Unit G321 ‘The titles and opening sequence of a new fictional film.’Emma Gower - 6028
1. In what ways does your media product use, develop or challengeforms and conventions of real media products?
WHAT GENRE DID WE CHOOSE AND WHY? Before we started, we both decided that we wanted to create a horror/thriller type of film because it was our favourite genre and we enjoy watching those types of movies. As we have chosen 2 types to base our film on, this meant we had to do some research into both of these genres, which we did as soon as we had decided. HORROR THRILLERA genre which is meant to scare its readers and High stakes, non-stop action, plot twists, exciting settingsmake the audience feel terror. Unsettling films and an adrenalin packed climax. An exciting, suspenseful designed to frighten, panic, cause play or story, especially a mystery story that thrills thedread, alarm, terrify, shock whilst also providing audience. captivating entertainment in a fearsome experience.’
WHERE DID WE LOOK FOR CODES AND CONVENTIONS?I chose to look at 3 film openings to decide which are the most important codes and conventions so that we can follow and usethem ourselves. I looked at 1 contemporary film, 1 British horror/thriller film, 1 inspirational film and 1 genre defining fi lm so I had a range of different ones to see if the conventions were all the same or different.-1 CONTEMPORARY FILM: ‘LAW ABIDING CITIZEN’The mise-en-scene is similar to what we wantedThe action and horror that is portrayed in first 2 minutes is the same effect that we want to create-1 BRITISH HORROR/THRILLER FILM: ‘DORIAN GRAY’Good audience appealing techniquesMass amount of horrorInspiring overall concept-1 INSPIRATIONAL FILM: ‘THE MESSENGERS’Main inspiration/similarityUsed black and white editing, dark lighting, house scenes-1 GENRE DEFINING FILM: ‘PSYCHO’Famous and worldwide horror and thriller filmFits well with genre of own filmGood to analyse for ideas for our own
CODES AND CONVENTIONSCodes and conventions shape what is expected and what is produced when you are creating a new media product. I had to look at the typical codes and conventions of the genre’s we had chosen so we could use them as guidelines and create a successful film like real media products already. These are the camera, editing, mise-en- scene and sound conventions that I found in the 4 film openings I looked at: Above: From the film ‘DorianCamera: Gray’ showing a Close-up shot of•Quick changes in camera angles – LS to CU quickly – pace is faster and picks up audience’s attention more an important object•Close-ups of key subjects/events – shows importance/relevance to the storyline•Wide shots – establish surroundings, but normally surroundings are in darkness and even though audience arebeing shown a wide shot, they can’t always see the background clearlyEditing:•Quick cuts – make the pace fast•High angles – show that characters are in danger, suspense for audience•Low angles – empower the characters, heroic, excites audience Above: From the film ‘Law Abiding•Dark colours – different techniques including black and white, blurred edges, tail feathers, etc. Citizen’ showing a High angle shot of one of the charactersMise-en-place:•Dark lighting - mystery, hard to make out scenery•Dark coloured props and background – eeriness, sets the mood and tone to very suspicious, creepy•Not many objects in scene/only relevant ones – doesn’t draw audience’s attention away from main actionSound:•Music that creates tension – sets the mood of the scene, audience can guess what might happen from themusic, puts the audience on edge, sets the scene•Short, sharp sounds to exaggerate movements/actions – draws audience’s attention to the action more, makes itAbove: From the film ‘Psycho’ showing aimportant scene in almost darkness so it’s hard for audience to make out what’s happening
9 KEY SHOTSThe same as a I did to the 4 films that I analysed for, I have broken the opening of ‘Necrophobia’ into 9 key shots as a sort of summary as to what happens in the first 2 minutes. Here are the 9 shots:
