6904 gerunds and gerund phrases
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6904 gerunds and gerund phrases 6904 gerunds and gerund phrases Presentation Transcript

  • Gerunds and Gerund Phrases 2006
  • Verbals and Verbal Phrases: A Review
    • Remember, when verbs do what they’re told, they are an action or a state of being…
      • John, a 10 th grader, plays Playstation 2 until PS3 comes out on the market.
        • Easy! PLAYS is our verb, right?
  • Verbals and Verbal Phrases: A Review
    • But sometimes, verbs act like NOUNS, which as we all know, can be confusing….
    • Playing Playstation 2 is something that John, a tenth grader likes.
      • Now….”playing” is acting like a noun
      • Our verb in the sentence becomes “likes”
      • Crazy!
  • Gerunds
    • Gerunds always, always, always end in –ing.
    • They act like nouns in a sentence.
    • So they can be:
      • Subjects, Direct objects, Indirect Objects, and Objects of a preposition.
  • Gerunds
    • Let’s try a few….
    • To swim
    • Swimming
    • To eat
    • Eating
    • To dance
    • Dancing
  • Gerunds
    • Okay, now a few examples within sentences…
    • Leaving one’s school during senior year is painful.
    • Gerund: leaving
    • The result was winning the football game with a safety in the fourth quarter.
    • Gerund: winning
  • Gerunds vs Present Participles
    • A gerund ends in –ing and acts like a noun in a sentence.
    • A present participle ends in –ing and acts like an adjective in a sentence
  • Gerunds vs Present Participles
    • Francisco’s first love is swimming.
      • Swimming is a gerund
    • Francisco’s swimming coach was eaten by a great white shark
      • Swimming is a participle, it modifies “coach”
  • The “it” test
    • One last thing….a trick if you will…try to replace –ing verbs with “it”
    • If the sentence makes sense, you’ve got a gerund
    • If not, it’s a present participle….