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    Amendments pp Amendments pp Presentation Transcript

    • Amending the U.S. Constitution Objective 2.04
    • Bill of Rights 1 st 10 Amendments to the U.S. Constitution Objective 1.07
    • Amendment I
      • Freedoms of:
        • R: Religion
        • A: Assembly
        • P: Petition
        • P: Press
        • S: Speech
    • Limits Freedom of Speech
      • Cannot provoke riots
      • Cannot speak or write in a way that immediately leads to criminal activity or efforts to overthrow the government
      • Cannot spread lies to hurt ones reputation
        • Slander: spoken lies
        • Libel: printed lies
    • Limits on Freedom of Religion
      • Government
        • Establishment Clause – government may not establish an official religion
        • Free Exercise Clause – government may not prohibit people from exercising (practicing) their religion
      • People
        • May not break laws with religion
    • Amendment II
      • Right to bear arms: own firearms
      • Right to a state militia (We now call the militia the National Guard)
    • Amendment III
      • No quartering (providing food and shelter) of troops during peacetime, and only with authorization of Congress during war.
    • Amendment IV
      • No illegal search and seizure (the searching and taking of items)
      • Search warrant must be provided, unless probable cause is evident
    • Amendment V
      • 1. Cannot be put on trial for a crime w/o a formal charge by a grand jury.
      • 2. Protection from double jeopardy, being put on trial for the same charge twice.
      • 3. Right to remain silent (plead the 5 th ), cannot be forced to perform self-incrimination (testify against themselves)
      • 4. May not be denied “life, liberty, or property” w/o due process (following established legal procedures)
      • 5. Limits powers of eminent domain, the right of the government to take private property for public use
    • Amendment VI
      • Right to speedy and public trial by jury in a criminal case
      • Right to an attorney
    • Amendment VII
      • Right to trial by jury in a civil case (when a person sues another)
    • Amendment VIII
      • Prohibits:
        • Excessive bails and fines
        • Cruel and unusual punishment
    • Amendment IX
      • Any rights not listed are still protected
      • Example: privacy, government interference with our personal lives
    • Amendment X
      • Any powers not listed in the Constitution are reserved for the states.
    • 11 th Amendment (1795)
      • Limits suits brought against states
      • Citizens of one state cannot bring a lawsuit against another state
    • 12 th Amendment (1804)
      • Electoral College must vote for President and V.P. separately
      • No more 1 st and 2 nd place winners
    • 13 th Amendment (1865)
      • Bans slavery and forced labor
      • NOT the same as the Emancipation Proclamation!
    • 14 th Amendment (1868)
      • Declared all former slaves to be U.S. citizens
      • Guaranteed equal rights to ALL citizens
    • 15 th Amendment (1870)
      • Stated that race cannot be used to deny voting rights, in other words, African Americans were given the right to vote
      • Amendments 13-15 are known as the Civil War Amendments.
    • 16 th Amendment (1895)
      • Gives the authority for the federal government to collect income taxes
    • 17 th Amendment (1913)
      • The people, instead of state legislators, elect their Senators
    • 18 th Amendment (1919)
      • Prohibition was established—banning the sale, consumption, and production of alcohol
      X
    • 19 th Amendment (1920)
      • Granted women suffrage (the right to vote)
    • 20 th Amendment (1933)
      • Set new date for Congress to begin its term (Jan. 3 rd ) and for the inauguration of the President and V.P. (Jan. 20 th )
    • 21 st Amendment (1933)
      • Repealed (got rid of) the prohibition of alcohol
    • 22 nd Amendment (1951)
      • Limits president to only serving 2 terms
    • 23 rd Amendment (1961)
      • Gave residents of Washington D.C. votes in the Electoral College
    • 24 th Amendment (1964)
      • Prohibits poll taxes so that even the poor can vote
    • 25 th Amendment (1967)
      • Defines the succession of the president
      • How a new V.P. is named if the president dies
    • 26 th Amendment (1971)
      • Lowered the voting age to 18
    • 27 th Amendment (1992)
      • Members of Congress cannot get pay raises until the beginning of a new term
      • Took 74,003 days to pass!