GENERAL HISTORY In 1524 the New York harbor was discovered by an Italian named Giovanni daVerranzo. Dutch settlers came to the new found land from Europe and began thefirst settlement on the island that was called New Amsterdam. Happening whileunder the reign of the first governor, Peter Stuyvestant, the city was taken over bythe English in 1674. After this occurred the city of New Amsterdam was renamedNew York in honor of the Duke of York. By the 18th century there were over60,000 habitants of the city, and the main industries, milling and ship building, werejust starting to seriously take off. The very first shipyard off of the harbor openedin 1720. The British were forced to surrender after a series of fires to GeorgeWashington on November 25th 1783.
HISTORY CONT’D By 1898 all five of the famous boroughs, Bronx, Manhattan, Queens,Brooklyn, and Staten Island were united under one municipal governmentand the city had an overall population of 3.4 million. As of the 2011Census Bureau, the most current population totaled in New York City is8,244,910. Referred to as the “melting pot” of the world, the city hosts tomany densely populated immigrant neighborhoods. There are as many as200 different languages spoken in the streets of all the suburbs.
FAMOUS ARCHITECTURE During the early 20th century many famous buildings were built inNew York City, all of them are great historical sites that each have theirown unique story to tell. The Flat Iron Building was built in 1902, theNew York Public Library opened in 1911 and the Woolworth Buildingwas erected in 1913. In this same year Grand Central Station was opened.Following 17 years later, the Chrysler building was erected, as well as theEmpire State Building in 1931. Also in 1931 the General Electric Buildingwas built. Following GEB, the Rockefeller Center was built in 1932through 1940.
The construction of the Flat Iron building in 1902
THE SUBWAY One of the easily most momentous days in the history of New YorkCity begins with the grand opening of the subway. Mayor George B.McClellan on October 27th, 1904 took the first ride. The track was only 9miles in total distance and started from the City Hall terminal up the EastSide to Grand Central Terminal, then across 42nd Street to Times Square,and up Broadway to West 145th Street. The inaugural ride, while not thefirst in the world, sparked a great fire in the ways of traveling within thecity for the inhabitants.
THINGS TO SEE; MUSEUMS In 2011, Nearly 50.9 million American Museum ofpeople visited New York City, Natural Historyinternational and domestic. the Metropolitan Museum ofConsidering all of the jaw Artdropping, inspiring attractions, thisnumber isn’t very surprising. First the Museum of Modern Arton the list of attractions are some Guggenheim Museumof the best museums in the world.
Guggenheim MuseumAmerican Museum of Natural History
SITE SEEING The Statue of Liberty has waited inNew York Harbor since it was built byFrench architect, Frédéric AugusteBartholdi. The statue began as a gift tothe Americas in September of 1875.Lady Liberty stands 305 ft tall and isvisible from a majority of Manhattan,but the greatest view possible is fromthe ferry that runs around LibertyIsland.
SITE SEEING During your visit to Manhattan youcan also climb to the very top of theEmpire State Building and see alldirections while 1,454 feet in the air.Starting construction in 1909 withWilliam F. Lamb as its architect, the102 stories were complete in a matterof 13 months, a record breakingconstruction time for a building ofsuch great height.
SITE SEEING Central Park, being the city loversmain escape to nature, the park is oneof the most prominent parks in thecountry. There are cafes periodicallyplaced along the paths to sit outsideunder a canopy of trees and enjoy acup of New York coffee. It’s a greatopportunity to take a break from siteseeing on the Great Lawn of CentralPark, and get a first-hand taste of thediversity.
IN CLOSING New York has great opportunities, no matter what it is you’relooking for you’re likely to find it on one of the busy streets. Everycorner you turn down is an adventure waiting to happen. Whetheryou’re looking to have a relaxing stay in a grand hotel, or wanting toride the wild side of Brooklyn’s music scene, New York City hassomething for everyone.
WORKS CITED Lambert, Tim. "A Brief History of New York City." A World History Encyclopedia.N.p., N/A. Web. 01 Oct 2012. <http://www.localhistories.org/newyork.html>. Lauren, Dale. "Architecture and You: The Empire State Building." Aesthetic RealismLooks at New York City. N.p., 2011. Web. 12 Oct 2012.<http://www.beautyofnyc.org/nyclandmarks.htm>. Stern, John. "The New York Subway: A Century."Aesthetic Realism Looks at New YorkCity. N.p., 2008. Web. 12 Oct 2012.<http://www.beautyofnyc.org/stern_nycsubway.pdf>. N/A, . "List of Museums in New York City." NYC Tourist. N.p., 12 Oct 2012. Web.12 Oct 2012. <http://www.nyctourist.com/museums.htm>.