Transcript of "Understanding figurativelanguage day 1"
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Understanding Figurative Language<br />
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Essential Questions<br />What is figurative language?<br />How can I interpret figurative language?<br />
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What is figurative language?<br />Here are some examples. What do you think figurative language means?<br />The wind whispered softly through the trees.<br />The cafeteria pizza was a soggy, droopy piece of cardboard.<br />The teacher glared like a furious dragon.<br />
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What is figurative language?<br />The wind whispered through the trees<br />Can wind really whisper?<br />What is the author trying to tell us about wind?<br />
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What is figurative language?<br />The cafeteria pizza was a soggy, droopy piece of cardboard.<br />Is the pizza really cardboard?<br />What is the author trying to tell us about the pizza?<br />
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What is figurative language?<br />The teacher glared like a furious dragon.<br />Was the teacher really a dragon?<br />What is the author trying to tell us about the teacher?<br />
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What is figurative language?<br />Figurative language expresses an idea that goes beyond the actual meaning of the words<br />Wind can’t whisper…but the expression gives you an idea of how the wind sounds<br />
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Kinds of figurative language<br />There are actually many kinds of figurative language. In this presentation, we’ll focus on three<br />Personification<br />Similes<br />Metaphors<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />To interpret figurative language means to understand what the author is trying to say<br />To interpret figurative language, it’s important to understand how different kinds of figurative language work<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />Personification is a kind of figurative language<br />Personification means to give human thoughts and qualities to nonhuman objects<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The tree stood tall and proud by the curving path<br />How does this sentence show personification?<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The tree stood tall and proud by the curving path<br />How is this sentence showing the tree doing something that trees don’t really do?<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The tree stood tall and proud by the curving path<br />That’s right! Trees can’t really feel proud. This is an example of personification.<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The tree stood tall and proud by the curving path<br />What is the author trying to tell us about the tree?<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The leaves danced as they fell from the trees<br />What are the leaves doing that leaves can’t really do?<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The leaves danced as they fell from the trees<br />That’s right! Leaves can’t dance<br />This is an example of personification<br />What is the author trying to tell us about the leaves?<br />
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Let’s Review!<br />What is figurative language?<br />What is personification?<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />A simile is another kind of figurative language<br />A simile is a comparison between two unlike objects using “like” or “as” <br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The four students sat down at the cafeteria table and ate like pigs<br />What is being compared in this simile?<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The four students sat down at the cafeteria table and ate like pigs<br />What is being compared in this simile?<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The four students sat down at the cafeteria table and ate like pigs<br />That’s right! The author is comparing the students to pigs<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The four students sat down at the cafeteria table and ate like pigs<br />What is the author trying to say about the way that the students are eating?<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The waves licked the shore like a kitten lapping milk<br />What is the author comparing in this simile?<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The waves licked the shore like a kitten lapping milk<br />That’s right! The waves are being compared to a kitten lapping milk<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The waves licked the shore like a kitten lapping milk<br />What is the author trying to say about the waves—that they are rough and fierce, or small and gentle?<br />
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Let’s Review!<br />What is it called when an author gives human thoughts and feelings to non-human objects?<br />Personification<br />What is a comparison using “like” or “as”?<br />Simile<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />A metaphor is another kind of figurative language<br />A metaphor is a comparison that does not use “like” or “as”<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The school was a maze of hallways and passages<br />What is being compared in this metaphor?<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The school was a maze of hallways and passages<br />That’s right! The school is being compared to a maze<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The school was a maze of hallways and passages<br />What idea is the author trying to express with this metaphor?<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The math test was a walk in the park<br />What is being compared in this metaphor?<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The math test was a walk in the park<br />That’s right! The math test is being compared to a walk in the park<br />
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How can I interpret figurative language?<br />The math test was a walk in the park<br />What is the author trying to tell us about the math test?<br />
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Let’s Review<br />Which kind of figurative language makes a comparison using “like” or “as”?<br />Simile<br />Which kind of figurative language gives human thoughts and qualities to non-human objects?<br />Personification<br />
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Let’s Review<br />Which kind of figurative language makes a comparison without using “like” or “as”?<br />Metaphor<br />
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Practice<br />Read the examples on the next few slides<br />Which kind of figurative language do they show?<br />How can you interpret the figurative language?<br />
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Example #1<br />The airplane landed as gracefully as a ballerina<br />Personification<br />Simile<br />Metaphor<br />
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Example #1<br />The airplane landed as gracefully as a ballerina<br />Simile<br />
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Example #1<br />The airplane landed as gracefully as a ballerina<br />Interpret the simile<br />What is the author comparing?<br />What is the author trying to tell us?<br />
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Example #1<br />The airplane landed as gracefully as a ballerina<br />Interpret the simile<br />What is the author comparing?<br />What is the author trying to tell us?<br />
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Example #2<br />The water smashed angrily against the rocks<br />Personification<br />Simile<br />Metaphor<br />
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Example #2<br />The water smashed angrily against the rocks<br />Personification<br />
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Example #2<br />The water smashed angrily against the rocks<br />Interpret the personification!<br />What is the water doing that water doesn’t really do?<br />What is the author trying to tell us about the water?<br />
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Example #3<br />My brother’s room was a dark, mysterious cave<br />Personification<br />Simile<br />Metaphor<br />
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Example #3<br />My brother’s room was a dark, mysterious cave<br />Metaphor<br />
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Example #3<br />My brother’s room was a dark, mysterious cave<br />Interpret the metaphor!<br />What is the author comparing?<br />What is the author trying to show about the brother’s room?<br />
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Essential Questions<br />Can you answer these questions?<br />What is figurative language?<br />How can I interpret figurative language?<br />
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You try it!<br />Can you describe yourself using a simile? <br />Example: Ms. Pearson runs like the wind. <br />Try using a metaphor to describe a football game. <br />Example: The game was a bloody battle. <br />Now use personification to describe an object in the room.<br /> The chair groaned when I sat on it. <br />
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