Amendments pp


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Amendments pp

  1. 1. Amending the U.S. Constitution Objective 2.04
  2. 2. Bill of Rights 1 st 10 Amendments to the U.S. Constitution Objective 1.07
  3. 3. Amendment I <ul><li>Freedoms of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R: Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A: Assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P: Petition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P: Press </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S: Speech </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Limits Freedom of Speech <ul><li>Cannot provoke riots </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot speak or write in a way that immediately leads to criminal activity or efforts to overthrow the government </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot spread lies to hurt ones reputation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slander: spoken lies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Libel: printed lies </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Limits on Freedom of Religion <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment Clause – government may not establish an official religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Exercise Clause – government may not prohibit people from exercising (practicing) their religion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May not break laws with religion </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Amendment II <ul><li>Right to bear arms: own firearms </li></ul><ul><li>Right to a state militia (We now call the militia the National Guard) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Amendment III <ul><li>No quartering (providing food and shelter) of troops during peacetime, and only with authorization of Congress during war. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Amendment IV <ul><li>No illegal search and seizure (the searching and taking of items) </li></ul><ul><li>Search warrant must be provided, unless probable cause is evident </li></ul>
  9. 9. Amendment V <ul><li>1. Cannot be put on trial for a crime w/o a formal charge by a grand jury. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Protection from double jeopardy, being put on trial for the same charge twice. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Right to remain silent (plead the 5 th ), cannot be forced to perform self-incrimination (testify against themselves) </li></ul><ul><li>4. May not be denied “life, liberty, or property” w/o due process (following established legal procedures) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Limits powers of eminent domain, the right of the government to take private property for public use </li></ul>
  10. 10. Amendment VI <ul><li>Right to speedy and public trial by jury in a criminal case </li></ul><ul><li>Right to an attorney </li></ul>
  11. 11. Amendment VII <ul><li>Right to trial by jury in a civil case (when a person sues another) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Amendment VIII <ul><li>Prohibits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive bails and fines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cruel and unusual punishment </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Amendment IX <ul><li>Any rights not listed are still protected </li></ul><ul><li>Example: privacy, government interference with our personal lives </li></ul>
  14. 14. Amendment X <ul><li>Any powers not listed in the Constitution are reserved for the states. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 11 th Amendment (1795) <ul><li>Limits suits brought against states </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens of one state cannot bring a lawsuit against another state </li></ul>
  16. 16. 12 th Amendment (1804) <ul><li>Electoral College must vote for President and V.P. separately </li></ul><ul><li>No more 1 st and 2 nd place winners </li></ul>
  17. 17. 13 th Amendment (1865) <ul><li>Bans slavery and forced labor </li></ul><ul><li>NOT the same as the Emancipation Proclamation! </li></ul>
  18. 18. 14 th Amendment (1868) <ul><li>Declared all former slaves to be U.S. citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Guaranteed equal rights to ALL citizens </li></ul>
  19. 19. 15 th Amendment (1870) <ul><li>Stated that race cannot be used to deny voting rights, in other words, African Americans were given the right to vote </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Amendments 13-15 are known as the Civil War Amendments. </li></ul>
  21. 21. 16 th Amendment (1895) <ul><li>Gives the authority for the federal government to collect income taxes </li></ul>
  22. 22. 17 th Amendment (1913) <ul><li>The people, instead of state legislators, elect their Senators </li></ul>
  23. 23. 18 th Amendment (1919) <ul><li>Prohibition was established—banning the sale, consumption, and production of alcohol </li></ul>X
  24. 24. 19 th Amendment (1920) <ul><li>Granted women suffrage (the right to vote) </li></ul>
  25. 25. 20 th Amendment (1933) <ul><li>Set new date for Congress to begin its term (Jan. 3 rd ) and for the inauguration of the President and V.P. (Jan. 20 th ) </li></ul>
  26. 26. 21 st Amendment (1933) <ul><li>Repealed (got rid of) the prohibition of alcohol </li></ul>
  27. 27. 22 nd Amendment (1951) <ul><li>Limits president to only serving 2 terms </li></ul>
  28. 28. 23 rd Amendment (1961) <ul><li>Gave residents of Washington D.C. votes in the Electoral College </li></ul>
  29. 29. 24 th Amendment (1964) <ul><li>Prohibits poll taxes so that even the poor can vote </li></ul>
  30. 30. 25 th Amendment (1967) <ul><li>Defines the succession of the president </li></ul><ul><li>How a new V.P. is named if the president dies </li></ul>
  31. 31. 26 th Amendment (1971) <ul><li>Lowered the voting age to 18 </li></ul>
  32. 32. 27 th Amendment (1992) <ul><li>Members of Congress cannot get pay raises until the beginning of a new term </li></ul><ul><li>Took 74,003 days to pass! </li></ul>