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Topic 1 the baroque and the spanish golden era (i)
 

Topic 1 the baroque and the spanish golden era (i)

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    Topic 1 the baroque and the spanish golden era (i) Topic 1 the baroque and the spanish golden era (i) Presentation Transcript

    • Topic 1 The Baroque and the Spanish Golden Era
    • The term
      • Baroque is the name given to European culture in the period which started in the 17th cent and lasted for most of the 18th cent
    • Influenced by the religious conflicts
    • Catholic countries
      • Intense spirituality
      • Crisis (Spain)
    • Protestant countries
      • Individualistic way
      • Economic success
      The Milkmaid by Vermeer
    •  
    •  
    • Culture
      • Inspired in classical forms
      • But different
    • Bernini's Ecstasy of St. Teresa
    • Reality as it was
      • No hiding defects
      • No idealisation
      • Movement
      • Contrast
    • Literature
      • Shakespeare
      • Molière
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H-_QlzUJBbU&feature=related
    • Spanish Golden Era
      • Calderón de la Barca
      • Lope de Vega
      • Cervantes
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_WyO7yDvaJk&feature=related
    • Music
      • Vivaldi
      • Händel
      • Bach
      Summer http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U0FTIPilHx8&feature=related
    • Science
      • Empiricism
        • Observation+Experimentation
      • Rationalism
        • Use of reason
      • Galileo
      • Kepler
      • Newton
    • Academies of sciences Galileo before the Holy Office
    • Baroque in art
    • Architecture
      • Buildings were built to attract the attention of passers-by
    •  
    • How?
      • Curved lines
      • Solomonic and spiral columns
      • Light effects
        • Recesses and projections
        • Broken pediments
        • Light and shade
      • Rich ornamentation
      • Combination of painting+sculpture+architecture
    • Transparente of Narciso Tomé in the Cathedral of Toledo
    • Painting Rembrandt The Nightwatch
    • Rome, capital of Baroque
      • Originated in Rome
      • Reconstruction of Rome after Council of Trent
      • Objective: Reinforce the idea of Rome as capital of the Christianity
      • Also a symbol of the Counter-Reformation
    • How?
      • Constructing large churches
      • Squares
      • Avenues leading to the main religious buildings
    • The best ones…
      • Gian Lorenzo Bernini
      • Francesco Borromini
    • Bernini
      • Chosen by the Popes
      • Redesigned the Saint Peter’s square and Basilica
        • 2 great colonnades
        • Baldachin (=pillared canopy)
    •  
    • Piazza Navona
    • Borromini
      • San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
    • Saint Ivo alla Sapienza
    • Spread of the style: Spain
      • Rich ornamentation
      • José de Churriguera
        • Churrigueresque style
      • Town squares (Salamanca)
    • Town square in Salamanca
    • Spread of the style: France
      • Great palaces
      • Versailles is the largest and the most famous