Ttv 101


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TtV 101 - An introduction to "Through the Viewfinder" photography.

Presented @ Photocamp Houston on sat., 1/24/09.

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Ttv 101

  1. 1. TtV 101 by Elaine Mesker-Garcia aka cybertoad
  2. 2. TtV photography is defined as taking a picture of any subject through the viewfinder of any camera with another camera. “ Through the Viewfinder” Defined
  3. 3. “ Through the Viewfinder” photography or TtV is defined as taking a picture of any subject through the viewfinder of a camera (typically a vintage camera) with another camera (typically a modern digital SLR camera). The resulting digital image shows the scratches, dust and inherent lens distortion resulting from the vintage lens. Typically the effects are NOT produced in PhotoShop although color saturation and contrast are often enhanced. Some actions/presets can also be used. As a result of these distortions, scratches and dust, the images produced evoke a sense of nostalgia that is not often seen in current digital photography. It takes a different approach to the subject to capture an effective TtV image and is a fun & challenging new way to look “through the viewfinder”… What Makes TtV Special?
  4. 4. <ul><li>A “Bottom” Camera – various types available </li></ul><ul><li>A “Contraption” </li></ul><ul><li>A “Top” camera (point & shoot or DSLR) </li></ul><ul><li>Macro capabilities – Macro setting, Macro lens, close up ring set </li></ul><ul><li>Photo Editing Software </li></ul><ul><li>that can crop & straighten </li></ul><ul><li>at the very minimum. </li></ul>What’s Needed?
  5. 5. <ul><li>Bottom Camera </li></ul><ul><li>The camera used for its viewfinder, generally a TLR camera. </li></ul><ul><li>Bubble The type of viewfinder glass found on the top of the </li></ul><ul><li>Kodak Duaflex, Kodak Brownie Starflex and Argus 75, </li></ul><ul><li>among others. </li></ul><ul><li>Contraption </li></ul><ul><li>A channel construction made of whatever materials are readily available. Construction paper, household plumbing materials, cigar boxes and breakfast cereal boxes are commonly used. </li></ul><ul><li>Dirt (also know as Grime ) </li></ul><ul><li>The stuff that one usually finds on the viewfinder lenses and mirrors of vintage cameras used for TtV photography. </li></ul><ul><li>Flip </li></ul><ul><li>Reversing the image so that text is readable, accomplished with graphics editing software. Through the Viewfinder pictures are backwards because of the 45 degree mirror between the top glass and the front glass of the viewfinder on TLR cameras, which makes everything backwards. </li></ul>GLOSSARY
  6. 6. <ul><li>Ghosting </li></ul><ul><li>A faint repeat of the image, usually transparent and slightly separated from the original subject. The phenomenon is specific to the Kodak Duaflex camera. </li></ul><ul><li>TLR </li></ul><ul><li>Acronym for Twin Lens Reflex. </li></ul><ul><li>Top Camera </li></ul><ul><li>The camera used to take the picture, pointed through the contraption, at the viewfinder. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Twin Lens Reflex </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The type of camera most commonly used for TtV photography. TLRs have two lenses of the same focal length. One lens is used for taking the picture while the other is used in a waist-level viewfinder system that gives a close approximation of what will appear on film. </li></ul><ul><li>cc 2006-2008 Russ Morris </li></ul>GLOSSARY
