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Objective 1

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  • 1. Objective 1 The student will demonstrate anunderstanding of issues and events in U.S. History.
  • 2. OverviewThe early history of America before wedeclared independence from Great BritainThe American RevolutionCreating our countryCivil War
  • 3. Important Dates Date Reason of Importance1776 The Declaration of Independence is signed on July 4th.1787 The Constitutional Convention meets in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and drafts the U.S. Constitution. The Constitution creates the basic structure of the federal government.1861 - 1865 ● Southern States establish the Confederate States of America (1861) ● Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as president of the United States (1861) ● Confederate forces bombard Fort Sumter in South Carolina, marking the beginning of the Civil War (1861) ● President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, which frees slaves in areas controlled by the Confederacy (1863) ● The Union army wins the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania (1863) ● Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrenders to Union general Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in Virginia (1865) ● President Lincoln is assassinated in Washington, D.C. (1865)
  • 4. Review QuestionWhich of the following events occurred in1861?A)The Issue of the Emancipation ProclamationB)The attack on Fort SumterC)The Battle of GettysburgD)The assassination of President Lincoln
  • 5. Explained...Which of the following events occurred in1861?A)Incorrect. President Abraham Lincoln is-sued the final version of the EmancipationProclamation on January 1, 1863.B)The attack on Fort SumterC)The Battle of GettysburgD)The assassination of President Lincoln
  • 6. Explained...Which of the following events occurred in1861?A)Incorrect. President Abraham Lincoln is-sued the final version of the EmancipationProclamation on January 1, 1863.B)The attack on Fort SumterC)Incorrect. The Battle of Getysburg, a turn-ing point of the Civil War, was fought in July1863D)The assassination of President Lincoln
  • 7. Explained...Which of the following events occurred in1861?A)Incorrect. President Abraham Lincoln is-sued the final version of the EmancipationProclamation on January 1, 1863.B)The attack on Fort SumterC)Incorrect. The Battle of Getysburg, a turn-ing point of the Civil War, was fought in July1863D)Incorrect. President Lincoln was shot whilewatching a play in Washington, D.C. On April14, 1865. He died the next day.
  • 8. Explained...Which of the following events occurred in1861?A)Incorrect. President Abraham Lincoln issuedthe final version of the Emancipation Proclama-tion on January 1, 1863.B)Correct. The first military engagement of theCivil War began on April 12, 1861, when Con-federate cannons began firing on Fort Sumter.C)Incorrect. The Battle of Gettysburg, a turningpoint of the Civil War, was fought in July 1863D)Incorrect. President Lincoln was shot whilewatching a play in Washington, D.C. On April14, 1865. He died the next day.
  • 9. Difference between George Washington and Thomas JeffersonGeorge Washington Thomas JeffersonServed as 1st President of the Served as 3rd President of theUnited States. United States.Served as commander in chief Served as a minister in Franceduring of the Continental army from 1785 to 1789.during the American Revolution.Defeated the British general Wrote the first draft of theCornwallis in the Battle of Declaration of Independence.Yorktown.Encouraged the United States to Sent negotiators to arrange thestay neutral during the French Louisiana Purchase in 1803.Revolution.
  • 10. Articles of ConfederationWere approved by Congress in 1777 st1 national Constitution of the United StatesAll 13 states ratified it in 1781Created a single governing body called the Continental Congress Each state had a representative
  • 11. Articles of ConfederationHave several weaknesses Could not mend articles without all 13 states approval No executive branch Congress could not regulate trade Congress Could not impose taxes
  • 12. Articles of ConfederationIn 1787 many Americans had become dissatisfied with the way the national government functionedMay 25, 1787 the Continental Congress came together to revise ArticlesThe U.S. Constitution was created.
  • 13. The U.S. ConstitutionThe document was created, but could not be used until 9 of the 13 states approvedThis decision split the country into 2 sides Federalists Those who approved the ratification Anti-Federalists Those who dont want ratificationBy 1788 nine states had ratified the ConstitutionIn April the next year George Washington was inaugurated as the 1st president
  • 14. Grievances Remedies in the Constitution and Bill of Rights1) “He [King George III] has made Judges salaries cannot bejudges dependent on his will alone, forthe tenure of their offices, and the cut during their term in office.amount and payment of their salaries.” (Article III, Section 1)2) “He has refused his assent to laws, Congress can override a pres-the most wholesome and necessary forthe public good.” idential veto. (Article I, Sec- tion 7)3) “He has kept among us, in times of Soldiers cannot be quarteredpeace, standing armies without theconsent of our legislation.” without consent in peoples homes during times of peace. (3rd Amendment)4) “...depriving us in many cases of the A person accused of a crimebenefits of trial by jury...” has the right tp a speedy and public trial.5) “...imposing taxes on us without our Congress has the power toconsent...” collect revenue. (Article 1, Section 8)

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