogs/top100/ Page 16
  17. 17. 4. Social referencing using CiteULikeApplications: Easily store references you find online Discover new articles and resources Automated article recommendations Share references with your colleagues Find out whos reading what youre reading Store and search your PDFs Build a collaborative library for your research teamHow to use:To view CiteULike through a test account: Visit www.citeulike.org and click ‘log in’. Enter the username ‘techintraining1’ and password ‘integrating2010’.What to practice: Find and add a reference o In a separate window, visit an online database and find an article o Copy the URL of the reference e.g. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21360695 o On CiteULike, hover over ‘My CiteULike’ and click ‘Post URL’ o Paste the URL from PubMed and click ‘Post it!’ o In the tags enter several keywords for the article separated by a space e.g. osteoarthritis genetics SNP o Complete the rest of the options according to your preference and click “Post Article” o Click ‘Library’ in ‘MyCiteULike’ to view your library Explore the social features o Go to your ‘Library’ o The bottom line of the reference “Defrosting the Digital Library: Bibliographic Tools for the Next Generation Web” will say something like “posted to social citation by techintraining1 on 2011-03-02 17:15:51 // along with 349 people and 29 groups”. Click on the link that says “along with 349 people and 29 groups” (the exact wording of the link may be different) o Click on a group e.g. “eLearning in Leicester” (highlighted in grey) o Scroll down and click on the title of any article of interest (if none are of interest just pretend!) o Click [copy] to add this citation to your own libraryTo create your own account: Visit www.citeulike.org and click ‘Join now’ or ‘Join now with Facebook’. Complete the registration form and click ‘Sign up now!’. Click ‘Continue’.Tips and next steps:  Watch groups and other users and be alerted when they update their libraries  Create a group and invite others to upload their reference  Export lists to endnote and other reference software  Look for any groups and users who have uploaded the same references as you to increase your networkFurther information:  Social citation workshop slides from the Digital Researcher www.vitae.ac.uk/dr11live Page 17
  18. 18.  10 ways to promote an academic article that you’ve just published using social media and the web www.vitae.ac.uk/researchers/315451-347081/10-ways-to-promote-an-academic-article-that- youve-just-published-using-social-media-and-the-web.html  CiteULike and other social citation tools http://www.vitae.ac.uk/researchers/315451- 332831/CiteULike-and-other-social-citation-tools.html  CiteULike blog http://blog.citeulike.org/  Citeulike: A Researchers Social Bookmarking Service www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/emamy- cameron/  CiteULike: Keeping your bibliography on the web http://www.vitae.ac.uk/researchers/156431- 205731/Citeulike---keeping-your-bibliography-on-the-web.htmlAlternatives to CiteULike:  Mendeley: http://libguides.mit.edu/mendeley  Zotero: http://drsustainable.wordpress.com/2012/07/01/how-to-manage-a-research- library-with-zotero/  Qiqqa: http://www.qiqqa.com/  Comparison of citation software: o http://libguides.mit.edu/content.php?pid=55486&sid=427307 o http://www.qiqqa.com/About/Compare  Social citations: http://citt.ufl.edu/tools/social-citations/  Social bookmarking, citation and reference management http://research20atimperial.wordpress.com/optional-content/social-bookmarking-ref- management/ Page 18
  19. 19. 5. Presentation sharing using SlideShareApplications: Share your PowerPoint presentations, pdf or Word documents with selected people or the public Keep a private record of your presentationsHow to use:To view SlideShare through a test account: Visit www.slideshare.net Click Login and enter the username ‘techintraining1’ and password ‘integrating2010’.To create your own account: Visit www.slideshare.net and click ‘Sign up’ (you can use your Facebook login if you have one) Complete the registration form and click ‘SIGN UP’. Remember to deselect the newsletter option if you do not want to receive news from SlideShare. Click ‘Skip this’ when asked if you would like to upgrade.What to practice: Create and upload a presentation o Create a