Pilot Project: SMS-based System for Pest and Disease Surveillance  Dr.  Fred Baijukya  ARI-Maruku Dar Es Salaam 31March 2008
Overview <ul><li>Background  </li></ul><ul><li>Key findings from the household survey </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives of the ...
<ul><li>Project funding from Norway </li></ul><ul><li>.... to  Support Biosecurity Initiatives and Policies in Countries F...
Thus ..... <ul><li>FAO, collaborating with ARI Maruku and ARI Kachwekano (UG) piloted a study to generate knowledge on dis...
 
Why this study area? <ul><li>Location for disease emergence  </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of cross-border issues </li></ul><...
Key finding #1: Farmers have, and manage, more problems than simply one disease or pest at a time
Key finding #2: … means farmers face cumulative disease burden
Key finding #3: Movement of people, plants and animals can spread diseases, often with devastating consequences …   Transp...
Banana xanthomonas wilt  (BXW)
 
<ul><li>No analysis of reports to identify pest and disease incidence, or trends over time </li></ul><ul><li>Reports only ...
<ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Human resource </li></ul><ul><li>Reference material </li></ul><ul><li>Working environm...
<ul><li>Little or no incentive among farmers to provide information </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of blame and punishment </li></...
<ul><li>Addressing these constraints could help improve pest and disease surveillance, and potentially early warning </li>...
<ul><li>Visual representation of data (graphs, maps, etc.)  </li></ul><ul><li>Written bulletins distributed to all interes...
So what technology?  <ul><li>Pen and paper </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile phones (SMS)   </li></ul><ul><li>Personal digital assi...
SMS advantages <ul><li>High mobile phone ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Quick transmission of information </li></ul><ul><li>E...
How it works: SMS gate way system Desktop PC Laptop Mobile phone GSM modem SMS Gateway  software
SMS-based system model Field worker Ward extension District extension System monitor warnings verified Research Field work...
Stakeholder benefits <ul><li>Farmers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early warning and response,  empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><li...
Sustainability <ul><li>Needs a project champion </li></ul><ul><li>Public–private partnerships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile...
<ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledging funding support from the  </li></ul><ul><li>Government of Norway </li></ul>
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  • Freddy Presentation

    1. 1. Pilot Project: SMS-based System for Pest and Disease Surveillance Dr. Fred Baijukya ARI-Maruku Dar Es Salaam 31March 2008
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Key findings from the household survey </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives of the pilot </li></ul><ul><li>The SMS system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Project funding from Norway </li></ul><ul><li>.... to Support Biosecurity Initiatives and Policies in Countries Facing High Risks of Outbreak of Disease and Pests </li></ul><ul><li>Biosecurity initiatives understood in order to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>i) strengthern animal and plant health systems and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ii) enhancing food safety </li></ul></ul>Background:
    4. 4. Thus ..... <ul><li>FAO, collaborating with ARI Maruku and ARI Kachwekano (UG) piloted a study to generate knowledge on diseases and their socio-economic burden on rural populations on boarder districts of Tanzania and Uganda </li></ul><ul><li>Study selected 8 districts in south-west Uganda and north-west Tanzania </li></ul>
    5. 6. Why this study area? <ul><li>Location for disease emergence </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of cross-border issues </li></ul><ul><li>Variance in impact (households, communities and farming systems) </li></ul>
    6. 7. Key finding #1: Farmers have, and manage, more problems than simply one disease or pest at a time
    7. 8. Key finding #2: … means farmers face cumulative disease burden
    8. 9. Key finding #3: Movement of people, plants and animals can spread diseases, often with devastating consequences … Transportation of planting Trade In search of pasture and drinking water
    9. 10. Banana xanthomonas wilt (BXW)
    10. 12. <ul><li>No analysis of reports to identify pest and disease incidence, or trends over time </li></ul><ul><li>Reports only reflect area covered by extension workers in that month </li></ul><ul><li>Hard copies of reports can be damaged or lost (in most cases no soft backup) </li></ul><ul><li>No record of phone call reports </li></ul>Key finding #4: Current surveillance and reporting capacities are inadequate
    11. 13. <ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Human resource </li></ul><ul><li>Reference material </li></ul><ul><li>Working environment </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection tools and technical facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance and reporting procedures </li></ul>Technical constraints to surveillance
    12. 14. <ul><li>Little or no incentive among farmers to provide information </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of blame and punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt ‘wait and see’ approach </li></ul><ul><li>Whether farmers report also depends on relationship with extension worker and perception of anticipated assistance </li></ul><ul><li>No culture of record-keeping among farm households </li></ul><ul><li>Resource-poor households may not have access to phones and airtime </li></ul>‘ Social’ constraints to surveillance
    13. 15. <ul><li>Addressing these constraints could help improve pest and disease surveillance, and potentially early warning </li></ul>
    14. 16. <ul><li>Visual representation of data (graphs, maps, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Written bulletins distributed to all interested parties </li></ul><ul><li>Database on reported pest and diseases, that could be easily accessed by decision makers and farmers, extension workers </li></ul><ul><li>Improved information sharing among subject experts </li></ul><ul><li>Technology can help </li></ul>A vision for better surveillance
    15. 17. So what technology? <ul><li>Pen and paper </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile phones (SMS) </li></ul><ul><li>Personal digital assistants (PDAs) </li></ul><ul><li>Laptops </li></ul>
    16. 18. SMS advantages <ul><li>High mobile phone ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Quick transmission of information </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic storage of reports </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile phones already being used to share information among farmers, extension workers </li></ul>
    17. 19. How it works: SMS gate way system Desktop PC Laptop Mobile phone GSM modem SMS Gateway software
    18. 20. SMS-based system model Field worker Ward extension District extension System monitor warnings verified Research Field workers in surrounding areas confirmed data Donors (Project funding) Decision-makers (District budget) Decision-makers (Central government)
    19. 21. Stakeholder benefits <ul><li>Farmers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early warning and response, empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Field workers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness and knowledge, empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extension workers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic planning and resource allocation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Researchers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information to inform future research agenda, early worning system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decision makers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to information for strategic planning and resource allocation </li></ul></ul>
    20. 22. Sustainability <ul><li>Needs a project champion </li></ul><ul><li>Public–private partnerships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile phone service providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS manufacturers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cross-border focus attractive to potential donors </li></ul><ul><li>Low entry running costs are a factor in sustainability </li></ul>
    21. 23. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledging funding support from the </li></ul><ul><li>Government of Norway </li></ul>

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