Teaching English As A Foreign Language

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Teaching English As A Foreign Language

  1. 1. Teaching English as a Foreign Language Justin Richardson Careers Adviser
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>To look at: </li></ul><ul><li>What TEFL is and where </li></ul><ul><li>the opportunities are </li></ul><ul><li>How to train </li></ul><ul><li>Qualities needed </li></ul><ul><li>How to get your first TEFL job </li></ul><ul><li>Further help and resources </li></ul>
  3. 3. My background in TEFL <ul><li>Istanbul, Turkey – Private Language School (1 year) </li></ul><ul><li>Nagoya, Japan – Conversation School (2 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese Boarding School, London (6 months) </li></ul><ul><li>FE College, Nottingham (1 year) </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New culture, new experiences ! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making Friends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity to travel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job is interesting – what you put in is what you get out ! </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. TEFL <ul><li>English is the language </li></ul><ul><li>of international communication </li></ul><ul><li>80% of information is in English </li></ul><ul><li>There is a world-wide demand </li></ul><ul><li>for teachers of English </li></ul><ul><li>TEFL can be UK or overseas </li></ul><ul><li>TEFL can be year off or </li></ul><ul><li>permanent </li></ul>
  5. 5. Careers in TEFL <ul><li>TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) </li></ul><ul><li>TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) </li></ul><ul><li>Can be UK or Overseas </li></ul><ul><li>ESP (English for Specific Purposes) </li></ul><ul><li>ESL or E2L (English as a Second Language) </li></ul><ul><li>Usually in UK for those whose first language is not English OR overseas where English is official Language </li></ul>
  6. 6. Teaching Posts in UK <ul><li>Private Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Language Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Often Seasonal </li></ul><ul><li>Often in Tourist areas </li></ul><ul><li>Public Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Local Education Authorities (usually qualified Teachers) </li></ul><ul><li>Colleges of FE </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Education </li></ul><ul><li>Home Tutoring </li></ul>
  7. 7. Teaching Posts Abroad <ul><li>State Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Private Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Further Education </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education </li></ul><ul><li>Salary and conditions vary enormously – although cost of living in areas will often be correspondingly low. </li></ul><ul><li>Better paid jobs available in Japan and parts of the Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Many teachers often supplement their income by offering one-to-one tuition after school hours. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What qualities will you need?
  9. 9. Training <ul><li>An EFL qualification is not essential for all posts </li></ul><ul><li>Depends on the country, the school, the contract </li></ul><ul><li>4 main courses: </li></ul><ul><li>UCLES CELTA (RSA?) - studied in UK or overseas and costs around £1000 www.cambridgeesol.org/teaching/celta.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Trinity College Certificate www.trinitycollege.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>University Certificate </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial Language School Certificate </li></ul><ul><li>Introductory Courses are also available </li></ul><ul><li>A PGCE (Postgraduate Certificate in Education) is needed for teaching ESL in state schools and some countries require QTS (Qualified Teacher Status) as well as a recognised TEFL qualification. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The CELTA Course – entry criteria <ul><li>A Degree </li></ul><ul><li>Good Language Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in people and other cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence, resilience, communication </li></ul><ul><li>(Experience of travel useful) </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Interview Language Awareness Task </li></ul><ul><li>Individual, paired and/or group interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Language tests </li></ul><ul><li>Brief teaching exercise </li></ul>
  11. 11. Course Content <ul><li>Principles & techniques of English language learning </li></ul><ul><li>Practical awareness of learning needs and motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistic form, function and meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching materials - commercially produced and self-produced </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Aids (eg TV, video, computer) </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom management & lesson planning </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching the skills of reading, writing, listening and speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Testing and evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>8 hours per day! (but can be done part-time) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Methods of Instruction <ul><li>Intensive sessions of EFL methodology (grammatical terminology) </li></ul><ul><li>Observation of lessons taught by experienced teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching practice (under supervision) </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed analysis and discussion of individual performance </li></ul><ul><li>Reading and writing assessments and private study </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous assessment of practical and written work </li></ul>
