6904 gerunds and gerund phrases

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6904 gerunds and gerund phrases

  1. 1. Gerunds and Gerund Phrases 2006
  2. 2. Verbals and Verbal Phrases: A Review <ul><li>Remember, when verbs do what they’re told, they are an action or a state of being… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John, a 10 th grader, plays Playstation 2 until PS3 comes out on the market. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy! PLAYS is our verb, right? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Verbals and Verbal Phrases: A Review <ul><li>But sometimes, verbs act like NOUNS, which as we all know, can be confusing…. </li></ul><ul><li>Playing Playstation 2 is something that John, a tenth grader likes. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now….”playing” is acting like a noun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Our verb in the sentence becomes “likes” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crazy! </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Gerunds <ul><li>Gerunds always, always, always end in –ing. </li></ul><ul><li>They act like nouns in a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>So they can be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subjects, Direct objects, Indirect Objects, and Objects of a preposition. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Gerunds <ul><li>Let’s try a few…. </li></ul><ul><li>To swim </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming </li></ul><ul><li>To eat </li></ul><ul><li>Eating </li></ul><ul><li>To dance </li></ul><ul><li>Dancing </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gerunds <ul><li>Okay, now a few examples within sentences… </li></ul><ul><li>Leaving one’s school during senior year is painful. </li></ul><ul><li>Gerund: leaving </li></ul><ul><li>The result was winning the football game with a safety in the fourth quarter. </li></ul><ul><li>Gerund: winning </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gerunds vs Present Participles <ul><li>A gerund ends in –ing and acts like a noun in a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>A present participle ends in –ing and acts like an adjective in a sentence </li></ul>
  8. 8. Gerunds vs Present Participles <ul><li>Francisco’s first love is swimming. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swimming is a gerund </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Francisco’s swimming coach was eaten by a great white shark </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swimming is a participle, it modifies “coach” </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The “it” test <ul><li>One last thing….a trick if you will…try to replace –ing verbs with “it” </li></ul><ul><li>If the sentence makes sense, you’ve got a gerund </li></ul><ul><li>If not, it’s a present participle…. </li></ul>

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