Great Smokey Mountains National Park
By: Emma Miko
The Great Smokey Mountain National Park is a wonderful Park. It has
many different thing that you can do, like hikes, horse back riding,
camping,and fishing. There is also Auto touring, sight seeing, Nature Classes,
and Waterfalls that you can go see also.
When and Why the Park Was Established
The Great Smokey Mountain National Park was Authorized in 1296 but not
established until 1934 by the Act of Congress. It is located on the western side
of North Carolina and Tennessee. In the late 1800's the pioneer's settled in the
lower valley's. Each Year over 8-10 million people visit this park. It is the most
visited park in the country.
Natural features, Plants, and Animals
There are many plants and animals that live in the park (so many it's going to
take forever to write this) so I will start with the animals that were taken away
from this park. They are the Cougar, and Elk. Although Elk was reintroduced to
the park in 2001. There are 1,500 Bear's that live in this park also making it the
most largest resident of the park. The Black Bear is also the symbol of the park.
There are also many other kinds of animals, from 30 species of salamanders, 50
different fish, 10,000 invertebrates, 80 reptiles, 200 birds, and tons of
mammals. There are also 1,660 types of plants too. 32 types of violets, 29
orchids, and 8 trillium's. This park is also known for the global center of
flowering plants and non flowering plants. There are also 100 types of native
plants that live here. I think this is one of the best wild flower parks ever, and
they are trying to save the park for generations to enjoy. This park has the most
biological diversity of anywhere in the worlds temp zone. These Mountains are
not high enough to have timberline but they do have dogwoods that bloom in
the spring. The elevations of the mountains is 800 to 6,643feet some reaching
to over 1,800 meters. These are some of the world's oldest mountains.They also
cover 800 Square miles of the Appalachian Mountains. 10 native species of
native trees live in these mountains. The park has 520,269 acres of dense
forested land. These mountains also have lots +of waterfalls that look so
refreshing. There is over 2,100 miles of streams too. The air has its own cool
thing too, it has wispy clouds that cover the mountains like a blanket. The air is
also defused with a green gray light.
History and culture
John Oliver was once a settler here and his cabin still stands as an attraction
to the park. The Cherokees once settled here also leaving the park to have most
of the Cherokee heritage. This park also has Appalachian Mountain History.
Challenges of the Park
There are very few challenges of this park, and that is temperature. The
Climate of this park can have a very big influence on the plants and animals,
and if the plants die the animals will die. Did you know that the temperature
has a 10-20 degree difference from top to bottom?
So I hope you enjoyed reading this as much as I did writing it and I hope you
got some info on the plants and animals. I also to some day visit this park and
see all the wonders I talked about and maybe even go fishing!