  7. 7. <ul><li>Real TLR </li></ul><ul><li>A Twin Lens Reflex where the upper lens is coupled with the main one (such as the Rolleiflex or the Yahsicamat). </li></ul><ul><li>Pseudo TLR </li></ul><ul><li>An imitation TLR where the top lens is just large (brilllant) viewfinder (such as the Kodak Duaflex and the Ensign ful-vue). The viewfinder is usually fixed focus. </li></ul><ul><li>Folding camera </li></ul><ul><li>A bellows cameras (film or plate) where the lens folds back behind a door . </li></ul><ul><li>Box camera </li></ul><ul><li>Self explanatory. </li></ul><ul><li>Rangefinder camera </li></ul><ul><li>A camera where viewfinder and lens are separate (such as a Leica and 35mm cameras with fixed lenses). </li></ul><ul><li>SLR </li></ul><ul><li>A single lens reflex where the viewfinder shows exactly what the lens sees (cameras usually have interchangeable lenses). </li></ul>Types of “Bottom” Cameras Text from Dirk Spennemann’s TtV Survey
  8. 8. <ul><li>garage sales </li></ul><ul><li>the attic – yours, your parent’s attic, your grandparent’s </li></ul><ul><li>flea markets </li></ul><ul><li>Craigslist </li></ul><ul><li>camera shows </li></ul><ul><li>local camera stores </li></ul><ul><li>on-line forums </li></ul>Finding a Camera
  9. 9. <ul><li>Kodak Brownie Starflex </li></ul><ul><li>An inexpensive fixed-focus medium-format camera made from 1957-1964. It used 127 format film. </li></ul><ul><li>Duaflex II, III, IV </li></ul><ul><li>The Kodak Duaflex is the most commonly used camera for TtV. Produced from 1947 to 1950, it used 620 format film. Depending on the model, they have a 72mm or 75mm fixed lens. Favored by TtV photographers because of the large bubble glass on top of the camera. </li></ul><ul><li>Ansco Anscoflex II </li></ul><ul><li>Made around 1954, this camera has a unique lens cover which slides up to form the viewfinder hood. </li></ul><ul><li>Argus Seventy-Five </li></ul><ul><li>Made from 1949-1958 with a 75mm fixed focus lens. Used 620 format film. </li></ul><ul><li>Kodak Brownie Hawkeye Flash </li></ul><ul><li>Made from 1949 to 1961. Used 620 format film. </li></ul>Common “Bottom” Cameras
  10. 10. Real TLRs Agfa Flexilette Aiglon Reflex Alsaphot Bioflex Dréflex Altiflex Amplion Reflex Argus Argoflex E Argus Argoflex EF Argus Argoflex EM Atoms TLR Blackbird Fly 135 Bradac Compagnion Chelicoflex Ciro-Flex Cosmoflex Delicaflex Dorisflex Elizaflex Embirflex Flexaret Flexo Flexora Fodor B Fodorcord Foth-flex Fujicaflex Geltoflex Graflex 22 Halina A1 Hollywood Reflex Ikoflex Kinaflex Kodak Reflex II Komsomolets Koniflex Koni-Omegaflex Leadaflex Lubitel 166 Lubitel 2 Mamiya C-1, -2, -3 Mamiya C220 Mamiya C330 Mamiyaflex Mentorett Minolta Autocord Minolta Miniflex Montiflex MPP Microcord MPP Microflex Mudan 120 Ofunaflex Olympus Eye Olympus Flex Ontoflex Optima Reflex Pearl River Peerflekta Petriflex Photina Reflex Pilot Reflex Plascaflex Primo Junior Prince Flex Reflecta Reflekta Ricaflex Ricoh Auto 66 Ricoh Dia Ricoh Diamond Ricohflex Ricohflex Super Ricohmatic Rocca Super Reflex Rodaflex Rollei Magic Rolleicord Rolleiflex Rolleiflex Baby Rollop Rorter Ref Ruvinalflex Seagull Seagull 48 SeagullSeagull 4B Semflex Soligor Semi-Auto Sputnik Start (TLR) Sunscope (Crystar) Toyoca 44 Trioflex Trumpfreflex Tubasaflex Tubasaflex Junior Uniflex US Camera Corp Auto-Fifty Veriflex Vitaflex Voigtländer Superb Welmyflex Welta Superfekta Welta Weltaflex Wirgin Reflex xKamarad II Yashica TLR Yashicamat Zeiss Ikon Contaflex Zeiss Ikon Ikoflex