short test presentation in PowerPoint and save to the desktop. o Visit www.slideshare.net and login. o Click ‘UPLOAD’ in the top menu bar. o Select the presentation you created. o Ensure the title is correct and enter a short description of the presentation. o You can add tags (keywords) to make your presentation more searchable by yourself or others. For more details on tagging, visit www.wolf-howl.com/blogs/how-to-use-tagging/ o Select a category for the presentation. o Add a short description about the presentation. o Untick ‘Allow file download’ unless you would like people to be able to download the presentation. o Click ‘Save changes’ and wait for the upload to complete so you can view it. Embed the presentation in your blog by: o Copy the ‘Embed’ code. o Open a new window and log into your blog. To use the test blog, visit www.blogger.com and click ‘sign in’. Enter the email address ‘emma.gillaspy@manchester.ac.uk’ and password ‘integrating2010’. o Click ‘New post’, enter the title of your form and ensure you have the ‘Edit HTML’ tab selected. o Paste the code you copied from Google Docs into the main body of the post. o Click ‘Publish post’ o Click the ‘View post’ button to see your post live. Share the presentation via Twitter, Facebook or Email using the links provided. Edit your profile to include additional information about yourself or your team. View your uploaded presentations via the ‘My uploads’ link. Find a person that is of interest to you and follow them. Find a presentation you like and add it to your favourites.Tips: If you have a LinkedIn professional profile, your SlideShare presentations can automatically be seen on your profile. For more details, visit www.slideshare.net/apps/linkedin/faqs You can upload videos or slidecasts to SlideShare. You can sync an audio file with a presentation you have uploaded. You can join a group of members with similar interests. Page 19
  20. 20. Examples: Alex Hardman www.slideshare.net/actualal Vitae NW Hub www.slideshare.net/vitaenwhub Manchester PG Careers www.slideshare.net/ManchesterPGCareers University of Sussex www.slideshare.net/universityofsussex Steve Wheeler www.slideshare.net/timbuckteethFurther information: Using Slideshare And 5 Great Social Media Presentations www.simplyzesty.com/brands/slideshare-5-great-social-media-presentations Top 100 tools: SlideShare www.c4lpt.co.uk/Top100Tools/slideshare.html Using SlideShare to share presentations www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/crossmedia/advice/slideshare/ Page 20
  21. 21. 6. Social networking using LinkedInApplications: Maintain your professional profile Participate in group discussions Extend your research connectionsHow to use:To create your own account: Visit www.linkedin.com and sign up by completing the relevant fields and searching your email contacts to see if they are on LinkedInWhat to practice: Search for colleagues by clicking the relevant link Click the ‘Profile’ tab. Add details to your profile using the profile completion tips Find a group you may like e.g. Medical Research Council Extend your networks by viewing who your connections are connected to. Also look at what groups they are part of.Examples: Emma Gillaspy http://uk.linkedin.com/in/emmagillaspy Cristina Costa http://uk.linkedin.com/in/cristinacost Sarah Blackford http://uk.linkedin.com/pub/sarah-blackford/10/b72/968 Iain Cameron http://uk.linkedin.com/pub/iain-cameron/13/711/219Further information: 7 ways to get more out of LinkedIn http://mashable.com/2009/11/09/linkedin-tips/ Social networking software for researchers http://www.vitae.ac.uk/researchers/315451- 341701/Social-networking-software-for-researchers.html Sharing on LinkedIn http://youtu.be/nxCR7KyM_w4 More ways to use LinkedIn for postgrads http://manunicareersblog.com/2012/11/27/more-ways-to- use-linkedin/ Page 21
