Absolutism Created by Beth Bradley, The Academy Maria Teresa of Austria All page numbers are from the blue textbook, World History, McDougall Littell, 2003 Directions: Using the PowerPoint, Setting the Stage for Revolution, the AP textbook and the websites provided here complete the information asked for on each slide. Email your PowerPoint to firstname.lastname@example.org
Absolutism Emily Guzman 6 th period Feb.3, 2009 Define Absolutism here. A political theory holding that all power should be vested in one leader or other authority Define Divine Right of Kings here. A name given to a patriarchal theory of government
Phillip II of Spain Sensory Figure (pages 430-432) I heard that I King Phillip II was a horrible man to the people of the Netherlands, I as king wanted to crush Calvinism. People in other nations despised me but the fact that I wanted Catholicism to grow I had do start war. I sent my armada against to invade England. We fleeted and confronted a number of encounters with the English, so we sailed back to Spain by using a northern route around Scotland and Ireland, which we faced hard times when our ships soon began to sank because of the harsh weathers in 1588. I saw that my country became one of the most powerful countries during my reign in the 16 th century; which included the West Indies, Cuba, Florida, Mexico, Central America, parts of South America and the Philippines I walked the earth as King of Spain from 1556 to 1598 Insert the dates of Phillip II’s reign here
Louis XIV of France Sensory Figure (pages 428, 441-444. ) I walked the earth as King of France from 1661 - 1715 I heard my subjects call me the Sun King. I came to the throne in 1643 at the age of four, but until the age of 23 I soon became full ruler and king of France. In my time I wanted to dominate Bourbon dynasty this was lasted for about four years , and because of this I added some territory to France’s northeastern frontier I built the Palace of Versailles which was a royal court served for three purposes. Which were for my personal household, also chief offices of state were in the Palace of Versailles, and power subjects came here to find officers for themselves King Louis XIV 1661-1715
Czar Peter the Great of Russia Westernization
Peter the Great tried to revolutionize Russian culture and society.
He employed both Russians and Europeans as officers for military , given credit for building the first Russian Army.
Imposed to rule of the Central Government more effectively throughout the land which he divided Russia into provinces.
He introduced western customs, practices, and manners into Russia.
Make a bullet list here of at least 5 changes Peter made to Russian Society
“ Open a window to the West“, meaning a port with ready access to Europe.
The English Rebel Against Charles I and Absolutism
Charles I believed as in the Divine Right of Kings. Parliament passed a petition in prohibited the passing of any taxes without Parliaments Consent.
Which turned out to have a civil war.
Charles I was executed on January 30, 1649
Cromwell ruled for until his death in 1658, until parliament restored and took control of monarchy in Charles II.
Oliver Cromwell: An Absolutist Dictator
Oliver Cromwell developed a New Model Army, which brought parliament to a civil war.
Parliament abolished the monarchy and the House of Lords and declared England a republic.
In 1649 he took place over Charles I and
Charles II took place when Oliver Cromwell died.
What was the Restoration? Where parliament restored monarchy into Charles II .
Who came to power? Charles II
What did he do to anger Parliament? Charles II suspended laws that Parliament had passed against Catholics and Puritans.
What happened to him? Parliament forced Charles I to back down on his action
The English Bill of Rights
How did William and Mary come to the throne of England? King James had a daughter named Mary. Soon Mary and William invaded England
List FIVE provisions of the English Bill of Rights.
Parliament’s right to make laws and levy taxes.
Standing armies could be raised only with parliaments consent
Kings to oppose or do without parliament
Rights of citizens to keep arms and have a jury trial
System of government based on rule of law and a freely elected Parliament
Name two provisions in the English Bill of Rights also found in the US Bill of Rights.
Rights of citizens to keep arms and have jury trials
System of government of rule of law
William and Mary’s reign 1689-1702
European Absolutism Summary Chart Directions: Complete the information asked for in each box. Peter the Great reformation Prussia and Austria Austria and Germany Restoration War: Burbon Dynasty Defeats Ottomans in 1571 Wars and Reforms A big millitary power it was rich and powerful country Main productors of cheese The economy had a lot of trade Parliament was fierce economically was at its rough times Palace of Versailles Richest in world, based on New World trade – gold, sugar Economy orthodox Catholic Catholic Catholic Catholic Catholic Religion Ivan(1533-1554) Phillip II Frederick william (1619-1640) Leopold (1582-1632) Charles I(1625-1628) Cromwell (1649-1658) Charles II (1658-1688) Louis XIV 1661-1715 Phillip II absolute monarch (1554-1598) Leaders (Dates) Anarchy Monarchy Monarchy monarchy monarchy monarchy Government RUSSIA PRUSSIA AUSTRIA ENGLAND FRANCE SPAIN