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Chapter1

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Research Methods in Education 6th Edition

Research Methods in Education 6th Edition

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  • 1. PARADIGMS OF SOCIAL RESEARCH © LOUIS COHEN, LAWRENCE MANION & KEITH MORRISON
  • 2. STRUCTURE OF THE CHAPTER • The search for truth • Two conceptions of social reality • Positivism • The assumptions, nature and tools of science • The scientific method • Criticisms of positivism and the scientific method • Naturalistic approaches • Normative and interpretive paradigms • Phenomenology, ethnomethodology, symbolic interactionism • Criticisms of naturalistic and interpretive approaches • Mixed methods research • Post-positivism, post modernism and post-structuralism • Complexity theory
  • 3. PARADIGMS OF SOCIAL RESEARCH COMPLEXITY THEORY INTERPRETIVE MIXED METHODS POST-POSITIVIST POST- STRUCTURALIST POST-MODERNIST POSITIVIST
  • 4. POSITIVISM (MACRO) NOMOTHETIC, LAWS OBJECTIVITY CAUSALITY NATURAL SCIENCE BASIS GENERALIZATION PREDICTION CONTROL, MANIPULATION QUANTIFICATION, LARGE SCALE
  • 5. POSITIVIST DESIGN REVIEW PREVIOUS LITERATURE FORMULATE HYPOTHESIS DESIGN RESEARCH COLLECT DATA IDENTIFY TOPIC ANALYZE DATA REPORT FINDINGS LOOK FOR ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATIONS START PROCESS AGAIN NO YES
  • 6. POSITIVIST METHODS EXPERIMENTS SURVEYS TESTS
  • 7. INTERPRETIVE PARADIGM (MICRO) NATURALISTIC SPECIFIC/NON- GENERALIZABLE SUBJECTIVITY, INTENTIONALITY UNDERSTANDING/ INTERPRETATION IDIOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION CONTEXT-BOUND AGENCY FLUIDITY, CHANGE MULTIPLE PERSPECTIVES
  • 8. INTERPRETIVE/ETHNOGRAPHIC LITERATURE REVIEW IDENTIFY TOPIC RESEARCH DESIGN DATA COLLECTION DATA ANALYSIS ELABORATION OF CONCEPTS/THEORIES REPORT OF FINDINGS
  • 9. NATURALISTIC METHODS ETHNOGRAPHY NARRATIVES, DOCUMENTS THICK DESCRIPTION OBSERVATION INTERVIEWS
  • 10. NUMBERS, MEASUREMENT SURVEY, EXPERIMENT POSITIVIST APPROACHES ETHNOGRAPHY NATURALISTIC APPROACHES INTERVIEW OBSERVATION CASE STUDY ACTION RESEARCH
  • 11. NUMBERS, MEASUREMENT SURVEY ACTION RESEARCH MIXED METHODS ETHNOGRAPHY EXPERIMENT INTERVIEW HISTORICAL & DOCUMENTARY OBSERVATION CASE STUDY META- ANALYSIS VIRTUAL WORLDS
  • 12. MULTIPLE REALITIES INTERPRETIVE RELATIVIST POST-POSITIVISM, POST- STRUCTURALISM & POSTMODERNISM NO GRAND NARRATIVES CONTEXT & TEMPORALITY DIFFERENCE & DIVERSITY DISCOURSES PHENOMENOLOGY CONTRADICTORY DISCOURSES AGENCY & INDIVIDUALISM MULTIPLE MEANINGS
  • 13. COMPLEXITY THEORY Complex adaptive systems Non-linear systems Open systems Relationships Emergence Connected- ness Order without control Distributed control Feedback/ communi- cation Self- organization Holism

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