  22. 22. 7. Collaborative writing using Google DriveApplications: Create private documents you can access from anywhere Create documents on a public or semi-public basis Create and amend collaborative documents e.g. funding proposals, journal articles, presentations Create online questionnaires to gather feedback from students or the publicHow to use:To view Google Drive through a test account:(skip this step if you already have a Google account or would like to set one up) Visit https://drive.google.com/. Enter the email address ‘emma.gillaspy@manchester.ac.uk’ and password ‘integrating2010’.To create your own account: Visit https://drive.google.com/. If you already have a Google account, complete your email and password details and click ‘Sign in’. If you do not have a Google account, click ‘Create an account’ and complete the relevant fields.What to practice: Create a document by: o Click ‘Create’ and ‘Document’ o Add a title and some text. o Click ‘Save now’ Share a document by: o With the document open, click ‘Share’. Enter your own email address and click close. (you will be sent an invite by email to edit/view the document) o Alternatively, from the GoogleDocs main page, tick a document and click the share icon (a person with + next to it) Create a folder to store items by clicking ‘Create’ and ‘Folder’. You can share a whole folder by clicking the down arrow next to the folder in the left hand menu, then ‘Share’. Upload a document by: o Create a document in Word, Excel or Powerpoint and save it to your desktop. o In GoogleDocs, click the upload icon (next to Create) and File. o Browse and select the file. o Move the file to a folder by ticking next to the file name and clicking the organise icon (a folder) Create a form by o Click ‘Create’ and ‘Form’. o Add a title (include your initials on the test forms to distinguish them from others created during this training session). Add some background information then enter some sample questions. Try selecting different question types to view what is available. o Try deleting and/or reordering a question (drag and drop the questions to move them). o Add a section header or page break using the ‘Add item’ button. o Change the theme of the form. o Edit the confirmation text that responders to the form see by clicking ‘More actions’ then ‘Edit confirmation’. o At any point, you can view the form by clicking the link at the bottom of the page. o Once you are happy with the form, click ‘Save’. N.B. If you change your mind and want to amend your form later just hover over the relevant question/section and click the edit icon. o Send the completed form by clicking ‘Email this form’. This sends the form via your Google email account. If you would like to send the form via your university or other account, just send the form to yourself then forward it on in your usual email client. Page 22
  23. 23.  Embed the form into your blog by: o Click ‘More actions’ then ‘Embed’. Right click the highlighted code text and click ‘copy’. o Open a new window and log into your blog. To use the test blog, visit www.blogger.com and click ‘sign in’. Enter the email address ‘emma.gillaspy@manchester.ac.uk’ and password ‘integrating2010’. o Click ‘New post’, enter the title of your form and ensure you have the ‘Edit HTML’ tab selected. o Paste the code you copied from Google Docs into the main body of the post. o Click ‘Publish the post’ o Click the ‘View post’ button to see your post live. View and export form data by: o Complete one of the forms you have created a number of times using test data (via the blog or form website directly). o Visit https://drive.google.com/. Click on the title of your form to view the responses. o To view the data in a graphical format click ‘Form’ and then ‘Show summary of responses’. o To export the data as a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet click ‘File, ‘Download as’ and then select ‘Excel’.Tips: Set up your folders with relevant sharing settings before adding your documents. This means you don’t have to share each individual file you create, it will be done for you by being located in the relevant folder. You can upload files without converting them in case you want to store original files or other files such as PDFs or audio/video. By embedding your forms into your blog, you direct traffic from users who may not visit it otherwise. If youd like to track responses on your form(s), you can add the Forms gadget to your iGoogle page (see docs.google.com/support/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=87805).Examples (forms): Creating highly successful PhD students: The 7 secrets of success for supervisors (feedback form) spreadsheets.google.com/viewform?hl=en&formkey=dFJKUmNjZFhkS0JLejljOEJkbmRRd3c6MA Evaluation questionnaire for Turbocharge your writing workshop (embedded in