Amedeo Modigliani
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Amedeo Modigliani

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Introduction for a 6th grade self-portraiture lesson

Introduction for a 6th grade self-portraiture lesson

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Amedeo Modigliani Amedeo Modigliani Presentation Transcript

  • Amedeo Modigliani Haunting elongated, mask-like portraits.
  • Family & Early Life ● Born into a Jewish family in Livorno, Italy ● His family was persecuted for their religion, grandmother came to Italy for religious freedom ● Mother, Eugenie, was fluent in many languages, founded a talmudic study school ● Father, Flaminio was a businessman and engineer “He behaves like a spoiled child, but he does not lack intelligence. We shall have to wait and see what is inside his chrysalis. Perhaps an artist?” -Eugenie Garsin Modigliani’s birthplace, Livorno, Italy
  • Art School ● At 14, Modigliani had typhoid fever and raved that he wanted to see the paintings in Palazzo Pitti and Uffizi in Florence. ● When he was well, his mother took him to Florence, and enrolled him with the best painting master in Livorno, Guglielmo Micheli. ● He worked in Micheli’s Art school from 1898 to 1900. ● He was heavily influenced by artwork of the Renaissance. ● 1902 - studied in Florence at the Academia di Belle Arti The Tuscan Road, 1899 The Bearded Man, 1905
  • Literary Influences ● He read constantly, and was most interested in philosophical works of Nietzche, Baudelaire, Carducci, and Comte de Lautreamont. ● He developed the belief that the only route to true creativity was through defiance and disorder. ● He was most interested with figure drawing at this time. ● He embraced the bohemian lifestyle and radical philosophies.
  • Paris ● In 1906, Modigliani moved to Paris, the center of the Avante-Garde movement. ● At the same time, Gino Severini and Juan Gris had also moved to Paris. ● He settled in Le Bateau-Lavoire, a commune for poor artists in Montmartre, and rented a studio in Rue Caulaincourt. ● Modigliani decorated his studio with heavy drapes and Renaissance reproduction paintings and was seen to wear brown corduroys, a scarlet scarf, and a large black hat. Head of Woman with a Hat, 1907
  • Working in Paris ● Modigliani worked at a fast pace, making as many as 100 drawings a day. ● He was influenced by Henri Toulouse-Lautrec and Paul Cezanne. ● His parisian friends called him Modi (which translates to “cursed”) ● He had many relationships with women, but ultimately fell in love with Jeanne Hebuterne, an art student. ● Her parents did not approve of Modigliani because he was Jewish. Paul Cezanne, Peasant, 1891 Toulouse-Lautrec, Jane Avril, 1892
  • Developing Style The Jewish Woman, 1908 Jean Alexandre, 1909
  • Developing Style Portrait of Paul Alexander on Green Background, 1909 The Beggar of Livorne, 1909
  • Signature Style Portrait of a Young Girl 1910 Portrait of Paul Alexander, 1912
  • Signature Style Madame Pompadour, 1914 Andre Rouveyre, 1915
  • Signature Style Bride and Groom, 1915 Portrait of Henri Laurens, 1915
  • Portraits of Artist Friends Portrait of Diego Rivera, 1914 Portrait of Frank Burty Haviland, 1914
  • Portraits of Artist Friends Portrait of Picasso, 1915 Portrait of Juan Gris, 1915
  • Portraits of Artist Friends Portrait of Jean Cocteau, 1917 Portrait of Chaim Soutine, 1917
  • Jeanne Hebuterne Jeanne Hebuterne in Red Shawl, 1917 Jeanne Hebuterne with Hat and Necklace, 1917
  • Jeanne Hebuterne Jeanne Hebuterne, 1918 Jeanne Hebuterne, 1918
  • Jeanne Hebuterne Jeanne Hebuterne in a large hat, 1918 The Artist’s Wife, 1918
  • Jeanne Hebuterne Jeanne Hebuterne, 1919 Jeanne Hebuterne, 1919
  • Late Portraits Girl in a Sailor’s Blouse, 1918 Leopold Zboroski, 1918
  • Late Portraits Lunia Czeckowska with her left hand on her cheek, 1918 Pierre Edouard Baranowski, 1918
  • Late Portraits Jeanne Hebuterne with her left arm behind her head, 1919 Young Man with Cap, 1919
  • Modigliani’s Death ● Modigliani died on January 24, 1920 of tubercular meningitis (then incurable) ● He died penniless, having had only one solo exhibition in his life. ● He gave his artwork away in exchange for meals in restaurants. ● Since his death, nine novels, a play, a documentary, and three feature films have been devoted to his life.
  • Modigliani’s Style ● Elongated neck and face ● Curving, rounded poses ● Flattened faces, with eyebrows that slope to meet the edges of the nose. ● Eyes that are filled with color, no iris or pupil definition ● Sometimes heavily outlined, sometimes delicately shaded ● Simple backgrounds, marks from paintbrush are visible Portrait of Man with Hat, 1915 Portrait of a Woman in a Black Tie, 1917 Head of a Girl, 1918
  • Making Elongated Self-Portraits Examples from: Deep Space Sparkle
  • Today’s Studio Session ● Thumbnail sketches are small, simple drawings that fill up a page with ideas. They are not complete or very detailed! This is like a visual brainstorm. ● Sketch at least 5 different possibilities for your self-portrait in your sketchbook. Add hats and other accessories, practice using different facial expressions, and consider adding an arm or hand gesture. ● Next week, we will use your favorite sketch as the basis for a large oil-pastel drawing.