HOW HAVE WE USED FORMS AND CONVENTIONS OF REAL MEDIA PRODUCTS? It was important for us to obviously stick to the research of codes and conventions that we made at the beginning, so these are the forms and conventions that we found from other films, and actually put into practice for our film:-Variety of camera angles – high and low (e.g. High angle when main character is ripping uppaper to show from his perspective, Low angle when character is being hurt to show their view)-Variety of camera shots - CU to LS (e.g. LS of house at beginning, CU of knives beingsharpened) Close-up-Fast cuts - to increase speed of pace (e.g. when characters were running through the forestsand fields)-Dark lighting – make it more mysterious (e.g.. edited tail feather, black and white editing) High angle-Tense music – eerie, suspenseful, scary to influence audience (e.g. music starts at beginningand sets the tone)-Short, sharp sound effects – to add edge and power to key scenes/points (e.g. in one of thefinal scenes when the bedroom cuts to blackness)-Stereotypical villain and victims – audience can relate well to characters and understandevents (e.g. the victims typically being all females and wearing light colours, and the villainbeing quite tall and dressed in dark colours)
HOW HAVE WE DEVELOPED FORMS AND CONVENTIONS OF REAL MEDIA PRODUCTS? We developed certain forms and conventions so that they were adapted to our film (for example: we used the original ‘editing’ but used that to edit our work with a ‘tail feather’ around the edges to make the scenes darker and look like they have natural shadows). These are the codes and conventions that we then developed and even though keeping the same original idea, we produced more of it: Zooming in to out-Included CU shots and LS in both one sequence – (e.g. the zooming in and out in the firstscene with the house)-Close ups of important subjects and then zooming out to important settings – (e.g. close upof door name and then zooming out to show entire house)-Edited on Final Cut to make the lighting even darker – makes it more mysterious for audienceif they can’t make out some of the scenery as they are in the ‘unknown’ (e.g. the final scene ofthe village is in almost blackness and only the houses and roads can be made out)-Dull coloured scenery – (e.g. forests, fields, dark weather) – specifically chosen objects tofeature that are typical horror/thriller scenery/locations, and were chosen to build thesuspense and action of the film-Variety of pieces of tense music – to change it around a bit so that the audience doesn’t getbored of hearing the same piece of music throughout, and the variety allowed us to choose Dull coloured scenery, andmore appropriate pieces of music for different scenes (e.g. starts off with one music, then shot in evening timechanges when the pace increases and then goes back to same piece of music at end when pacecalms down again)
HOW HAVE WE CHALLENGED FORMS AND CONVENTIONS OF REAL MEDIA PRODUCTS?To make our product our own, we had to remember to challenge some of the codes and conventions that we found out, and this meant by twisting them and turningthem into something unique, or making up one of our own conventions. These are the forms and conventions that we challenged completely to make our own:-Using camera focus appropriately – we had to do this by ourselves, but I think thisis an important convention in most horror/thriller films because it’s so the audienceconcentrates on foreground subjects rather than background, and if they areclueless as to the surroundings then they are more likely to feel tense and scared. This shows slight blur around the edges and in the area highlighted-Blurred out some objects and the edges – similar to the above, but instead weedited out some of the edges on the Final Cut programme so that it fit our ‘in thepast’ scenario we were trying to create.-Edited into black and white – (inspiration from the opening of the film ‘The Above: ‘The Messengers’Messengers’) I chose this to make it darker and duller- therefore more scary and Below: Our Film ‘Necrophobia’more horror/thriller like- and show that it’s from the past- as it was set in 2001which was 10 years ago from the rest of the film.
REFERENCES Horror Definition: http://www.filmsite.org/horrorfilms.htmlThriller Definition: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/thriller Opening of ‘Law Abiding Citizen’ via Youtube - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t3FAyARAVVI Opening of ‘Psycho’ via Youtube - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QzkIaD6QGQw Opening of ‘The Messengers’ via Youtube - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S8-XOYNHa9c Opening of ‘Dorian Gray’ via Youtube (was removed) Youtube – www.youtube.com Google Images – www.google.com/images