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LIBERALISM
    Introduction to Liberal Internationalism and Democratic Peace Proposition

                    Internationa...
Liberalism
       Dichotomy in class: realism and liberalism
       Authors
       Main points:
           Liberal int...
Dichotomy: liberalism


       Definition of realism: practical appliance
          Definition of realism: practical app...
Authors
       Fukuyama               Paine
       Doyle                  Russett
       Kant                   Rawl...
Liberal internationalism
                           Origins



       XVIII and XIX: ”Liberals proposing 
        precond...
Liberal preconditions


       Democracy
       Free trade
       Collective security

                      
Liberal preconditions

       DEMOCRACY
       War is not of human nature
       Warrior class invented war
       Ide...
Liberal preconditions

       FREE TRADE
       Trade creates necessities, that join all actors in 
        the (interna...
Liberal preconditions



       COLLECTIVE SECURITY
       Requieres a degree of mutual confidence




                 ...
Liberalism

       Further in this chapter...
The economic dimension

Polanyi's critique: material self­gain, laissez­fai...
Liberalism
                 Democratic Peace Proposition

       Let's assume democracies rarely make war
           Dya...
Liberalism
                  Democratic Peace Proposition
       Theories of the Dyadic Democratic Peace
            Cul...
Liberalism
                Democratic Peace Proposition
       Elaborations of the DPP:
           Democracies join demo...
Liberalism
                 Democratic Peace Proposition
       Why do Democracies win the wars they fight?

           ...
Liberalism
                Democratic Peace Proposition


       Are Democracies more likely to use force for 
        do...
Liberalism
              Democratic Peace Proposition




       Civil wars do not arise so often in Democracies




    ...
Liberalism



    NOW, CURRENTLY




           
Liberalism
                  New international arena


       Democracies are more peaceful because it 
        would be ...
Liberalism
                      New international arena
       According to Liberalism statements, trade units 
        ...
Liberalism
                         New international arena
         List of main international banking institutions
    E...
Liberalism
                    New international arena
       For security issues, NATO has an important 
        role in...
Liberalism
                   New international arena
       Russia and China (Brazil and India also) should 
        be ...
Liberalism
                 New international arena


    Moral imperative: there is a dictate of reason
    Not following...
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Liberalism - IEHEI students 2010-2011

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This is the first presentation of Yasmin Capitaine and Emilio Romero García in the course

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Transcript of "Liberalism - IEHEI students 2010-2011"

  1. 1. LIBERALISM Introduction to Liberal Internationalism and Democratic Peace Proposition International Relations 14 October 2010 Nice ­ FRANCE Yasmin Capitaine   Emilio Romero García  
  2. 2. Liberalism  Dichotomy in class: realism and liberalism  Authors  Main points:  Liberal internationalism  Democratic peace proposition  Discussion: for or against?  Conclusions    
  3. 3. Dichotomy: liberalism  Definition of realism: practical appliance  Definition of realism: practical appliance  Definition of liberalism: follow the utopia  Is it better to follow ideals?    
  4. 4. Authors  Fukuyama  Paine  Doyle  Russett  Kant  Rawls  Rousseau  Mueller  Cobden  Ricardo   Schumpeter  Mill  Howard  Angell    
  5. 5. Liberal internationalism Origins  XVIII and XIX: ”Liberals proposing  preconditions for a peaceful world order (…) for  the elimination of war.” (in the class copies)    
  6. 6. Liberal preconditions  Democracy  Free trade  Collective security    
  7. 7. Liberal preconditions  DEMOCRACY  War is not of human nature  Warrior class invented war  Ideals like individual rights, freedom of speech,  liberty... conform the liberal state  Snowball effect of liberal states    
  8. 8. Liberal preconditions  FREE TRADE  Trade creates necessities, that join all actors in  the (international) transactions  Without commerce societies miss the facilities  obtained  Trade promotes peace    
  9. 9. Liberal preconditions  COLLECTIVE SECURITY  Requieres a degree of mutual confidence    
  10. 10. Liberalism  Further in this chapter... The economic dimension Polanyi's critique: material self­gain, laissez­faire, economics split from politics* Free trade imperialism: another way to exploit Liberalism and Globalisation New phase of capitalism or a world less open and globalised? The nature of free trade Sovereignty and foreign investment    
  11. 11. Liberalism Democratic Peace Proposition  Let's assume democracies rarely make war  Dyads of democracies ­ Individual states  ...criticised by Small and Singer  Process of democratization  Conflict in the short term and peace in the long term    
  12. 12. Liberalism Democratic Peace Proposition  Theories of the Dyadic Democratic Peace  Cultural explanations  Explanation by structure  Two levels of decision making: National and international  (Bueno de Mesquita and Lalman, 1992)  ...possible only with transparency  Historical satisfaction with international status quo    
  13. 13. Liberalism Democratic Peace Proposition  Elaborations of the DPP:  Democracies join democracies (Mousseau)  Autocracies do with autocracies (Werner and  Lemke)  Covert intervention: Nicaragua  Democracies are more likely to settle disputes  peacefully and less likely to initiate them    
  14. 14. Liberalism Democratic Peace Proposition  Why do Democracies win the wars they fight?  Because of the citizens' participation in the  democratic process (Russet, 1993)  Because they choose only wars they are likely to  win (Reiter and Stam, 1998)  The longer it lasts, the less likely they are to triumph    
  15. 15. Liberalism Democratic Peace Proposition  Are Democracies more likely to use force for  domestic political advantage?  No evidence to support this    
  16. 16. Liberalism Democratic Peace Proposition  Civil wars do not arise so often in Democracies    
  17. 17. Liberalism NOW, CURRENTLY    
  18. 18. Liberalism New international arena  Democracies are more peaceful because it  would be at the expense of those who would  fight it (Kant, Perpetual Peace)  European states are interdependent – war isn't  of economic interest (Angell, The Great Illusion)    
  19. 19. Liberalism New international arena  According to Liberalism statements, trade units  countries.   Some institutions promoting free trade are:  International Monetary Fund  World Trade Organisation (3 official languages, FR, EN,  ES)  United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (6  official languages, FR, EN, ES, Russian, Arabic and    Chinese)  
  20. 20. Liberalism New international arena List of main international banking institutions European Central Bank www.ecb.eu African Development Bank www.afdb.org Asian Development Bank www.adb.org Bank for International Settlements www.bis.org Bank of World Residence Program www.bwrp.org Caribbean Development Bank www.caribank.org Islamic Development Bank www.isdb.org World Bank www.worldbankgroup.org    
  21. 21. Liberalism New international arena  For security issues, NATO has an important  role in maintaining and promoting peace  Countries outside NATO are starting up new  military organisations  Asia Pacific Forum plays a role for Human Rights  Promotion  Asian Pacific ”NATO” is being discussed    
  22. 22. Liberalism New international arena  Russia and China (Brazil and India also) should  be incorporated into intergovernmental  organisations that create interdependence  The process of incorporation is currently taking place  The interdependence will bring about peace     
  23. 23. Liberalism New international arena Moral imperative: there is a dictate of reason Not following the moral law is self defeating and  thus contrary to reason.                                           Immanuel Kant    
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