Sailing 101Peter M. GoodsteinSailor of the Ocean Sea
Why Sail?• Sailing is fun on many levels.• Sailing can be exhilarating, challenging, andcompetitive.• Sailing can be relaxing, calming, and maybespiritual – it’s whatever you want it to be.• Sailing is an activity you can do alone or withyour family and friends, and you can enjoy itfor an entire lifetime.
• Recreation• Informal sailing opportunities• Charters• Raft ups & rendezvous• Sailing Club of Washington• Instruction• Mariner Sailing School• “Dry” instruction• Many good sailing schools• Excellent Web• Competition, Regattas• Sponsored entry• Looking for a boatWhy Sail?
A Typical Sailing Lesson• Review of basics: Flipchart• Rigging the boat: Nomenclature, parts of theboat• Sailing the boat– Points of sail– Maneuvers• Docking, mooring, & “man” overboard drill• Right of way, navigation
What do you need to sail?– Weather– Boats– Peopleo Sailing roles– Students– Crew– Skipper– Skipper aboat At a minimum– Sailing mailing list– Lessons at Mariner SailingSchool www.saildc.comSailing Dock at Belle Haven
Three Points of SailTwo Maneuvers• Close hauled (upwind)– Pointing– Beating• Reaching– Close reach– Beam reach– Broad reach• Running (downwind)• Coming about– Tiller to the sail– Ready about– Har’ to lee• Jibing (Gybing)– Tiller away from the sail– Jibe ho– DUCK! Boom swingsfrom one side to theother.
•Step 1: Make a counter-clockwise loop in the standing end. Pass the working end up throughthe loop.•Step 2: Pass the working end behind the standing end, and back down through the counter-clockwise loop.•Step 3: Snug the knot together by grabbing the workingend in one hand and the standing end in the other and pulling them apart.36
Weather Proverbs• "Clear moon, frost soon."• "Mackerel skies and mares tails:• Make tall ships carry short sails"• "Red sky at night, sailors delight:• Red sky in the morning, sailors take warning."• "Rainbow in the morning, sailors take warning:• Rainbow toward night, sailors delight."• "A backing wind says storms are nigh:• But a veering wind will clear the sky".• "Seagull, seagull, sit on the sand:• Its never good weather when youre on the land."• "When a halo rings the moon or sun:• The rain will come upon the run".• "If wooly fleeces deck the heavenly way,:• Be sure no rain will mar a summers day."• "With the rain before the wind,:• Stays and topsails you must mind,• But with the wind before the rain,• Your topsails you may set again."• "When boat horns sound hollow,:• Rain will surely follow"• "Halo around the sun or moon, rain or snow soon."• "When the stars begin to huddle, the earth will soon becomea puddle."• "When the bubbles of coffee collect in the center of thecup, expect fair weather. When they adhere to thecup, forming a ring, expect rain. If the bubbles separatewithout assuming any fixed position, expect changingweatherThe ability of a seaman to foretell weather by the appearance of the sky, change of winddirection, was handed down in the form of proverbs.39
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