a blog) vitaenwhub.posterous.com/evaluation-questionnaire-for-turbocharge-yourFurther information: Your complete guide to Google Drive http://howto.cnet.com/8301-11310_39-57420527-285/your- complete-guide-to-google-drive/ 7 tips and tricks to get the most out of Google Drive http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/7-tips-tricks- google-drive/ Google Docs widely used at 1 in 5 workplaces www.infoworld.com/d/cloud-computing/google-docs- widely-used-1-in-5-workplaces-132 Using forms in Google Docs www.youtube.com/watch?v=IzgaUOW6GIs Google Docs in plain English www.youtube.com/watch?v=eRqUE6IHTEA 100 Great Google Docs Tips for Students & Educators http://www.accreditedonlinecolleges.com/blog/2009/100-great-google-docs-tips-for-students- educators/ GoogleDocs blog http://googledocs.blogspot.com/ Page 23
  24. 24. Appendix 2: Additional tools and resourcesPreziApplications:Dynamic presentation software as an alternative to PowerPointWhat to practice: Enter a title and short description of a test presentation. Choose one of the themes and click ‘Create’. Click ‘Open me’ and select whether you would like to make your Prezi public or private. Click ‘Open’. View the getting started video then close the video window to leave your canvas. Double click on the canvas and write the title of your presentation. Brainstorm a few ideas for your presentation and enter these around the canvas by double-clicking to write. Click once on each part of your text and move it around using the centre of the ‘zebra’, change the size using the inner circle of the ‘zebra’ and rotate using the outer circle. Try uploading an image or video using the ‘Insert’ menu. Once you are happy with the layout of your canvas, start grouping items together using the ‘Frames’ menu. N.B. You can use invisible frames to group items without showing a frame. Next draw a path around your canvas using the ‘Path’ menu. You can select individual items or frames in your path. View your presentation using the ‘Show’ menu. Exit the presentation then click on it in your ‘My Prezi’ page. Download the Prezi for use on computers which have no internet access.Tips: There is a whole host of help on the ‘Prezi learn’ site at prezi.com/learn You can adapt other people’s Prezi presentations rather than creating them from scratch. To do this, click on ‘Showcase’ and tick ‘Show only reusable’. Prezi is a difficult tool to ‘teach’ so just have a play around and see what works for you. Your first presentation may take some time but once you learn the system, it’s incredibly easy and intuitive.Examples: About perspective prezi.com/jipjiqvj6dsc/about-perspective/ Discover IE University prezi.com/wxv6uhgee4sr/discover-ie-university/ Singing Bridges prezi.com/io1sgtwwkg5v/singing-bridges/Further information: Toolkit: Prezi effectivenesscoach.wordpress.com/2009/10/04/toolkit-prezi/ Prezi blog blog.prezi.com/ Prezi: A new presentation tool that lets you see the big picture and the nitty gritty details techrav.blogspot.com/2009/05/prezi-new-presentation-that-lets-you.htmlScreenrscreenr.comScreenr is a web-based tool that lets you create screencasts without installing any software. You just clickthe record button and your screen activity is recorded along with narration from your microphone. Screenrthen publishes your screencast in high-definition Flash format. Screenr makes it easy to share yourscreencast on Twitter, YouTube or anywhere else on the web.Diigowww.diigo.com Page 24
  25. 25. Diigo allows you to take personal notes and highlight text information on web pages just as you would ona piece of paper. You can then bookmark and save this information for further review, while adding tagsto keep everything organized. In bookmarking this information, you can also choose to share withcolleagues and friends to allow them to access the web page, view your notes and highlights, and addtheir own annotations. All of this information is also saved online and can be accessed by any computeror browser, including mobile phones with browsing capabilities.Deliciousdelicious.comDelicious is a web service created to help you store, manage and share all or some of your collection ofbookmarks. Two of its powerful features are tagging and its ability to allow access to all of yourbookmarks from any computer with an internet connection.Leforawww.lefora.comLefora is a free discussion forum tool with no limits on the amount of posts or members in your forum.Lefora allows you to run a public or fully private forum. On public forums, every topic has a button that willallow your members to share a link to the topic on sites like Facebook, Twitter, and Myspace. They caneven share links over email or IM. You can also easily add videos and photos to the forum. Page 25