  13. 13. Examples of who recruits ?
  14. 14. What to consider….. <ul><li>Check the school with English UK </li></ul><ul><li>What if you are unhappy with your job/the country etc? </li></ul><ul><li>Check your contract…when do you get paid? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the hours of work? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the accommodation? </li></ul><ul><li>Will you have insurance cover? </li></ul><ul><li>Read the “Basic Questions Sheet” </li></ul><ul><li>Call into Careers Service for advice </li></ul>
  15. 15. Things to think about ! <ul><li>Hours, pay, reputation, responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Check any contracts closely for details of details of holiday and sickness pay ( www.efl-law.com ) is a useful website </li></ul><ul><li>Style of teaching employed and type of school </li></ul><ul><li>Area where you will be living </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><li>What do you want to get from the experience ? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens after working abroad ! </li></ul>
  16. 16. Career Development <ul><li>After 2 years: </li></ul><ul><li>Diploma (DELTA or Trinity) </li></ul><ul><li>MA Applied Linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Senior job </li></ul><ul><li>Director of Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Principal </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Training </li></ul><ul><li>Freelance </li></ul><ul><li>Writer/Editor/Sales Rep in publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Script Writing eg BBC Education </li></ul><ul><li>Administration eg British Council or UNESCO </li></ul>
  17. 17. Where to look for vacancies <ul><li>EFL Gazette </li></ul><ul><li>Times Educational Supplement </li></ul><ul><li>The Guardian (Tuesdays) </li></ul><ul><li>Overseas Jobs Express </li></ul><ul><li>Careers Service Vacancy Bulletins or </li></ul><ul><li>website www.liv.ac.uk/careers </li></ul><ul><li>TEFL files in Careers Resource Centre </li></ul><ul><li>ELT Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching English Abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Websites </li></ul>
  18. 18. Useful Websites <ul><li>www.thes.co.uk ( The Times Higher Education Supplement) </li></ul><ul><li>www.tefl.com TEFL.com </li></ul><ul><li>The Guardian ( www.guardian.co.uk ) Tuesdays </li></ul><ul><li>www.overseasjobs.com Overseas jobs </li></ul><ul><li>www.jet-uk.org (Assistant Language Teacher – Japan) </li></ul><ul><li>www.britishcouncil.org.uk (info for teachers and jobs) </li></ul><ul><li>www.languageassistant.co.uk (European, Latin American China and Russia placements) </li></ul><ul><li>www.cactusteachers.com (info and applications to courses) </li></ul><ul><li>www.englishuk.com (addresses of accredited UK schools) </li></ul><ul><li>www.prospects.ac.uk/links/vcsc (course surveys) </li></ul><ul><li>www.cambridgeesol.org/teaching/celta.htm (everything! - includes where to apply) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.liv.ac.uk/english/elu/celta.htm </li></ul><ul><li>EL Gazette www.elgazette.com </li></ul>
  19. 19. Other Opportunities <ul><li>JET (Japanese Exchange and Teaching Programme) </li></ul><ul><li>Have opportunities for Assistant Language Teachers and Coordinator for International Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation on Tue, 4 th Nov 6pm – 7pm </li></ul><ul><li>www.jet-uk.org for further details </li></ul><ul><li>English Language Assistant Scheme – British Council </li></ul><ul><li>See www.britishcouncil.org/languageassistants-ela.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Good opportunity to enhance language and cultural learning and find out if interested in teaching. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Further Information <ul><li>Seminars and Employer Presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Loan: </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching English as a Foreign Language and Teaching Abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Reference: </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching English Abroad – Susan Griffiths </li></ul><ul><li>ELT Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Teach Abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching English in the EU </li></ul><ul><li>Section A4 Yellow files in Careers Resource Centre </li></ul><ul><li>cnewton@liverpool.ac.uk (University of Liverpool TEFL course) </li></ul><ul><li>Prospects website www.prospects.ac.uk/links/Occupations </li></ul><ul><li>Country Profiles www.prospects.ac.uk/link/Countries </li></ul>
  21. 21. What Next? <ul><li>Attend other seminars / presentations / events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See What’s On Programme </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Handouts </li></ul><ul><li>Use resources in the Careers Resource Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss your plans with a Careers Adviser </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quick Query Interview (15-mins) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidance Interview (40-mins) </li></ul></ul>

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