Introducing Government in America Chapter 1
Introduction <ul><li>Politics and government matter. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans are apathetic about politics and governme...
Introduction <ul><li>The Political Disengagement of College Students Today (Figure 1.1) </li></ul>
Introduction
Introduction <ul><li>Presidential Election Turnout Rates by Age (Figure 1.3) </li></ul>
Government <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The institutions and processes through which public policies are made...
Politics <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The process by which we select our governmental leaders and what polici...
The Policymaking System <ul><li>The process by which policy comes into being and evolves over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Figu...
People <ul><li>Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns </li></ul>
Linkage Institutions <ul><li>Political Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Elections </li></ul><ul><li>News & Entertainment Media </...
Policy Agenda <ul><li>Political Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These arise when people disagree about a problem and how to f...
Policymaking Institutions <ul><li>Legislature (Congress) </li></ul><ul><li>Executive (President) </li></ul><ul><li>Courts ...
Policy Impacts People
Policy Impacts People <ul><li>Impacts of Policies: </li></ul><ul><li>Does it solve the problem? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it ...
Democracy <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so tha...
Theories of U.S. Democracy <ul><li>Pluralist Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A theory of government and policies emphasizing ...
Theories of U.S. Democracy <ul><li>Elite and Class Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A theory of government and politics conten...
Theories of U.S. Democracy <ul><li>Hyperpluralism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A theory of government and politics contending tha...
Challenges to Democracy <ul><li>Increased Technical Expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Participation in Government </li><...
Questions About Democracy <ul><li>Are the people knowledgeable- and do they apply what they know? </li></ul><ul><li>Do int...
American Individualism <ul><li>Individualism is the belief that individuals should be left on their own by the government....
Questions about the Scope of Government <ul><li>How big a role does the Constitution say should be played by the federal g...
Questions about the Scope of Government, continued <ul><li>Do competing political parties make for better policies? </li><...
Questions about the Scope of Government, continued <ul><li>Can the president control the government, or has it gotten too ...
Questions about the Scope of Government, continued <ul><li>Do the federal courts overstep their bounds and intrude on the ...
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Government pp chapter 1

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  • Government pp chapter 1

    1. 1. Introducing Government in America Chapter 1
    2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Politics and government matter. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans are apathetic about politics and government. </li></ul><ul><li>American youth are less likely to be informed about government and politics and participate less in politics. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>The Political Disengagement of College Students Today (Figure 1.1) </li></ul>
    4. 4. Introduction
    5. 5. Introduction <ul><li>Presidential Election Turnout Rates by Age (Figure 1.3) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Government <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The institutions and processes through which public policies are made for society. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This definition leads to two basic questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How should we govern? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What should government do? </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Politics <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The process by which we select our governmental leaders and what policies these leaders produce. Politics produces authoritative decisions about public issues. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also consider Lasswell’s definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who gets what, when and how. </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. The Policymaking System <ul><li>The process by which policy comes into being and evolves over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Figure 1.4 </li></ul>Figure 1.3
    9. 9. People <ul><li>Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns </li></ul>
    10. 10. Linkage Institutions <ul><li>Political Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Elections </li></ul><ul><li>News & Entertainment Media </li></ul><ul><li>Interest Groups </li></ul>
    11. 11. Policy Agenda <ul><li>Political Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These arise when people disagree about a problem and how to fix it. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some issues will be considered, and others will not. </li></ul><ul><li>A government’s policy agenda changes regularly. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Policymaking Institutions <ul><li>Legislature (Congress) </li></ul><ul><li>Executive (President) </li></ul><ul><li>Courts (Federal and State) </li></ul><ul><li>Bureaucracies (Federal and State) </li></ul>
    13. 13. Policy Impacts People
    14. 14. Policy Impacts People <ul><li>Impacts of Policies: </li></ul><ul><li>Does it solve the problem? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it create more problems? </li></ul>
    15. 15. Democracy <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the public’s preferences. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equality in voting </li></ul><ul><li>Effective participation </li></ul><ul><li>Enlightened understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen control of the agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion </li></ul>
    16. 16. Theories of U.S. Democracy <ul><li>Pluralist Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A theory of government and policies emphasizing that politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Groups will work together </li></ul><ul><li>Public interest will prevail </li></ul>
    17. 17. Theories of U.S. Democracy <ul><li>Elite and Class Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A theory of government and politics contending that societies are divided along class lines and that an upper-class elite will rule, regardless of the formal niceties of governmental organization. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not all groups are equal </li></ul><ul><li>Policies benefit those with money / power </li></ul>
    18. 18. Theories of U.S. Democracy <ul><li>Hyperpluralism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are too many ways for groups to control policy. </li></ul><ul><li>Confusing / contradictory policies </li></ul>
    19. 19. Challenges to Democracy <ul><li>Increased Technical Expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Participation in Government </li></ul><ul><li>Escalating Campaign Costs </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse Political Interests (policy gridlock) </li></ul>
    20. 20. Questions About Democracy <ul><li>Are the people knowledgeable- and do they apply what they know? </li></ul><ul><li>Do interest groups help the process, or do they get in the way? </li></ul><ul><li>Do political parties offer clear consistent choices for voters? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the President & Congress work in the best interests of ALL the people? </li></ul>
    21. 21. American Individualism <ul><li>Individualism is the belief that individuals should be left on their own by the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism is highly valued in the United States with a strong preference for free markets and limited government. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Questions about the Scope of Government <ul><li>How big a role does the Constitution say should be played by the federal government? </li></ul><ul><li>Does a bigger, more involved (active) government limit the people’s freedoms? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we need a bigger, more involved government to protect our freedoms? </li></ul>
    23. 23. Questions about the Scope of Government, continued <ul><li>Do competing political parties make for better policies? </li></ul><ul><li>Do more interest groups create a bigger government? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the media help control the size and policies government? </li></ul>
    24. 24. Questions about the Scope of Government, continued <ul><li>Can the president control the government, or has it gotten too big? </li></ul><ul><li>Can Congress respond to the needs of the people, or just to the interest groups? </li></ul><ul><li>Do members of Congress expand government by seeking to be re-elected? </li></ul>
    25. 25. Questions about the Scope of Government, continued <ul><li>Do the federal courts overstep their bounds and intrude on the powers of other branches of government? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the federal agencies too large and unresponsive to the public they are supposed to serve? </li></ul>

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