Cubism Cubism was a truly revolutionary style of modern art developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque.It was the first style of abstract art which evolved at the beginning of the 20thcentury in response to a world that was changing with unprecedented speed.Cubism was an attempt by artists to revitalize the tired traditions of Western artwhich they believed had run their course.The Cubists challenged conventional forms of representation, such asperspective, which had been the rule since the Renaissance. Their aim was todevelop a new way of seeing which reflected the modern age.
CUBISM•Fitting all angles of a three- dimensional object in the same two-dimensional picture
Analytic Cubism Cubism had two distinct phases. The early phase which lasted until about 1912 was called Analytical Cubism.Here the artist analyzed the subject frommany different viewpoints and reconstructedit within a geometric framework, the overalleffect of which was to create an image thatevoked a sense of the subject.These fragmented images were unified by theuse of a subdued and limited palette ofcolors.Georges Braque (1882-1963)Violin and Jug (oil on canvas, 1910)
Synthetic Cubism Influenced by the introduction of bold and simple collage shapes, Synthetic Cubism moved away from the unified monochrome surfaces of Analytic Cubism to a more direct, colorful and decorative style.Although synthetic cubist images appearmore abstract in their use of simplifiedforms, the other elements of theircomposition are applied quite traditionally.Interchanging lines, colors, patterns andtextures, that switch from geometric tofreehand, dark to light, positive to negativeand plain to patterned, advance and recedein rhythms across the picture plane.Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)Still Life with Mandolin and Guitar (oil on canvas, 1924)