  11. 11. Pseudo TLRs Aiglon Alma Baby Ref Alsaphot Dauphin I Alsaphot Dauphin II Alsaphot Dauphin III Alsaphot Dauphin IV Ansco Cadet Reflex Ansco Panda Ansco Rediflex Ansco Sure-Shot Jr Anscoflex Anscoflex II Argus 40 Argus 75 Argus Argoflex 40 Argus Argoflex 75 Argus Argoflex Super 75 Baby Flex Baby Ref Baby Roll Ref Bedfordflex Bedfordflex Bilora Bonita Bolsey-Flex Captaflex Chukon Ref Clix-o-flex Clover Baby Ref Cometflex Dox New Six Elliotte Ensign Ful-Vue Ensign Ful-Vue II Ensign Ful-Vue Super Ferrania Elioflex Ferrania Rondine Flex-O-Cord Gemflex Gnome Pixie Flex Halina Prefect Halina Viceroy Hansa Rollette Ref Herlight Honestflex Ilfoflex Ilford Craftsman Imperial Reflex 620 Kodak Brownie Hawkeye Flash Kodak Brownie Reflex Kodak Brownie Starflex Kodak Brownie Twin-20 Kodak Duaflex (I) Kodak Duaflex II Kodak Duaflex III Kodak Duaflex IV Koniken Mario Ref Maruso Camera Metroflex Mikono Flex C Mycroflex Olbia 6x6 Olbia Eikon Omega Eikon Oplen Junior Palma Brilliant Peace Baby Flex Pho Tak Refllex I Pilot Ref Prince Baby Ref Pucky Rionflex Roll Light Ref Rosko Brilliant Spartus Full-Vue Topflex Tougodo box-shaped cameras Traveller Unibox A Union Ref Vesterflex Voigtländer Brilliant Whitehouse Beacon Reflex Youngflex
  12. 12. Contraptions <ul><li>cardboard </li></ul><ul><li>from a template </li></ul><ul><li>tubes – plastic, cardboard (Pringles can, similarly shaped cans) </li></ul><ul><li>Neoprene sleeve (wine bottle holder or koozies taped together) </li></ul><ul><li>packaging boxes for wine/liquor or other skinny rectangular packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Be creative! </li></ul> & lots of duct tape or electrical tape to hold it all together!
  13. 13. Contraptions
  14. 14. Contraptions
  15. 15. Tips & Techniques <ul><li>Angles, angles, angles! </li></ul><ul><li>Get close! </li></ul><ul><li>Get low, get high & don’t be afraid </li></ul><ul><li>to go over your head! </li></ul><ul><li>Leave enough space so that there </li></ul><ul><li>is a black edge around the </li></ul><ul><li>image after you crop. </li></ul><ul><li>Be careful of over-exposure. </li></ul><ul><li>Lens too clean? Some people use dryer lint to add some dirt. </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment with all types of subjects – you’ll always be surprised by the results. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be shy – you’ll get looks. Answer questions, show people & educate. </li></ul>
  16. 16. TtV Image Before Editing Straighten Crop
  17. 17. Argus 75 Examples Dirt & Scratch Visible Softer Focus
  18. 18. Argus 75 Examples Colors & Contrast Enhanced Sepia
  19. 19. Starflex Examples
  20. 20. Online Resources <ul><li>Through the Viewfinder: </li></ul><ul><li>TtV Whores: http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>TtV Still Life: http:// -still-life/ </li></ul><ul><li>Street TtV: http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>TtVs + Rust = Perfect Combo!: </li></ul><ul><li>TtV Pets: </li></ul><ul><li>Through the Viewfinder Tutorial by Russ Morris: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Articles: </li></ul><ul><li>JPG Magazine, “Going Through the Viewfinder” by Russ Morris </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Through the Viewfinder Photography” by Jenny Cisney, Kodak </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>PhotoJojo, “Resurrect Your Vintage Camera, Digital Style” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>JPG Magazine, “TTV in Architecture” by Dirk Spennemann </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>