Topic 1 the baroque and the spanish golden era (i)

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Topic 1 the baroque and the spanish golden era (i)

  1. 1. Topic 1 The Baroque and the Spanish Golden Era
  2. 2. The term <ul><li>Baroque is the name given to European culture in the period which started in the 17th cent and lasted for most of the 18th cent </li></ul>
  3. 3. Influenced by the religious conflicts
  4. 4. Catholic countries <ul><li>Intense spirituality </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis (Spain) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Protestant countries <ul><li>Individualistic way </li></ul><ul><li>Economic success </li></ul>The Milkmaid by Vermeer
  6. 8. Culture <ul><li>Inspired in classical forms </li></ul><ul><li>But different </li></ul>
  7. 9. Bernini's Ecstasy of St. Teresa
  8. 10. Reality as it was <ul><li>No hiding defects </li></ul><ul><li>No idealisation </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast </li></ul>
  9. 11. Literature <ul><li>Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>Molière </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H-_QlzUJBbU&feature=related
  10. 12. Spanish Golden Era <ul><li>Calderón de la Barca </li></ul><ul><li>Lope de Vega </li></ul><ul><li>Cervantes </li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_WyO7yDvaJk&feature=related
  11. 13. Music <ul><li>Vivaldi </li></ul><ul><li>Händel </li></ul><ul><li>Bach </li></ul>Summer http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U0FTIPilHx8&feature=related
  12. 14. Science <ul><li>Empiricism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Observation+Experimentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rationalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of reason </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Galileo </li></ul><ul><li>Kepler </li></ul><ul><li>Newton </li></ul>
  14. 16. Academies of sciences Galileo before the Holy Office
  15. 17. Baroque in art
  16. 18. Architecture <ul><li>Buildings were built to attract the attention of passers-by </li></ul>
  17. 20. How? <ul><li>Curved lines </li></ul><ul><li>Solomonic and spiral columns </li></ul><ul><li>Light effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recesses and projections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broken pediments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light and shade </li></ul></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>Rich ornamentation </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of painting+sculpture+architecture </li></ul>
  19. 22. Transparente of Narciso Tomé in the Cathedral of Toledo
  20. 23. Painting Rembrandt The Nightwatch
  21. 24. Rome, capital of Baroque <ul><li>Originated in Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstruction of Rome after Council of Trent </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: Reinforce the idea of Rome as capital of the Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Also a symbol of the Counter-Reformation </li></ul>
  22. 25. How? <ul><li>Constructing large churches </li></ul><ul><li>Squares </li></ul><ul><li>Avenues leading to the main religious buildings </li></ul>
  23. 26. The best ones… <ul><li>Gian Lorenzo Bernini </li></ul><ul><li>Francesco Borromini </li></ul>
  24. 27. Bernini <ul><li>Chosen by the Popes </li></ul><ul><li>Redesigned the Saint Peter’s square and Basilica </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 great colonnades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baldachin (=pillared canopy) </li></ul></ul>
  25. 29. Piazza Navona
  26. 30. Borromini <ul><li>San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane </li></ul>
  27. 31. Saint Ivo alla Sapienza
  28. 32. Spread of the style: Spain <ul><li>Rich ornamentation </li></ul><ul><li>José de Churriguera </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Churrigueresque style </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Town squares (Salamanca) </li></ul>
  29. 33. Town square in Salamanca
  30. 34. Spread of the style: France <ul><li>Great palaces </li></ul><ul><li>Versailles is the largest and the most famous </li></ul>

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