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Essential Doctrines - Trinity

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  • 1. Essential Doctrines | Trinity
  • 2. Matthew 3:16-17
    16 After Jesus was baptized, He went up immediately from the water. The heavens suddenly opened for Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming down on Him. 17 And there came a voice from heaven: This is My beloved Son. I take delight in Him!
    The Christian response is contained in these two fundamental dogmas: that of the Trinity and that of the Incarnation. In the trinitarian dogma God is one, good, true, and beautiful because he is essentially Love, and Love supposes the one, the other, and their unity. - Hans Urs von Balthasar
    The Doctrine of the Trinity teaches that within the unity of the one Godhead there are three separate persons who are coequal in power, nature, and eternity. - Walter Martin
  • 5. The Trinity
  • 6. Key Points
    There is 1 God
    God is expressed to us in 3 distinct persons
    The Trinity is an example of God’s revelation to us as men in perfect unity
  • 7. There Is One God
    Deuteronomy 6:4
    Listen, Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is One.
    This verse is not a denial of God as triune but instead a clarification that God is One God & not like the pagan gods presented to Israel.
  • 8. There Is One God
    Pagan cultures worshipped fallen angels/ demons
    Colossians 2:18
    18 Let no one disqualify you, insisting on ascetic practices and the worship of angels, claiming access to a visionary realm and inflated without cause by his fleshly mind.
    Deuteronomy 32:17
    17 They sacrificed to demons, not God, to gods they had not known, new gods that had just arrived, which your fathers did not fear.
  • 9. There Is One God
    Abraham was a part of this culture & was called by God out of that culture into a relational covenant w/ God (Genesis 12:4-9)
    Abraham was not a Jew but a pagan
    Israel arose out of a covenant w/God (see Genesis 32:28)
  • 10. God is expressed to us in 3 distinct persons
    The Trinity
    The Father
    Yahweh – see Exodus 6:3
    Is forever on the throne – see Psalm 9:7
    The Son
    Incarnate God – see John 10:31-39
    Messiah – see Matthew 16:16
    Redeemer – see 1st Corinthians 15:22
    The Holy Spirit
    Can be received – see Acts 8:17
    Can be resisted – see Acts 7:51
    Can be grieved – see Ephesians 4:30
  • 11. God is expressed to us in 3 distinct persons
    Other views
    Binitarianism (one deity/two persons)
    Unitarianism (one deity/one person)
    Oneness Pentecostalism (one deity/three manifestations of Jesus)
    Modalism (one deity/different manifestations of the Father)
  • 12. God is expressed to us in 3 distinct persons
    Problems with these views
    The implication is the Father suffered on the cross which He did not
    Mark 15:34
    34 And at three Jesus cried out with a loud voice, " Eloi, Eloi, lemásabachtháni?" which is translated, " My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me? "
    Isaiah 53:2-6
    2 He grew up before Him like a young plant and like a root out of dry ground. He had no form or splendor that we should look at Him, no appearance that we should desire Him. 3 He was despised and rejected by men, a man of suffering who knew what sickness was. He was like one people turned away from; He was despised, and we didn't value Him. 4 Yet He Himself bore our sicknesses, and He carried our pains; but we in turn regarded Him stricken, struck down by God, and afflicted. 5 But He was pierced because of our transgressions, crushed because of our iniquities; punishment for our peace was on Him, and we are healed by His wounds. 6 We all went astray like sheep; we all have turned to our own way; and the LORD has punished Him for the iniquity of us all.
    The implication is that God has different disguises which He does not.
  • 13. The Trinity is an example of God’s revelation to us as men in perfect unity
    There is deference in the trinity
    John 6:38
    38 For I have come down from heaven, not to do My will, but the will of Him who sent Me.
    John 7:16
    16 Jesus answered them, "My teaching isn't Mine but is from the One who sent Me.
    John 8:29
    29 The One who sent Me is with Me. He has not left Me alone, because I always do what pleases Him."
  • 14. The Trinity is an example of God’s revelation to us as men in perfect unity
    Perfect love
    1st John 4:16
    16 And we have come to know and to believe the love that God has for us. God is love, and the one who remains in love remains in God, and God remains in him.
    1st John 4:8
    8 The one who does not love does not know God, because God is love.
    Never show jealousy
    Perfect relationship
  • 15. Key Points
    There is 1 God
    God is expressed to us in 3 distinct persons
    The Trinity is an example of God’s revelation to us as men in perfect unity
  • 16. Essential Doctrines | Trinity
  • 17. Everlasting Mercy Fellowship
    Milwaukee and Racine, WI