  26. 26. Appendix 3: LinksWORKSHOPS (SLIDES & HANDOUTS)The Digital Researcher (Vitae)A workshop for researchers exploring the use of Web 2.0 in research, networks and building researchersown profiles. Interactive sessions included microblogging, RSS feeds, social networking and socialcitation sharing. Read or comment on the blog, catch up with the tweets (#DR10 hashtag) or downloadthe slides:www.vitae.ac.uk/dr10 and www.vitae.ac.uk/dr11Using Technology to Enhance Your Research (MHS Training Blog)Explores the digital world and how researchers can use it to develop reputations through a digital identity,literature managing and extending research connections.researchtraining.wordpress.com/2009/11/11/using-technology-to-enhance-your-research/ andresearchtraining.wordpress.com/2010/03/15/21st-century-research-profiles-workshop/Using Technology to Enhance Your Teaching (MHS Training Blog)Explores how technology can be used in teaching and an evaluation of these tools.researchtraining.wordpress.com/2009/11/25/using-technology-to-enhance-your-teaching/Social Media Tools and Resources (University of Nottingham)Explore the social, participatory and collaborative qualities of social media technologies. Includes asummary of social media tools for publishing, content sharing, networking and collaboration, and anextensive set of resources including tutorials, guides, videos, references and examples.www.nottingham.ac.uk/jubileegraduatecentre/training-and-events/events-resources.phtmlONLINE GUIDES & HOW TOSVitae PGR Tips – Using online resources in your research (issue 40) and Digital networking (issue51)One page monthly ebulletin offering tips and advice to PGR students on a host of topics. Advice oftenrelevant for all researchers.www.vitae.ac.uk/pgrtipsJISC Web2.0 Practice GuidesExplains how technologies like Social Media, RSS, Collaborative Writing, Podcasting, can enhanceworking practice. Each guide consists of a video explaining key concepts, supported by a more in-depthoverview of the topic, covering the potential uses, risks and how to get started.web2practice.jiscinvolve.org/A beginners guide to social media (Universities Affairs)Advice from tech-savvy professors to give you the resources you need to start incorporating social mediainto your teaching.www.universityaffairs.ca/a-beginners-guide-to-social-media.aspx7 Things You Should Know About MicrobloggingProvides information on emerging learning technologies. Each brief focuses on a single technology anddescribes what it is, where it is going, and why it matters.www.educause.edu/Resources/7ThingsYouShouldKnowAboutMicro/174629Tutorial on creating a blog (Wordpress or Blogger) and using RSSemtechspring2008.pbworks.com/Tutorials Page 26
  27. 27. Plain English Resources (CommonCraft)A series of short introductory videos to getting started with social media tools such as RSS, Twitter, socialmedia, and social networking.RSS in Plain English www.youtube.com/watch?v=0klgLsSxGsUTwitter in Plain English www.youtube.com/watch?v=ddO9idmax0oSocial Media in Plain English www.youtube.com/watch?v=MpIOClX1jPESocial Networking in Plain English www.youtube.com/watch?v=6a_KF7TYKVcPodcasting www.youtube.com/watch?v=vMgemQahuFMCiteulike: A Researchers Social Bookmarking ServiceAn academic guide to using Citeulike a free service for managing and discovering scholarly referencesonline.www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue51/emamy-cameron/The Twitter Guidebook (Mashable the Social Media Guide)Everything you need to know about getting started with Twitter and using it to build communities.mashable.com/guidebook/twitter/RESEARCH PRACTICEJISC: Research 3.0 - How are digital technologies revolutionising research?A year long project by JISC to debate how digital technologies are changing research practice.www.jisc.ac.uk/Home/news/stories/2009/11/res3.aspx?utmPERSONAL PERSPECTIVESWhy blog? (Dr Alan Cann)www.microbiologybytes.com/AJC/whyblog.htmlWhy Im keen on getting researchers to be more digital (Dr Tristram Hooley, Vitae DigitalResearcher Blog)www.vitae.ac.uk/dr10blog8 reasons why researchers should blog (Gareth Morris)homelessinstoke.com/2010/02/22/8-reasons-why-researchers-should-blog/Why do I bother? An academics view of blogging (Learning with ‘e’s Blog)steve-wheeler.blogspot.com/2009/12/why-do-i-bother.htmlKeeping your bibliography on the web (Vitae Research Staff Blog)www.vitae.ac.uk/rsblogUsing Blogging as a Research Tool (David Harrison)www.stress-free.co.nz/using_blogging_as_a_research_toolAdventures in Researcher Development 2.0 (Hum PGR Doc Blog)pgrdocblog.wordpress.com/2010/02/19/adventures-in-researcher-development-2-0/Blog Recommendations (Manchester Postgraduate Careers Blog)manchesterpgcareers.wordpress.com/2010/02/18/blog-recommendations/You are online even if you think you are not… (PGR Salford Blog)www.pg.salford.ac.uk/blog/?p=506Connect Project: How do you connect to people online? (Darcy Norman)connect.darcynorman.net/ Page 27
  28. 28. Digital Scholarship (Gideon Burton)www.academicevolution.com/PUBLICATIONS & ARTICLESIt’s good to blog (Nature)bit.ly/4sMUvvFrom the Blogosphere (Nature)www.nature.com/nature/journal/v457/n7231/full/7231762c.htmlShould you be tweeting? (Laura Bonetta)tinyurl.com/yaj9cnhHow People are using Twitter during Conferences (Wolfgang Reinhardt, Martin Ebner, GunterBeham, Cristina Costa)lamp.tu-graz.ac.at/~i203/ebner/publication/09_edumedia.pdfBy the blog: academics tread carefully (THE)www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=403827Web 2.0 fails to excite todays researchers (Research Information)www.researchinformation.info/features/feature.php?feature_id=236Universities use social media to connect (NY Times)www.nytimes.com/2010/03/31/education/31iht-riedsoc.htmlSocial networking in academia (Research Trends)http://www.info.scopus.com/researchtrends/archive/RT16/09084_RT16lowres.pdfThe Conversation Prism: Making Sense of Social Media (Wikinomics)http://www.wikinomics.com/blog/index.php/2009/10/27/the-conversation-prism-making-sense-of-social-mediaDefrosting the Digital Library: Bibliographic Tools for the Next Generation WebPLoS Comput Biol, Vol. 4, No. 10. (31 October 2008)By Duncan Hull, Steve R. Pettifer, Douglas B. Kellhttp://bit.ly/1dz7JTTOOLSPRESENTATION TOOLSwww.slideshare.net/www.prezi.comhttp://www.scivee.tv/ SciVee – Rich Media Scholarly CommunicationBLOG & MICROBLOGGING TOOLSwordpress.org/twitter.com/technorati.com/ (blog search engine)blogs.nature.com/ (compile lists of blogs)www.researchblogging.org/ (blogs about peer reviewed research)scienceblogs.com/ (blogs about science)RSS READERSwww.google.co.uk/ig Page 28
  29. 29. www.netvibes.com/SOCIAL NETWORKSwww.linkedin.com/ (business-oriented social networking site)www.academia.edu/ (find out whos researching what)www.graduatejunction.net/ (early career researcher network)https://www.researchgate.net/ (scientific network)www.cos.com (Communities of Science: Free online professional profile, funding search, collaboratorsearch)http://network.nature.com/ Nature Networkhttp://www.methodspace.com/ Method Spacewww.ning.com Want your own social network? SeeONLINE REFERENCE TOOLSwww.citeulike.org/www.mendeley.com/www.2collab.comwww.connotea.org/www.bibsonomy.org/MISCELLANEOUSwww.getdropbox.com (Dropbox: Free online storage accessible in a Windows Explorer format, share andedit files/folders with others without having to download them locally, great for collaboration)www.google.com (More than just a search engine: Google Scholar, Google Docs, iGoogle homepage,Picasa)www.ted.com (World’s leading researchers and thinkers, great for inspiration and motivation, pick up tipsfor public speaking)www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books (PubMed bookshelf - Free online versions of many biomedical books)www.jiscmail.ac.uk (enable groups of academics and support staff to talk to each other and to shareinformation)http://www.jove.com/ Journal of Visualised Experiments (JoVE)AND REFERENCES TO MORE TOOLS…Web 2.0: Academic Research & 10 Useful Toolsscholarspace.jccc.edu/sidlit/23/Web 2.0 for Academic Researcherswww.scribd.com/doc/22603454/Web-2-0-for-Academic-ResearchersSocial Media Tools (University of Nottingham)www.nottingham.ac.uk/jubileegraduatecentre/training-and-events/tools.phtml Page 29